Unedogemmula

Unedogemmula unedo, copyright Eng's Auctions.


Belongs within: Conoidea.

Unedogemmula is a group of relatively large conoids found in warm waters of the Indo-west Pacific (Powell 1966).

Characters (from Powell 1966): Shell large, 30–105 mm, fusiform, with tall spire and long straight unnotched anterior canal. Protoconch multispiral, narrowly conic, typically smooth of 3–3.5 whorls, terminating in half-whorl of brephic axials, varying to two whorls smooth followed by two axially costate. Sinus peripheral, a deep and narrow slit at the termination of a sinus rib formed of two, sometimes three, sharply raised cords. Coloration plain olive-brown, or with irregularly disposed reddish-brown dots on pale ground to larger maculations and axial streaks. Operculum leaf-shaped with terminal nucleus. Radula of modified wishbone-type, consisting of pair of stout hollow-based conical marginals tapering to sharp point.

<==Unedogemmula MacNeil 1961 BK11
    |--*U. unedo (Kiener 1839) P66, MG-H11 (see below for synonymy)
    |--U. bemmeleni (Oostingh 1941) [=Turris (Gemmula) bemmeleni] P66
    |--U. deshayesii (Doumet 1839) [=Pleurotoma deshayesii, Gemmula (Unedogemmula) deshayesii] P66
    |--U. hastula (Reeve 1843) (see below for synonymy) P66
    |--U. haydeni (Vredenburg 1925) [=Pleurotoma haydeni, Gemmula (Unedogemmula) haydeni] P66
    |--U. ickei (Martin 1906) [=Pleurotoma ickei, Gemmula (Unedogemmula) ickei] P66
    |--U. ina MacNeil 1960 [=Gemmula (Unedogemmula) ina] P66
    |--U. indica (Deshayes 1832) [=Pleurotoma indica, Gemmula (Unedogemmula) indica] P66
    |--U. koolhoveni (Oostingh 1938) [=Turris (Gemmula) koolhoveni] P66
    `--U. sondeiana (Martin 1895) [=Pleurotoma sondeina, Gemmula (Unedogemmula) sondeiana] P66

Unedogemmula hastula (Reeve 1843) [=Pleurotoma hastula, Gemmula (Unedogemmula) hastula; incl. P. trypanodes Melvill 1904] P66

*Unedogemmula unedo (Kiener 1839) P66, MG-H11 [=Pleurotoma unedo P66, Gemmula (*Unedogemmula) unedo P66; incl. Turris binda Garrard 1961 P66]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BK11] Bouchet, P., Y. I. Kantor, A. Sysoev & N. Puillandre. 2011. A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda). Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 273–308.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[P66] Powell, A. W. B. 1966. The molluscan families Speightiidae and Turridae: an evaluation of the valid taxa, both Recent and fossil, with lists of characteristic species. Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum 5: 1–184, pls 1–23.

Gemmula (Gemmula)

Gemmula gemmulina, photographed by Jan Delsing.


Belongs within: Conoidea.

The type subgenus of the genus Gemmula is a group of relatively large, tall-spired conoids found in warmer waters (Powell 1966).

Characters (from Powell 1966): Shell rather large, 24–88 mm, elongate-fusiform, with tall spiral and long straight unnotched anterior canal. Protoconch tall, conical, polygyrate, axially costate. Adult sculpture of spiral keels and cords, peripheral keel mostly double, often flanged, always studded with gemmules, often cog-like in vertically fused pairs. Sinus deep and narrow, on peripheral carina. Operculum leaf-shaped, with terminal nucleus. Radula consisting of pair of wishbone-shaped marginals only, or with addition of central tooth which be vestigial to fully formed, unicuspid, with large broad base.

