Gorytes

Gorytes laticinctus, copyright Jeremy Early.


Belongs within: Gorytini.

Gorytes is a genus of medium-sized to large wasps found in Eurasia, North America and Africa that provision their nests with leafhoppers (Auchenorrhyncha) (Bohart & Menke 1976).

Characters (from Bohart & Menke 1976): Medium-sized to fairly large wasps; inner eye margins converging below, often strongly; mandible usually with two inner subteeth; labrum inconspicuous; male flagellomeres often with tyli but last four articles not specially modified; pronotal collar rather thin, rounded, nearly even all across, not closely adherent to scutum; female foretarsal rake well developed, fore basitarsus with two long setae before apex; female arolia usually nearly equal in size; posterolateral oblique scutal carina present; prescutellar sulcus foveate; episternal sulcus when well impressed ending on scrobal sulcus which is continued forward in nearly a straight line to omaulus; acetabular carina incomplete or obscure; sternaulus complete or essentially so; forewing costal margin gently or sometimes strongly bowed out near base, media diverging before cu-a, stigma moderate, veinlet of submarginal cell II between recurrents about one-fourth posterior length of submarginal cell I; jugal lobe considerably larger than tegula, hindwing media generally diverging before cu-a but in some species at or a little beyond it; midtibia with two apical spurs; propodeal enclosure either extensively sculptured or longitudinally ridged, ridges sometimes confined to a frontal strip; spiracular groove present, usually distinct; gaster tapering toward base, sometimes nearly pedunculate; male with seven terga normally exposed, sterna without fimbriae, sternum VIII narrowly blade shaped, often minutely notched at apex; female pygidial plate variable, flat, usually long.

Gorytes Latreille 1804 (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |--*G. quinquecinctus (Fabricius 1793) BM76 (see below for synonymy)
    |--G. africanus Mercet 1905 BM76
    |--G. aino Tsuneki 1963 BM76
    |--G. albidulus (Lepeletier 1832) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |--G. albosignatus Fox 1892 BM76
    |--G. ambiguus Handlirsch 1888 BM76
    |--G. angustus (Provancher 1895) [=Hoplisus angustus; incl. H. angustatus Ashmead 1899] BM76
    |--‘Hoplisus’ archoryctes Cockerell 1922 BM76
    |--G. atricornis Packard 1867 (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |--G. atrifrons Fox 1892 BM76
    |--G. browni GS61
    |--G. canaliculatus Packard 1867 (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |--G. cochisensis Bohart 1971 BM76
    |--G. cribratus Morawitz 1892 BM76
    |--G. deceptor Krombein 1958 BM76
    |--G. dorothyae Krombein 1950 BM76
    |    |--G. d. dorothyae BM76
    |    `--G. d. russeolus Krombein 1954 BM76
    |--G. eous Gussakovskij 1933 BM76
    |--G. fallax Handlirsch 1888 BM76
    |--G. flagellatus Bohart 1971 BM76
    |--G. flaviventris Morawitz 1894 BM76
    |--G. foveolatus Handlirsch 1888 (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |--G. hakutozanus Tsuneki 1963 BM76
    |--G. harbinensis Tsuneki 1967 BM76
    |--G. hebraeus Beaumont 1953 BM76
    |--G. heptapotamiensis Kazenas 1972 BM76
    |--G. intrudens Nurse 1903 BM76
    |--G. jonesi (Turner 1920) [=Arpactus jonesi] BM76
    |--G. koreanus Handlirsch 1888 BM76
    |--G. kulingensis (Yasumatsu 1943) [=Hoplisus kulingensis] BM76
    |--G. laticinctus (Lepeletier 1832) [=*Euspongus laticinctus] BM76
    |--G. limbellus Bohart 1971 BM76
    |--G. maculicornis (Morawitz 1889) [=Hoplisus maculicornis] BM76
    |--G. mcateei Krombein & Bohart in Krombein 1962 K62
    |--G. melpomene (Arnold 1936) [=Arpactus melpomene] BM76
    |--G. mongolicus Tsuneki 1970 BM76
    |--G. mystaceus MS01
    |--G. neglectus Handlirsch 1895 BM76
    |--G. nevadensis Fox 1892 BM76
    |--G. nigrifacies (Mocsáry 1879) [=Hoplisus nigrifacies] BM76
    |--G. pieli Yasumatsu 1943 BM76
    |--G. planifrons (Wesmael 1852) [=Hoplisus planifrons] BM76
    |--G. pleuripunctatus (Costa 1859) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |--G. p. pleuripunctatus BM76
    |    `--G. p. barbarus Beaumont 1953 BM76
    |--G. procrustes Handlirsch 1888 BM76
    |--G. prosopis Bohart 1971 BM76
    |--G. provancheri Handlirsch 1895 (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |--G. proximus Handlirsch 1893 BM76
    |--G. quadrifasciatus (Fabricius 1804) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |--G. quinquefasciatus (Panzer 1798) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |--G. q. quinquefasciatus BM76
    |    `--G. q. levantinus Pulawski 1961 BM76
    |--G. radoszkowskyi Handlirsch 1888 BM76
    |--G. schlettereri Handlirsch 1893 BM76
    |    |--G. s. schlettereri BM76
    |    `--G. s. ponticus Beaumont 1967 BM76
    |--G. schmiedeknechtii Handlirsch 1888 BM76
    |--G. sepultus (Cockerell 1906) [=Hoplisus sepultus] BM76
    |--G. simillimus Smith 1856 [incl. G. ephippiatus Packard 1867, G. gyponacinus Rohwer 1911] BM76
    |--G. sogdianus Gussakovskij 1952 BM76
    |--G. sulcifrons (Costa 1869) [=Hoplisus sulcifrons; incl. H. laevigatus Kohl 1880] BM76
    |--G. takeuchii Tsuneki 1963 BM76
    |--G. tricinctus (Pérez 1905) [=Hoplisus tricinctus] BM76
    |--G. umatillae Bohart 1971 [incl. G. vicinus Handlirsch 1893 non Euspongus vicinus Lepeletier 1832] BM76
    `--G. verhoeffi Tsuneki 1967 BM76

