Bald eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus, copyright Andy Morffew.

Belongs within: Accipitridae.

Haliaeetus, the sea eagles, is a genus of large eagles found in the Old World and North America that feed predominantly on fish; species commonly have white heads, white tails and/or yellow beaks and feet.

<==Haliaeetus Savigny 1809 [=Haliaetus Vieillot 1818; incl. Blagrus Blyth 1846; Haliaeetinae] CC10
    |  i. s.: H. piscator Milne-Edwards 1871 [=Haliaetus (l. c.) piscator] M02
    |--+--H. leucoryphus LM05
    |  |--H. pelagicus (Pallas 1811) LM05, I92
    |  `--+--H. albicilla (Linnaeus 1758) LM05, M02 (see below for synonymy)
    |     |    |--H. a. albicilla USDI77
    |     |    `--H. a. greenlandicus USDI77
    |     `--H. leucocephalus LM05 [incl. Ichthyophaga australis Harrison & Walker 1973 WH02, H. australis CC10]
    `--+--+--H. leucogaster (Gmelin 1788) LM05, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
       |  `--H. sanfordi LM05
       `--+--+--H. vocifer LM05
          |  `--H. vociferoides LM05
          `--Ichthyophaga LM05
               |--I. humilis LM05
               `--I. ichthyaetus LM05

Inorganic: Haliaeetus pelagicus minilorientalus Okamura 1987 O87

Haliaeetus albicilla (Linnaeus 1758) LM05, M02 [=Falco albicilla M02; incl. Haliaetus angustipes Jánossy 1983 M02, Haliaeetus brevipes (l. c.) M02, *Haliaeetus nisus CC10]

Haliaeetus leucogaster (Gmelin 1788) LM05, CC10 [=Falco leucogaster CC10, Haliaetus leucogaster CC10, Ichthyaetus leucogaster CC10; incl. *Blagrus dimidiatus CC10, Haliaeetus leucogaster pallidus Mathews 1912 CC10, Haliaeetus sphenurus Gould 1838 CC10]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[LM05] Lerner, H. R. L., & D. P. Mindell. 2005. Phylogeny of eagles, Old World vultures, and other Accipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 327–346.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[O87] Okamura, C. 1987. New facts: Homo and all Vertebrata were born simultaneously in the former Paleozoic in Japan. Original Report of the Okamura Fossil Laboratory 15: 347–573.

[USDI77] USDI (United States Department of the Interior). 1977. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants—republication of list of species. Federal Register 42: 36420–36431.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

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