<==Gemmula Weinkauff 1875 (Gemmula) BK11
    |--G. (G.) hindsiana Berry 1958 [incl. Pleurotoma gemmata Reeve 1843 non Hinds 1843, *G. gemmata] P66
    |--G. (G.) aethiopica (Thiele 1925) [=Pleurotoma (G.) aethiopica] P66
    |--G. (G.) alternata (Conrad 1833) [=Pleurotoma alternata] P66
    |--G. (G.) amabilis (Weinkauff 1875) [=Pleurotoma amabilis] P66
    |--G. (G.) bimarginata (Suter 1917) [=Turris bimarginatus] P66
    |--G. (G.) birmanica (Vredenburg 1921) [=Pleurotoma (G.) birmanica] P66
    |--G. (G.) carodenta Harris 1937 P66
    |--G. (G.) clifdenensis Powell 1942 P66
    |--G. (G.) congener (Smith 1894) [=Pleurotoma congener] P66
    |    |--G. c. congener P66
    |    |--G. c. cosmoi (Sykes 1930) [=Turris cosmoi] P66
    |    `--G. c. mekranica (Vredenburg 1925) P66 (see below for synonymy)
    |--G. (G.) dampierana Powell 1964 P66
    |--G. (G.) diomedea Powell 1964 P66, MG-H11 [=G. congener diomedea P66]
    |--G. (G.) disjuncta Laws 1936 P66
    |--G. (G.) ducalis (Thiele 1925) [=Pleurotoma (G.) ducalis] P66
    |--G. (G.) duplex (Suter 1917) [=Turris duplex] P66
    |--G. (G.) gellibrandensis Chapple 1934 P66
    |--G. (G.) gemmulina (Martens 1902) [=Pleurotoma (G.) gemmulina] P66
    |--G. (G.) gilchristi (Sowerby 1902) [=Pleurotoma gilchristi] P66
    |--G. (G.) graeffei (Weinkauff 1875) [=Pleurotoma (G.) graeffei] P66
    |--G. (G.) hawleyi (Iredale 1931) [=*Eugemmula hawleyi] P66
    |--G. (G.) hombroni Hedley 1922 P66 (see below for synonymy)
    |--G. (G.) imitatrix (Martin 1916) [=Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma) imitatrix] P66
    |--G. (G.) iris (Vredenburg 1921) [=Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma) iris] P66
    |--G. (G.) kaiparaensis (Marshall 1918) [=Turris kaiparaensis] P66
    |--G. (G.) karangensis (Martin 1895) [=Pleurotoma karangensis] P66
    |--G. (G.) kieneri (Doumet 1840) [=Pleurotoma kieneri] P66
    |    |--G. k. kieneri P66
    |    `--G. k. ryukyuensis MacNeil 1960 P66
    |--G. (G.) kishimaensis Shuto & Ueda 1963 P66
    |--G. (G.) kotorai (Nomura & Zinbo 1935) [=Turris (G.) kotorai] P66
    |--G. (G.) lawsi Powell 1942 P66
    |--G. (G.) longwoodensis Powell 1942 P66
    |--G. (G.) margaritata (Marshall 1919) [=Turris margaritatus] P66
    |--G. (G.) margaritosa Casey 1904 P66
    |--G. (G.) martini (Tesch 1915) [=Pleurotoma martini; incl. P. (G.) valdiviae Thiele 1925] P66
    |--G. (G.) miocoronifera Powell 1964 P66
    |--G. (G.) monilifera (Pease 1860) [=Turris monilifera; incl. T. aelomitra Dall in Tinker 1952] P66
    |--G. (G.) murrayi Powell 1964 P66
    |--G. (G.) orba Marwick 1931 P66
    |--G. (G.) ornata (Marshall 1918) [=Turris ornatus] P66
    |--G. (G.) pakistanica (Eames 1952) [=Turris (G.) pakistanica] P66
    |--G. (G.) peraspera Marwick 1931 P66
    |--G. (G.) periscelida (Dall 1889) [=Pleurotoma periscelida] P66
    |--G. (G.) polita (Marshall 1919) [=Turris politus] P66
    |--G. (G.) praesignis (Smith 1895) [=Pleurotoma praesignis] P66
    |--G. (G.) pulchella Shuto 1961 [=G. granosa pulchella] P66
    |--G. (G.) reticulata (Marshall 1919) [=Turris reticulatus] P66
    |--G. (G.) rotatilis (Martens 1902) [=Pleurotoma (G.) rotatilis] P66
    |--G. (G.) samueli (Tenison-Woods 1879) [=Pleurotoma samueli] P66
    |--G. (G.) sibogae (Schepman 1913) [=Pleurotoma sibogae] P66
    |--G. (G.) sibukoensis Powell 1964 P66
    |--G. (G.) sindiensis (Vredenburg 1925) [=Pleurotoma (G.) sindiensis] P66
    |--G. (G.) soriensis (Eames 1952) [=Turris (G.) soriensis] P66
    |--G. (G.) speciosa (Reeve 1833) P66, DK08 (see below for synonymy)
    |--G. (G.) thyrsus (Vredenburg 1921) [=Pleurotoma (G.) thyrsus] P66
    |--G. (G.) vagata (Smith 1895) [=Pleurotoma vagata] P66
    `--G. (G.) waihaoensis Finlay 1924 [=Turris regius Suter 1917 (preoc.)] P66

