Male Diadegma insularis, copyright Andrei Sourakov.

Belongs within: Ichneumonidae.

The Campoplegini are a group of ichneumon wasps that are solitary endoparasites of holometabolous insect larvae, mostly Lepidoptera (Gauld 1984).

Characters (from Gauld 1984): Small to moderately large, fore wing length 2–12 mm; head and body often granulate, weakly polished and usually predominantly black and red or black in colour, rarely polished and brighter coloured. Clypeus rather weakly separated from face by groove, with margin thin or blunt, usually weakly arcuate, less commonly truncate or with a vestige of a median apical tooth; mandible fairly evenly bidentate, often with a ventral flange; male flagellum without tyloids. Sternaulus absent or short; posterior transverse carina of mesosternum usually complete; propodeum usually with some carinae, often with areae superomedia and petiolaris confluent, forming a long, somewhat inverted U- or V-shaped area, sometimes with carinae reduced and/or with a median longitudinal furrow. Apical edge of fore tibia usually without a tooth on outer side; tarsal claws usually pectinate, sometimes simple, never lobate. Fore wing with 3r-m present or absent, when present enclosing a more or less rhombic or obliquely quadrangular areolet which is often petiolate above; hind wing with Rs from slightly longer than to shorter than r-m; distal abscissa of Cu1 usually absent or weak. First tergite of gaster long, usually more or less cylindrical, anteriorly with slender petiole, only slightly broadened posteriorly; petiolar spiracles far behind centre of tergite, with or without a glymma; gaster laterally compressed, at least in the posterior part of females and often very strongly so for its whole length; tergites 2-4 usually with very weak microsculpture, without coarse punctures, grooves or furrow (except for thyridia); ovipositor short to moderately long, when projecting beyond apex of gaster usually up-curved; apex of ovipositor always with a dorsal subapical notch, often without a nodus and with indistinct apical teeth.

