Australian coot Fulica atra australis with chick, copyright Bernard Spragg.

Belongs within: Gallinula.

Fulica, the coots, are a cosmopolitan genus of strongly swimming rails with a well-developed frontal shield and broad lateral lobes on the toes.

<==Fulica Linnaeus 1758 CC10 (see below for synonymy)
    |  i. s.: F. chathamensis Forbes 1892 [=*Nesophalaris chathamensis] CC10
    |         F. newtoni Milne-Edwards 1867 L98 [=*Palaeolimnas newtoni CC10]
    |         F. prisca Hamilton 1893 CC10 [=F. chathamensis prisca GM91, Nesophalaris prisca CC10]
    |         F. spinosa Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--F. rufifrons Philippi & Landbeck 1861 L98
    `--+--F. cornuta Bonaparte 1853 JT12, L98 [=*Lycornis cornuta L98]
       `--+--+--F. armillata Vieillot 1817 JT12, L98
          |  `--F. gigantea Eydoux & Souleyet 1841 JT12, L98 [=*Phalaria gigantea L98]
          `--+--*F. atra Linnaeus 1758 G-RGT14
             |    |--F. a. atra CC10
             |    `--F. a. australis Gould 1845 (see below for synonymy) CC10
             `--+--F. cristata Gmelin 1789 G-RGT14
                `--+--+--F. ardesiaca Tschudi 1843 G-RGT14 [incl. F. atrura L98]
                   |  `--F. leucoptera Vieillot 1817 G-RGT14
                   `--+--F. alai Peale 1848 G-RGT14 [=F. americana alai USDI77]
                      `--+--F. americana Gmelin 1789 JT12, L98 [incl. F. columbiana L98]
                         `--F. caribaea Ridgway 1884 L98

Fulica Linnaeus 1758 CC10 [incl. Lycornis Bonaparte 1856 L98, Nesophalaris Brodkorb & Dawson 1962 CC10, Palaeolimnas Forbes 1893 CC10, Phalaria Reichenbach 1853 L98]

Fulica atra australis Gould 1845 [incl. F. atra ingrami Mathews 1912, F. tasmanica Grant 1846, F. atra tasmanica] CC10

*Type species of generic name indicated


[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[G-RGT14] Garcia-R, J. C., G. C. Gibb & S. A. Trewick. 2014. Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 96–108.

[GM91] Gill, B., & P. Martinson. 1991. New Zealand’s Extinct Birds. Random Century: Auckland (New Zealand).

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[L98] Livezey, B. C. 1998. A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B—Biological Sciences 353: 2077–2151.

[USDI77] USDI (United States Department of the Interior). 1977. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants—republication of list of species. Federal Register 42: 36420–36431.

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