Gemmula (Gemmula) congener mekranica (Vredenburg 1925) P66 [=Pleurotoma (Gemmula) congener var. mekranica F27; incl. P. coronifer Martin 1879 non Bellardi 1877 F27]

Gemmula (Gemmula) hombroni Hedley 1922 P66 [incl. Pleurotoma fusca Hombron & Jacquinot 1853 non Reeve 1843 P66, Drillia fusca H09]

Gemmula (Gemmula) speciosa (Reeve 1833) P66, DK08 [=Pleurotoma speciosa P66; incl. P. carinata Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon 1834 P66, Turris (Gemmula) guadurensis Melvill 1917 P66]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BK11] Bouchet, P., Y. I. Kantor, A. Sysoev & N. Puillandre. 2011. A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda). Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 273–308.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[P66] Powell, A. W. B. 1966. The molluscan families Speightiidae and Turridae: an evaluation of the valid taxa, both Recent and fossil, with lists of characteristic species. Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum 5: 1–184, pls 1–23.

Cantharus

Cancellate cantharus Cantharus cancellarius, from here.


Belongs within: Pisaniinae.

Cantharus is a genus of whelks with impressed sutures and angular whorls.

Cantharus Röding 1798 BR05 [Cantharinae]
    |--C. aurithulus (Link 1807) S11
    |--C. balteatus (Reeve 1846) [=Buccinum balteatum] H09
    |--C. (Gemophos) berryi McLean 1970 BC01
    |--C. cancellarius (Conrad 1846) D88
    |--C. cecillei ZLK11
    |--C. curtisianus (Smith 1884) [=Tritonidea curtisiana] H09
    |--C. dorbignyi [=Buccinum dorbignyi, Cancellaria orbignyi] PH90
    |--C. erythrostoma Linnaeus 1758 W78
    |--C. isotomus (Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon 1834) MG-H11
    |--C. karinae Usticke 1959 BC01
    |--C. melanostomus ZLK11
    |--C. mollis (Gould 1860) [=Pisania mollis] H09
    |--C. multangulus (Conrad 1846) D88
    |    |--C. m. multangulus BC01
    |    `--C. m. grandanus Abbott 1986 BC01
    |--C. pulcher (Reeve 1846) BW09
    |--C. semitextus (Hedley 1899) [=Nassa semitexta] H09
    |--C. undosus (Linnaeus 1758) BW09 [=Buccinum undosum H09]
    `--C. wagneri (Anton 1839) BW09

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[D88] D’Asaro, C. N. 1988. Micromorphology of neogastropod egg capsules. Nautilus 102 (4): 134–148.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[W78] Wells, F. E. 1978. Zonation of marine gastropods on a rocky intertidal shore in the Admiralty Gulf, Western Australia, with emphasis on the genus Nerita. Veliger 20 (3): 279–287.

[ZLK11] Zou, S., Q. Li & L. Kong. 2011. Additional gene data and increased sampling give new insights into the phylogenetic relationships of Neogastropoda, within the caenogastropod phylogenetic framework. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 425–435.

Muricidae

Candelabrum trophon Boreotrophon candelabrum, copyright Worldwide Conchology.


Belongs within: Muricoidea.
Contains: Pterynotus, Axymene, Terefundus, Muricopsis, Favartia, Murexiella, Ocenebra, Nucella, Trophon, Rapaninae, Dermomurex, Murex, Chicoreus, Siratus.