<==Campoplegini [Macrini, Porizontini] G84
    |--Scenocharops G84
    |--Phobocampe G84
    |--Rhachioplex G84
    |--Kartika G84
    |--Urvashia G84
    |--Menaka G84
    |--Dusona G84
    |    |--*D. stramineipes G84
    |    `--D. egregia HR11
    |--Lemophagus G84
    |--Microcharops G84
    |--Porizon harpurus MS01
    |--Eucaphila Gauld 1984 G84
    |    `--*E. vulgaris Gauld 1984 G84
    |--Neolophron Gauld 1984 G84
    |    `--*N. canberrai Gauld 1984 G84
    |--Picacharops Gauld 1984 G84
    |    `--*P. brevithorax Gauld 1984 G84
    |--Slenda Gauld 1984 G84
    |    `--*S. ocypeta Gauld 1984 G84
    |--Sliochia Gauld 1976 G84
    |    `--*S. bala G84
    |--Melalophacharops Uchida 1928 [incl. Dichelobosmina Uchida 1928] G84
    |    |--*M. tamanukii G84
    |    `--‘Charops’ papilionis [incl. *Dichelobosmina tuberculata] G84
    |--Nepiera Foerster 1869 [incl. Asinamora Foerster 1869] G84
    |    |--‘Ichneumon’ collector [=*Asinamora collector; incl. Limneria concinna, *Nepiera concinna] G84
    |    `--N. sidnica G84
    |--Xanthocampoplex Morley 1913 G84
    |    |--‘Zachresta’ nigromaculata [incl. *Xanthocampoplex orientalis Morley 1913] G84
    |    `--X. luteus G84 [incl. X. regis Girault 1925 G84, G25]
    |--Enytus Cameron 1905 [incl. Dioctes Foerster 1869 non Ménétriés 1849, Inareolata Ellinger & Sachtleben 1928] G84
    |    |--*E. maculipes G84
    |    |--‘Campoplex’ exareolatus [=*Dioctes exareolatus, *Inareolata exareolata] G84
    |    `--‘Bosmina’ rapi [=Dioctes rapi] G33
    |--Sinophorus Foerster 1869 [incl. Campopletidea Viereck 1912, Eulimneria Schmiedeknecht 1907] G84
    |    |--*S. canarsiae [=Limneria canarsiae] G84
    |    |--‘Ichneumon’ albidus [=*Eulimneria albida] G84
    |    `--‘Campoplex’ caradrinae [=*Campopletidea caradrinae] G84
    |--Cymodusa G84
    |    |--C. cruentata MS01
    |    |--C. elegans Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901 MS01
    |    |--C. leucocera MS01
    |    `--C. pulchricornis Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901 MS01
    |--Charops Holmgren 1859 [incl. Gongropelma Enderlein 1921, Zacharops Viereck 1912] G84
    |    |--‘Ichneumon’ cantator [incl. Campoplex decipiens, *Charops decipiens] G84
    |    |--C. annulipes [=*Zacharops annulipes] G84
    |    |--‘Agrypon’ bicolor [incl. *Gongropelma formosanum] G84
    |    `--C. pulchripes G84
    |--Campoletis Foerster 1869 (see below for synonymy) G84
    |    |--*C. tibiator [=Mesoleptus tibiator] G84
    |    |--‘Ichneumon’ dilatator [incl. Campoplex declinator, *Sagaritis declinator, *Sagaritopsis declinator] G84
    |    |--‘Campoplex’ rapax [=*Anilastus rapax] G84
    |    |--C. tasmaniensis G84
    |    `--‘Campoplex’ viennensis [=*Echphora viennensis, *Ecphoropsis viennensis] G84
    |--Venturia Schrottky 1902 (see below for synonymy) G84
    |    |--*V. argentina G84
    |    |--*Balcarcia’ bergi G84
    |    |--V. canescens G84 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--*Devorgilla’ dilatata G84
    |    `--*Notamorphota’ timocraticae G84
    |--Hyposoter Foerster 1869 (see below for synonymy) G84
    |    |--*H. parorgyiae [=Limnerium parorgyiae] G84
    |    |--H. bombycivorus G84
    |    |--H. didymator P93
    |    |--‘Banchus’ fugitivus [=*Ameloctonus fugitivus] G84
    |    |--*Neozachresta’ havrylenkoi G84
    |    |--*Rhythmonotus’ singularis G84
    |    `--*Ischnoscopus’ synchlorae G84
    |--Olesicampe Förster 1869 G84 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--*O. longipes [=Ichneumon longipes, *Limneria longipes, *Limnerium longipes] G84
    |    |--‘Limneria’ albida MS01
    |    |--O. benefactor Hinz 1969 HP-W05
    |    |--‘Limneria’ cothurnata [=*Holocremnus cothurnatus] G84
    |    |--‘Limneria’ fuscicarpa MS01
    |    |--O. geniculata Quednau & Lim 1983 HP-W05
    |    |--*Omoborus’ kincaidi G84
    |    |--*Zaplatystoma’ typicum G84
    |    `--O. vexata (Holmgren 1860) HP-W05
    |--Campoplex Gravenhorst 1829 (see below for synonymy) G84
    |    |--*C. difformis [=Ichneumon difformis; incl. Limneria mutabilis, *Omorgus mutabilis] G84
    |    |--‘Tranosema’ bicolor [=*Zatranosema bicolor] G84
    |    |--‘Porizon’ borealis [=*Dioratica borealis] G84
    |    |--C. calamae G84
    |    |--C. circumpectus MS01
    |    |--‘Omorga’ difformis MS01
    |    |--C. dubiosus MS01
    |    |--C. melampus MS01
    |    |--‘Mesoleptus’ porrectus [=*Pseuderipternoides porrectus] G84
    |    `--‘Omorga’ unicincta Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901 MS01
    |--Eriborus Foerster 1869 (see below for synonymy) G84
    |    |--*E. perfidus [=Campoplex perfidus] G84
    |    |--E. argenteopilosus G84
    |    |--‘Campoplex’ dorsalis [=*Zaporus dorsalis] G84
    |    |--E. iavilai G84
    |    |--E. molestae G84
    |    |--*Neobosmina’ pilosella G84
    |    |--E. sinicus G84
    |    |--*Bosmina’ spinipes [=*Hymenobosmina spinipes] G84
    |    |--E. terebrans G84
    |    `--E. trochanteratus G84
    |--Delopia Cameron 1903 (see below for synonymy) G84
    |    |--*D. cariniscutis G84
    |    |--‘Campoplex’ americana [=*Pseudocasinaria americana] G84
    |    |--D. extranea [=Dusona extranea] G84
    |    |--*Zachrestinus’ fractocristatus G84
    |    |--D. negata [=Dusona negata] G84
    |    |--‘Campoplex’ oxyacanthae [=*Campoplegidea oxyacanthae] G84
    |    |--*Neodelopia’ pauliani G84
    |    |--‘Campoplex’ photomorphus [=*Idiosomidea photomorpha] G84
    |    |--*Thymarimorpha’ platygastra G84
    |    |--D. pyratanes G84
    |    |--‘Campoplex’ villosus [=*Anisitsia villosa, *Viereckiana villosa] G84
    |    `--D. wilsoni [=Dusona wilsoni] G84
    |--Casinaria Holmgren 1859 (see below for synonymy) G84
    |    |--*C. tenuiventris [=Campoplex tenuiventris, *Campotrephus tenuiventris, *Horogenes tenuiventris] G84
    |    |--‘Campoplex’ genuinus [=*Neonortonia genuina] G84
    |    |--*Zastenogastra’ graciliventris G84
    |    |--C. grandis [incl. Campoplex texanus, *Fiebrigia texana] G84
    |    |--*Deltops’ granulicoxis G84
    |    |--‘Limneria’ infesta [incl. *Anempheres diaphaniae] G84
    |    |--*Zastenomorpha’ lamina G84
    |    |--‘Limneria’ limentidis [incl. *Amorphota orgyiae] G84
    |    |--*Nothanomaloides’ matsuyamensis [=*Longicharops matsuyamensis] G84
    |    |--C. meridionalis G84
    |    |--‘Campoplex’ mesozostus [=*Trophocampa mesozosta] G84
    |    |--C. monticola [=*Casinariodes monticola] G84
    |    |--*Nothanomalon’ novoguineensis G84
    |    |--*Neonortoniella’ plusiae G84
    |    `--C. scabra MS01
    `--Diadegma Foerster 1859 (see below for synonymy) G84
         |--*D. crassicornis [=Campoplex crassicornis] G84
         |--D. chrysostictus A71
         |--D. eucerophaga G84
         |--D. fenestralis G84
         |--*Angitia’ glabricula G84
         |--*Areolina’ imbecilla G84
         |--D. insularis G84
         |--‘Angitia’ latungula [=*Pectinella latungula] G84
         |--D. muelleri B88
         |--*Neoarthula’ piersae G84
         |--D. plutellae G84
         |--D. rapi G84
         |--*Nothanomaloides’ stenosomus G84
         |--D. tibialis G84
         `--D. varuna G84