Gorytes Latreille 1804 [=Euzonia Stephens 1829, Hoplisus Lepeletier 1832; incl. Arpactus Panzer 1805, Euspongus Lepeletier 1832] BM76

Gorytes albidulus (Lepeletier 1832) [=Hoplisus albidulus; incl. Euspongus albilabris Lepeletier 1832, Mellinus dissectus Panzer 1801 non Panzer 1801, Gorytes elegans Smith 1856 non Lepeletier 1832] BM76

Gorytes atricornis Packard 1867 [incl. G. decorus Fox 1895, Hoplisus elegantulus Smith 1908, G. rugosus Packard 1867] BM76

Gorytes canaliculatus Packard 1867 [incl. G. asperatus Fox 1895, Hoplisus corrugis Mickel 1918, G. geminus Handlirsch 1888] BM76

Gorytes foveolatus Handlirsch 1888 [incl. G. dichrous Mercet 1906, G. longicornis Handlirsch 1898 non Sphex longicornis Rossi 1790, G. rubrocinctulus Strand 1910, G. usurpator Schulz 1906] BM76

Gorytes pleuripunctatus (Costa 1859) [=Hoplisus pleuripunctatus; incl. G. fraternus Mercet 1906, H. tirolensis Kohl 1880] BM76

Gorytes provancheri Handlirsch 1895 [incl. G. laticinctus Provancher 1888 non Euspongus laticinctus Lepeletier 1832] BM76

Gorytes quadrifasciatus (Fabricius 1804) [=Mellinus quadrifasciatus, *Arpactus quadrifasciatus; incl. Hoplisus montivagus Mocsáry 1878, Euspongus vicinus Lepeletier 1832] BM76

*Gorytes quinquecinctus (Fabricius 1793) BM76 [=Mellinus quinquecinctus BM76, Ceropales quinquecinctus L02, *Euzonia quinquecincta BM76, *Hoplisus quinquecinctus BM76; incl. Mellinus arenarius Panzer 1798 BM76, Crabro calceatus Rossi 1794 BM76, Gorytes cinctus Latreille 1805 BM76, G. ruficornis Latreille 1805 BM76, Hoplisus sinuatus Costa 1869 BM76]

Gorytes quinquefasciatus (Panzer 1798) [=Mellinus quinquefasciatus; incl. Hoplisus anceps Mocsáry 1879, H. eburneus Chevrier 1870, H. geminatus Costa 1869, Gorytes intercedens Handlirsch 1893, H. lacordairei Lepeletier 1845, G. mauretanicus Handlirsch 1898] BM76

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[GS61] Giordani Soika, A. 1961. Gli Odynerus sensu antiquo del continente Australiano e della Tasmania. Boll. Mus. Civ. Venezia 14: 57–202.

[K62] Krombein, K. V. 1962. Natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. XIII. Descriptions of new wasps from Plummers Island, Maryland, (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 1–18.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

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