The Muricidae are a group of marine gastropods with strongly developed varices on the shells, commonly bearing prominent spines, flanges or other ornaments.

Characters (from Wilson & Gillett 1971): Spire usually prominent; strongly developed varices often bearing prominent spines, nodules or fronds; aperture oval with folds or pointed teeth on outer lip; columella smooth or denticulate; large horny operculum present.

<==Muricidae [Muricedae, Muricina, Trophonidae]
    |--+--Ocenebrinae ZLK11
    |  |    |--Ocenebra BR05
    |  |    |--Nucella BR05
    |  |    `--Ecphora Conrad 1843 [Ecphorinae] BR05
    |  |         `--*E. quadricostata (Say 1824) [=Fusus quadricostatus] RA75
    |  `--Trophoninae ZLK11
    |       |--Trophon BR05
    |       `--Boreotrophon Fischer 1884 ZLK11, RA75
    |            |--*B. clathrata (Linné 1767) [=Murex clathrata] RA75
    |            |--B. candelabrum GAS03
    |            `--B. xestra ZLK11
    `--+--Rapaninae ZLK11
       `--Muricinae [Murexia] ZLK11
            |  i. s.: Dermomurex V95
            |         Aspella Mörch 1877 [Aspellinae] BR05
            |           |--*A. anceps (Lamarck 1822) [=Ranella anceps] RA75
            |           `--A. undata Hedley 1907 [=Clavus undatus] L54
            |         Pteropurpura Jousseaume 1880 O27
            |           |  i. s.: P. benderskyi Emerson & D’Attilio 1979 BC01
            |           |--P. (Pteropurpura) O27
            |           |    |--P. (*P.) macropterus (Deshayes 1839) [=Murex (*P.) macropterus] RA75
            |           |    |--P. (P.) carpenteri (Dall 1899) [=Murex (P.) carpenteri] O27
            |           |    |    |--M. c. carpenteri O27
            |           |    |    `--M. c. tremperi Hemphill 1911) [=Murex carpenteri tremperi] O27
            |           |    `--P. (P.) petri (Dall 1900) [=Murex (P.) petri] O27
            |           `--P. (Centrifuga Grant & Gale 1931) BC01
            |                `--P. (*C.) centrifuga (Hinds 1844) BC01, RA75 [=Murex centrifuga RA75]
            |         Trialatella Berry 1964 PP78, RA75
            |           `--*T. cunninghamae Berry 1964 RA75 [=Aspella (Trialatella) cunninghamae PP78]
            |--Murex ZLK11
            `--+--+--Chicoreus ZLK11
               |  `--Bolinus Pusch 1837 S11, RA75 [=Rhinocantha Adams & Adams 1853 RA75]
               |       `--*B. brandaris (Linnaeus 1758) [=Murex brandaris, *Rhinocantha brandaris] RA75
               `--+--Siratus ZLK11
                  `--Muricanthus Swainson 1840 ZLK11, RA75 [=Centronotus Swainson 1833 non Schneider 1801 RA75]
                       |--*M. radix (Gmelin 1791) [=Murex radix, *Centronotus radix] RA75
                       `--‘Murex’ duplex Röding 1798 [incl. M. eurystomus Swainson 1833, Centronotus eurystomus] RA75