Campoletis Foerster 1869 [incl. Anilasta Thomson 1887, Anilastus Foerster 1869, Echphora Foerster 1869 non Conrad 1843, Ecphoropsis Ashmead 1900, Sagaritis Holmgren 1859 non Billberg 1820, Sagaritopsis Hincks 1944] G84

Campoplex Gravenhorst 1829 [incl. Dioratica Foerster 1869, Omorga Thomson 1887, Omorgus Foerster 1869 non Erichson 1847, Pseuderipternoides Viereck 1917, Zatranosema Viereck 1912] G84

Casinaria Holmgren 1859 [=Campotrephus Foerster 1869, Horogenes Foerster 1869; incl. Amorphota Foerster 1869, Anempheres Foerster 1869, Casinariodes Aubert 1960, Deltops Seyrig 1935, Fiebrigia Viereck 1912, Longicharops Uchida 1940, Neonortonia Viereck 1912, Neonortoniella Blanchard 1947, Nothanomaloides Uchida 1928 non Viereck 1925, Nothanomalon Szépligeti 1905, Trophocampa Schmiedeknecht 1907, Zastenogastra Viereck 1925, Zastenomorpha Viereck 1921] G84

Delopia Cameron 1903 [incl. Anisitsia Viereck 1912 non Eigermann 1903, Campoplegidea Viereck 1912, Idiosomidea Viereck 1925, Neodelopia Benoit 1957, Pseudocasinaria Viereck 1912, Thymarimorpha Viereck 1913, Viereckiana Strand 1914, Zachrestinus Enderlein 1921] G84

Diadegma Foerster 1859 [incl. Angitia Holmgren 1859 non Walker 1858, Areolina Enderlein 1921, Neoarthula Rao 1953, Nothanomaloides Viereck 1925, Pectinella Morley 1915 non Verrill 1897] G84

Eriborus Foerster 1869 [incl. Bosmina Cameron 1899 non Baird 1845, Hymenobosmina Dalla Torre 1901, Neobosmina Cameron 1906, Zaporus Foerster 1869] G84

Hyposoter Foerster 1869 [incl. Ameloctonus Foerster 1869, Ischnoscopus Foerster 1869, Neozachresta Havrylenko & Winterhalter 1949, Rhythmonotus Foerster 1869] G84

Olesicampe Förster 1869 G84 [=Limneria Holmgren 1859 non Adams 1851 G84, Limnerium Ashmead 1900 G84, Olesicampa Thomson 1887 G84; incl. Holocremna Thomson 1887 G84, Holocremnus Foerster 1869 G84, Omoborus Foerster 1869 G84, Zaplatystoma Viereck 1925 G84]

Venturia Schrottky 1902 [incl. Balcarcia Brèthes 1922, Devorgilla Cameron 1907, Exidechthis Walkley 1958, Idechthis Foerster 1869 non Hübner 1821, Notamorphota Blanchard 1947] G84

Venturia canescens G84 [=Devorgilla canescens A71, Nemeritis canescens A71; incl. V. australicus G84, V. christianae G84, V. ephestia G84, V. insularis G84, *Idechthis oahuensis G84, *Exidechthis oahuensis]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[G84] Gauld, I. D. 1984. An Introduction to the Ichneumonidae of Australia. British Museum (Natural History).

[G25] Girault, A. A. 1925. An essay on when a fly is lovable, the ceremony of baptizing some and unlovely hate. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 187–190).

[G33] Girault, A. A. 1933. Some beauties inhabitant not of commercial boudoirs but of Nature’s bosom, notably new insects. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 299–303).

[HP-W05] Heitland, W., & H. Pschorn-Walcher. 2005. Biology and parasitoids of the peculiar alder sawfly, Platycampus luridiventris (Fallen) (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 215–231.

[HR11] Heraty, J., F. Ronquist, J. M. Carpenter, D. Hawks, S. Schulmeister, A. P. Dowling, D. Murray, J. Munro, W. C. Wheeler, N. Schiff & M. Sharkey. 2011. Evolution of the hymenopteran megaradiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60: 73–88.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[P93] Pittaway, A. R. 1993. The Hawkmoths of the Western Palaearctic. Harley Books: Colchester.

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