Sphaerobunus singularis, from Mello-Leitão (1935).

Belongs within: Gonyleptidae.

Sphaerobunus is a genus of gonyleptid harvestmen found in southern Brazil, males of which possess a large transverse apical apophysis on coxa IV and a comb of very long spines on femur IV.

Characters (from Kury 2003): Femur IV of male with internal sinusoid comb of very long spines; coxa IV of male with long, transverse apical outer apophysis; free tergites II–III of female with stout unpaired cones.

<==Sphaerobunus Roewer 1917 (see below for synonymy) K03
    |--*S. rhinoceros Roewer 1917 K03
    |--S. alticola (Mello-Leitão 1922) (see below for synonymy) K03
    |--S. editus (Roewer 1943) (see below for synonymy) K03
    |--S. fallax (Mello-Leitão 1932) (see below for synonymy) K03
    |--S. fulvigranulatus (Mello-Leitão 1922) (see below for synonymy) K03
    |--S. marmoratus (Mello-Leitão 1940) [=Progonyleptes marmoratus] K03
    |--S. pictus (Piza 1942) (see below for synonymy) K03
    |--S. pulcher (Mello-Leitão 1922) (see below for synonymy) K03
    |--S. singularis (Mello-Leitão 1935) (see below for synonymy) K03
    `--S. variolosus (Mello-Leitão 1940) [=*Monocerodynus variolosus; incl. Xenoleptes nigrimanus Mello-Leitão 1942] K03

Sphaerobunus Roewer 1917 [incl. Acanthogonyleptes Mello-Leitão 1922, Adelphobunus Mello-Leitão 1935, Bocaina Piza 1943, Caldasiella Mello-Leitão 1931, Caxambusia Mello-Leitão 1935, Costalimaiella Mello-Leitão 1931, Costalimarella (l. c.), Diplocaldasius Mello-Leitão 1934, Kaingangoides Piza 1938, Leptogonys Mello-Leitão 1931, Monocerydnus Mello-Leitão 1940, Moreira Roewer 1930, Nygoleptes Mello-Leitão 1931, Paranastus Roewer 1943, Soerensenia Mello-Leitão 126, Soerensia (l. c.), Xenoleptes Mello-Leitão 1942] K03

Sphaerobunus alticola (Mello-Leitão 1922) [=Paragonyleptes alticola, *Moreira alticola; incl. Soerensenia transfasciata Mello-Leitão 1931, Paragonyleptes transfasciatus, Soerensia (l. c.) transfasciata] K03

Sphaerobunus editus (Roewer 1943) [=*Paranastus editus, Paragonyleptes editus; incl. Paragonyleptes serranus Soares 1945] K03

Sphaerobunus fallax (Mello-Leitão 1932) [=Metagonyleptes fallax, Paragonyleptes fallax; incl. *Leptogonys marmoratus Mello-Leitão 1932 non Progonyleptes marmoratus Mello-Leitão 1940, Pa. marmoratus] K03

Sphaerobunus fulvigranulatus (Mello-Leitão 1922) [=Paragonyleptes fulvigranulatus, *Soerensenia fulvigranulata; incl. *Costalimaiella conspicua Mello-Leitão 1931, Gonyperna incus Piza 1943, *Caldasiella nigra Mello-Leitão 1931, Paragonyleptes niger, P. nigrus, *Diplocaldasius pallidus Mello-Leitão 1934, *Kaingangoides pardalis Piza 1938, Paragonyleptes pardalis, Caldasiella pustulosa Mello-Leitão 1939, P. pustulosus, Metagonyleptes pygoplus Mello-Leitão 1932, P. triacanthus Mello-Leitão 1922] K03

Sphaerobunus pictus (Piza 1942) [=Paragonyleptes pictus; incl. Caldasiella marmorata Mello-Leitão 1933 (nom. inval.) non Leptogonys marmoratus Mello-Leitão 1932] K03

Sphaerobunus pulcher (Mello-Leitão 1922) [=*Acanthogonyleptes pulcher, Paragonyleptes pulcher; incl. Moreira albicirculata Roewer 1943, P. albicirculatus, *Nygoleptes ornatus Mello-Leitão 1931] K03

Sphaerobunus singularis (Mello-Leitão 1935) [=*Adelphobunus singularis; incl. *Bocaina marmorata Piza 1943 nec Leptogonys marmoratus Mello-Leitão 1932 nec Caldasiella marmorata Mello-Leitão 1933 nec Progonyleptes marmoratus Mello-Leitão 1940, Adelphobunus pulcher Mello-Leitão 1935 non Acanthogonyleptes pulcher Mello-Leitão 1935, Caxambusia variegata Mello-Leitão 1935] K03

Sphaerobunus soaresi (Mello-Leitão 1944) [=Paragonyleptes soaresi; incl. Caldasiella anomala Soares 1942 (nom. inval.), Paragonyleptes anomalus non Mello-Leitão 1922] K03

*Type species of generic name indicated


[K03] Kury, A. B. 2003. Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, volumen especial monográfico 1: 1–337.

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