Muricidae incertae sedis:
  Ocinebrellus Jousseaume 1880 AV03, RA75 [=Ternaria Coen 1943 RA75]
    |--*O. eurypteron (Reeve 1845) [=Murex eurypteron, *Ternaria eurypteron] RA75
    |--O. aduncus AV03
    `--O. nagaokai AV03
  Uttleya Marwick 1934 P66
    |--*U. arcana Marwick 1934 RA75
    |--U. ahiparana (Powell 1927) P61
    |--U. marwicki Powell 1952 P61
    `--U. williamsi Powell 1952 P66
  Plicopurpura Cossmann 1903 CWN94, RA75 [=Purpurella Dall 1871 non Robineau-Desvoidy 1853 RA75]
    |--*P. columellaris (Lamarck 1816) [=Purpura columellaris, *Purpurella columellaris] RA75
    |--P. pansa CWN94
    `--P. patula CWN94
  Ceratostoma Hermannsen 1846 AV03, RA75 (see below for synonymy)
    |--*C. nuttallii (Conrad 1837) [=Murex (*Cerastoma) nuttallii, *Spinostoma nuttalli] RA75
    |--C. burnetti AV03
    |--C. foliatum AV03
    `--C. inornatum CH97
  Hexaplex Swainson 1833 WG71, BC01
    |--*H. cichoreus (Gmelin 1791) [=Murex chicoreum] RA75
    |--H. conatus P95
    |--H. kusterianus [=Muricanthus kusterianus] BC01
    |    |--H. k. kusterianus BC01
    |    `--H. k. bozzadamii (Franchi 1990) [=Muricanthus kusterianus bozzadamii] BC01
    |--H. rileyi D’Attilio & Myers 1984 BC01
    `--H. stainforthi Reeve 1842 WG71
  Pterynotus MG-H11
  Haustellum Schumacher 1817 V90
    |--*H. haustellum (Linnaeus 1758) [=Murex haustellum] RA75
    |--H. chrysostoma (Sowerby 1834) [=Murex chrysostoma] V90
    |--H. donmoorei (Bullis 1964) [=Murex (Murex) donmoorei] BC01
    |--H. kiiensis (Kira 1959) V90
    |--H. messorius (Sowerby 1844) BC01 (see below for synonymy)
    |--H. multiplicatus (Sowerby 1895) MG-H11
    |--H. tweedianum Macpherson 1962 WG71
    `--H. wilsoni D’Attilio & Old 1971 BC01
  Homalocantha Mörch 1852 WG71
    |--*H. scorpio (Linnaeus 1758) [=Murex scorpio] RA75
    |--H. anatomica Perry 1811 [incl. H. pele Pilsbry 1921, H. rota Mawe 1823] WG71
    |--H. secunda Lamarck 1822 [incl. H. varicosa Sowerby 1841] WG71
    `--H. zamboi (Burch & Burch 1960) [=Murex (Homalocantha) anatomica zamboi] BC01
  Vitularia Swainson 1840 WG71 [incl. Vitulina Swainson 1840 RA75]
    |--V. miliaris (Gmelin 1791) WG71 (see below for synonymy)
    |--V. candida Adams & Adams 1863 F27a
    `--V. salebrosa (King & Broderip 1832) S11
  Bedeva Iredale 1924 WG71
    `--B. paivae (Crosse 1864) HJ08 (see below for synonymy)
  Xymene Iredale 1915 F27a [=Kalydon Hutton 1884 (nom. rej.) RA75]
    |--*X. plebeia (Hutton 1873) RA75 [=Fusus plebeius RA75, Trophon (*Kalydon) plebejus F27a, RA75]
    |--X. ambiguus HS01
    |--X. drewi (Hutton 1883) [=Cominella drewi] F27a
    |--X. expansa (Hutton 1883) [=Trophon expansus] F27a
    |--X. inferus (Hutton 1873) P61 [=Fusus inferus F27a, Trophon (Kalydon) inferus F27a]
    |--X. pulcherrima (Suter 1917) [=Trophon (Xanthochorus) pulcherrimus] F27a
    `--X. traversi HS01
  Galfridus Iredale 1924 F27a
    |--*G. speciosus (Angas 1871) RA75 [=Triton (Cumia) speciosum RA75, Craspedotriton speciosus P61]
    `--G. virginalis (Suter 1913) [=Trophon virginalis] F27a
  Zeatrophon Finlay 1927 F27a
