Common cuckoo Cuculus canorus, copyright Ron Knight.

Belongs within: Cuculinae.

Cuculus is a genus of Old World cuckoos with dark grey or black heads and upperparts and usually a barred breast.

<==Cuculus Linnaeus 1758 CC10
    |--+--C. fugax JT12
    |  |    |--C. f. fugax VP89
    |  |    `--C. f. nisicolor VP89
    |  `--+--C. sparverioides JT12
    |     `--C. varius JT12
    `--+--C. clamosus JT12
       `--+--C. solitarius JT12
          `--+--+--C. crassirostris JT12
             |  `--C. poliocephalus JT12
             `--+--C. micropterus JT12
                `--+--+--C. gularis JT12 [=C. canorus gularis RN72b]
                   |  `--C. rochii JT12 [=C. poliocephalus rochii RN72a]
                   `--+--*C. canorus Linnaeus 1758 CC10, JT12, ME04
                      |    |--C. c. canorus VP89
                      |    |--C. c. bakeri RN72b
                      |    |--C. c. bangsi RN72b
                      |    |--C. c. fallax VP89
                      |    |--C. c. johanseni RN72b
                      |    |--C. c. kleinschmidti RN72b
                      |    |--C. c. subtelephonus RN72b
                      |    `--C. c. telephonus RN72b
                      `--+--C. saturatus Hodgson 1843 JT12, CC10
                         `--C. vagans JT12 [=Hierococcyx vagans BKB15]

Cuculus incertae sedis:
  C. americanus Linnaeus 1758 L58
  C. auratus Linnaeus 1758 L58
  C. cineraceus R66
  C. csarnotanus Jánossy 1979 M02
  C. glandarius Linnaeus 1758 L58
  C. inornatus R87
  C. lepidus JT12
  C. niger Linnaeus 1758 L58
  C. optatus Gould 1845 (see below for synonymy) CC10
  C. persa Linnaeus 1758 L58
  C. vetula Linnaeus 1758 L58

Cuculus optatus Gould 1845 [=C. saturatus optatus; incl. C. horsfieldi Moore 1858, C. saturatus horsfieldi] CC10

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[ME04] Mayr, G., & P. G. P. Ericson. 2004. Evidence for a sister group relationship between the Madagascan mesites (Mesitornithidae) and the cuckoos (Cuculidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 84 (1–2): 1–17.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[R66] Ramsay, E. P. 1866. Notes on the most frequent fosterparents of the cuckoos of Australia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 571–577.

[R87] Ramsay, E. P. 1887. List of Western Australian birds collected by Mr. Cairn, and Mr. W. H. Boyer-Bower, at Derby and its vicinity, with remarks on the species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1085–1100.

[RN72a] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds) 1972a. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 1. London, Blandford Press.

[RN72b] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds.) 1972b. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 2. Blandford Press: London.

[VP89] Viney, C., & K. Phillipps. 1989. Birds of Hong Kong 5th ed. Government Printer: Hong Kong.

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