Eurasian oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus, copyright Bjørn Christian Tørrissen.

Belongs within: Charadriiformes.

Haematopus, the oystercatchers, are a cosmopolitan genus of primarily coastal birds that feed in loose flocks. Oystercatchers have black and white or all black plumage, a very long, straight reddish bill, a squat body and pinkish-red legs. The Eurasian oystercatcher H. ostralegus of Eurasia and northern Africa has a black head and neck, black upperparts and predominantly white underparts.

<==Haematopus Linnaeus 1758 [=Ostralega Brisson 1760; Haematopodidae, Haematopodinae, Ostralegidae] CC10
    |  i. s.: H. fuliginosus Gould 1845 [incl. H. unicolor bernieri Mathews 1912] WS48
    |           |--H. f. fuliginosus M03
    |           `--H. f. ophthalmicus M03
    |         H. longirostris (Vieillot 1817) CC10 [=H. ostralegus longirostris WS48; incl. H. picatus King 1826 CC10]
    |         H. meadewaldoi [=H. ostralegus meadewaldoi] CG99
    |         H. moquini JT12
    |         H. niger Pallas 1811 CC10
    |         H. sulcatus (Brodkorb 1955) U93
    |--+--*H. ostralegus Linnaeus 1758 CC10, JT12, CC10 [=*Ostralega ostralega CC10]
    |  `--+--H. chathamensis Hartert 1927 JT12, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
    |     `--+--H. finschi Martens 1897 JT12, CC10 [=H. ostralegus finschi CC10]
    |        `--H. unicolor Forster in Lichtenstein 1844 JT12, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
    `--+--H. leucopodus JT12
       `--+--H. ater Vieillot & Oudart 1825 JT12, ME04
          `--+--H. bachmani JT12
             `--H. palliatus JT12

Haematopus chathamensis Hartert 1927 JT12, CC10 [=H. ostralegus chathamensis CC10, H. longirostris chathamensis CC10, H. unicolor chathamensis CC10]

Haematopus unicolor Forster in Lichtenstein 1844 JT12, CC10 [=H. niger unicolor CC10, H. ostralegus unicolor CC10; incl. H. niger Ellman 1861 non Pallas 1811 CC10, H. oceanicus Bonaparte 1856 CC10, H. reischeki Rothschild 1899 CC10, H. unicolor reischeki CC10]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[CG99] Carlton, J. T., J. B. Geller, M. L. Reaka-Kudla & E. A. Norse. 1999. Historical extinctions in the sea. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30: 315–338.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[ME04] Mayr, G., & P. G. P. Ericson. 2004. Evidence for a sister group relationship between the Madagascan mesites (Mesitornithidae) and the cuckoos (Cuculidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 84 (1–2): 1–17.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[U93] Unwin, D. M. 1993. Aves. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 717–737. Chapman & Hall: London.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

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