    |--*Z. ambiguus (Philippi 1844) RA75 [=Fusus ambiguus RA75, Trophon ambiguus F27a]
    |--Z. bonneti (Cossmann 1903) [=Trophon (Trophonopsis) bonneti] F27a
    |--Z. caudatinus Finlay 1930 P61
    |--Z. caudatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1833) P61 [=Siphonalia caudata F27a]
    |--Z. huttoni (Murdoch 1900) [=Trophon huttoni] F27a
    |--Z. mortenseni (Odhner 1924) [=Trophon mortenseni] F27a
    |--Z. pulcherrimus Finlay 1930 P61
    |--Z. pumilus (Suter 1899) P61
    `--Z. tmetus Finlay 1930 P61
  Xymenella Finlay 1927 F27a
    |--*X. pusilla (Suter 1907) RA75 [=Trophon (Trophonopsis) pusillus F27a]
    |--X. gouldi (Cossmann 1903) [=Trophon gouldi, Xymene oliveri Marwick 1924] F27c
    |--X. lepida (Suter 1917) [=Trophon (Kalydon) lepidus] F27a
    |--X. minutissima (Suter 1917) [=Trophon (Kalydon) minutissimus] F27a
    `--X. suteri (Marshall & Murdoch 1921) [=Cymatium suteri] F27a
  Paratrophon Finlay 1927 F27a
    |--*P. cheesemani (Hutton 1882) RA75 (see below for synonymy)
    |--P. exsculptus Powell 1933 P61
    |--P. patens (Hombron & Jacquinot 1854) P61
    |--P. quoyi HS01
    `--P. stangeri (Gray 1843) (see below for synonymy) F27a
  Axymene F27a
  Comptella Finlay 1927 F27a
    |--*C. curta (Murdoch 1905) RA75 [=Trophon (Kalydon) curtus F27a]
    |--C. coronata Dell 1956 P61
    `--C. devia (Suter 1908) [=Mangilia devia] F27a
  Terefundus F27a
  Vesanula Finlay 1926 F27a
    |--*V. chaskanon (Finlay 1926) [=Trophon chaskanon] RA75
    |--V. maorum (M. & M. 1923) [=Columbarium maorum] F27a
    |--V. tegens (Hutton 1877) F27a
    `--V. vegrandis (M. & M. 1923) [=Pagodula vegrandis] F27a
  Hadriania Bucquoy & Dautzenberg 1882 F27c, RA75
    |--H. craticuloides Vokes 1964 (see below for synonymy) RA75
    `--H. basedowi Cossmann 1903 [=Murex irregularis Tate 1888 non Bellardi 1873] F27c
  Urosalpinx Stimpson 1865 O27
    `--*U. cinereus (Say 1822) [=Fusus cinereus] RA75
         |--U. c. cinereus D88
         `--U. c. follyensis Baker 1951 D88
  Eupleura Adams & Adams 1853 O27
    |--*E. caudata (Say 1822) [=Ranella caudata] RA75
    |    |--E. c. caudata D88
    |    `--E. c. etterae Baker 1951 D88
    `--E. grippi Dall 1911 O27
  Forreria Jousseaume 1880 O27
    `--*F. belcheri (Hinds 1844) RA75 [=Murex belcheri RA75, Chorus belcheri O27]
  Brocchitas Finlay 1927 DK08
    `--*B. exilis (Tate 1888) DK08 (see below for synonymy)
  Marchia Jousseaume 1880 BW09, RA75
    |--‘Murex’ elongata Lightfoot 1786 [incl. Murex clavus Kiener 1843, *Marchia clava] RA75
    `--M. martinetana (Röding 1798) BW09
  Muricodrupa Iredale 1918 BW09, RA75
    |--‘Murex’ funiculus Wood 1828 [incl. Purpura fenestrata Blainville 1832, *Muricodrupa fenestrata] RA75
    |--M. jacobsoni Emerson & D’Attilio 1981 BC01
    `--M. stellaris (Hombron & Jacquinot 1853) BW09
  Pascula Dall 1908 BW09, RA75
    |--*P. citrica (Dall 1908) [=Trophon (*Pascula) citricus] RA75
    `--P. ochrostoma (Blainville 1832) BW09
  Pseudosalpinx Olsson, Harbison et al. 1953 RA75
    `--*P. floridana (Conrad 1837) RA75 [=Urosalpinx floridana O27; incl. Murex ostrearum Conrad 1846 RA75]
  Rugotyphis Vella 1961 RA75
