Masked lapwings Vanellus miles novaehollandiae, copyright Arthur Chapman.

Belongs within: Charadriidae.

Vanellus, the lapwings, is a cosmopolitan genus of relatively large plovers found in inland habitats, many of which possess colourful wattles on the face and/or sharp-pointed bony spurs on the bend of the wing.

<==Vanellus Brisson 1760 CC10 (see below for synonymy)
    |--V. spinosus BKB15 [=Hoplopterus spinosus RN72b]
    `--+--V. indicus BKB15 [=Lobivanellus indicus RN72a; incl. Parra goensis CC10, *L. goensis CC10]
       |    |--V. i. indicus SU93
       |    `--V. i. atronuchalis SU93
       `--+--V. chilensis BKB15
          `--+--V. resplendens BKB15
             `--+--*V. vanellus (Linnaeus 1758) CC10, BKB15, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
                `--V. miles (Boddaert 1783) JT12, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
                     |--V. m. miles CC10
                     `--V. m. novaehollandiae Stephens in Shaw 1819 (see below for synonymy) CC10

Vanellus Brisson 1760 CC10 [incl. Hoplopterus Bonaparte 1831 B94, Hoploxypterus Bonaparte 1856 B94, Lobibyx Heine 1890 CC10, Lobivanellus Gray 1841 CC10, Sarciophorus Gray 1841 B94; Hoploxypterinae, Lobibyxinae, Lobivanellinae, Sarciophorinae]

Vanellus miles (Boddaert 1783) JT12, CC10 [=Tringa miles CC10, Lobibyx miles WS48, Lobivanellus miles R87; incl. Lobiv. personatus R87]

Vanellus miles novaehollandiae Stephens in Shaw 1819 [=Lobibyx novaehollandiae; incl. Tringa lobata Latham 1802 non Linnaeus 1758, *Lobibyx lobata, Lobivanellus lobatus] CC10

*Vanellus vanellus (Linnaeus 1758) CC10, BKB15, CC10 [=Tringa vanellus CC10; incl. V. cristatus Wolf & Meyer 1805 CC10, Vanallus (l. c.) cristatus, Vanellus aristatus (l. c.) CC10]

Vanellus incertae sedis:
  V. albiceps JT12
  V. armatus JT12 [=Hoplopterus armatus A61]
  V. cayanus JT12 [=Hoplopterus cayanus SS66]
  V. coronatus JT12
  V. crassirostris JT12
  V. duvaucelii JT12
  V. gregarius JT12
  V. leucurus JT12
  V. lugubris JT12
  V. macropterus SU93
  V. malarbaricus JT12
  V. melanocephalus (Rüppell 1845) JT12, S05 [=Lobivanellus melanocephalus S05, Tylibyx melanocephalus S05]
  V. melanopterus (Cretzschmar 1829) JT12, S05 [=Charadrius melanopterus S05, Stephanibyx melanopterus S05]
  ‘Sarciophorus’ pectoralis N87
  V. senegallus JT12
  V. superciliosus JT12
  V. tectus JT12 [=Sarciophorus tectus RN72a]
  V. tricolor JT12

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Austin, O. L., Jr. 1961. Birds of the World: A survey of the twenty-seven orders and one hundred and fifty-five families. Paul Hamlyn: London.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[N87] North, A. J. 1887. List of references to authentic descriptions of Australian birds' eggs. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1163–1174.

[R87] Ramsay, E. P. 1887. List of Western Australian birds collected by Mr. Cairn, and Mr. W. H. Boyer-Bower, at Derby and its vicinity, with remarks on the species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1085–1100.

[RN72a] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds) 1972a. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 1. London, Blandford Press.

[RN72b] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds.) 1972b. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 2. Blandford Press: London.

[SS66] Sclater, P. L., & O. Salvin. 1866. Catalogue of birds collected by Mr. E. Bartlett on the River Uyacali, Eastern Peru, with notes and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 175–201.

[SU93] Sonobe, K., & S. Usui (eds.) 1993. A Field Guide to the Waterbirds of Asia. Wild Bird Society of Japan: Tokyo.

[S05] Steinheimer, F. D. 2005. Eduard Rüppel’s avian types at the Natural History Museum, Tring (Aves). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 233–264.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

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