    `--*R. francescae (Finlay 1924) RA75 [=Typhis francescae F27a]
  Pagodula Monterosato 1884 MG-H11, RA75
    |--*P. vaginata (Cristofori & Jan 1832) [=Murex vaginata] RA75
    `--P. carduelis (Watson 1886) MG-H11
  Bizetiella Radwin & D’Attilio 1972 BC01, RA75
    |--*B. carmen (Lowe 1935) [=Tritonalia carmen] RA75
    `--B. shaskyi Radwin & D’Attilio 1972 BC01
  Calotrophon Hertlein & Strong 1951 BC01, RA75
    |--‘Tritonalia’ turrita Dall 1919 [incl. *Calotrophon bristolae Hertlein & Strong 1951] RA75
    `--C. andrewsi Vokes 1976 BC01
  Distichotyphis Keen & Campbell 1964 BC01, RA75
    `--*D. vemae Keen & Campbell 1964 RA75
  Haustellotyphis Jousseaume 1880 BC01, RA75
    |--*H. cumingi (Broderip 1833) [=Typhis cumingi] RA75
    `--H. wendita Hertz 1995 BC01
  Ocinebrina Jousseaume 1880 BC01, RA75 (see below for synonymy)
    |--O. aciculata (Lamarck 1822) (see below for synonymy) RA75
    `--O. adansoni Kosuge & Fernandes 1989 BC01
  Poirieria Jousseaume 1880 BC01, RA75
    |  i. s.: P. galapagana (Emerson & D’Attilio 1970) [=Murex galapaganus] BC01
    |         P. kopua Dell 1956 P61
    |--*P. (Poirieria) zelandica (Quoy & Gaimard 1833) [=Murex zelandicus] RA75
    |--P. (Panamurex Woodring 1959) BC01, RA75
    |    |--*Panamurex’ gatunensis (Brown & Pilsbry 1911) [=Murex gatunensis] RA75
    |    `--P. (P.) velero Vokes 1970 BC01
    `--P. (Paziella Jousseaume 1880) BC01 [incl. Dallimurex Rehder 1946 RA75]
         |--*Paziella’ pazi (Crosse 1869) (see below for synonymy) RA75
         `--P. (P.) oregonia (Bullis 1964) [=Murex (Poirieria) oregonia] BC01
  Pterotyphis Jousseaume 1880 BC01, RA75 [=Perotyphis RA75]
    `--*P. pinnatus (Broderip 1833) [=Typhis pinnatus] RA75
  Daphnellopsis Schepman 1913 BK11, P66
    |--*D. lamellosa Schepman 1913 P66
    `--D. murex Hedley 1922 P66
  Concepcionella Bandel & Stinnesbeck 2000 BD12
    `--*C. bonillana Bandel & Stinnesbeck 2000 BD12
  Pterymarchia tripterus (Born 1778) BD12
  Haustrum Perry 1811 BR05 [=Lepsia Hutton 1884 RA75; Haustrinae]
    |--H. haustorium (Gmelin 1791) P61 (see below for synonymy)
    `--H. zealandicum P61
  Tripterotyphis Pilsbry & Lowe 1932 [Tripterotyphinae] BR05
    |--*T. lowei (Pilsbry 1931) RA75 [=Typhis lowei RA75, Pterotyphis (Tripterotyphis) lowei PP78]
    |--T. arcana (DuShane 1969) [=Pterotyphis (Tripterotyphis) arcana] BC01
    `--T. fayae (Keen & Campbell 1964) [=Pterotyphis (Tripterotyphis) fayae] BC01
  Typhis Montfort 1810 [Typhinae] BR05
    |  i. s.: T. maccoyi [incl. T. hebetatus] F27a
    |         T. philippensis Watson 1886 WG71
    |         T. yatesi Crosse 1865 WG71
    |         T. zealandica Hutton 1873 F27a
    |--*T. (Typhis) tubifer (Bruguière 1792) [=Murex tubifer, Poropteron tubifer] RA75
    `--T. (Typhina Jousseaume 1880) BC01
         |--T. (*T.) belcheri Broderip 1833 RA75
         `--T. (T.) riosi (Bertsch & D’Attilio 1980) [=Typhina riosi] BC01
  Muricopsinae DM88
    |--Muricopsis BR05
    |--Favartia DM88
    |--Murexiella BC01
    `--Murexsul Iredale 1915 BC01
         |--*M. octogonus (Quoy & Gaimard 1832) [=Murex octogonus] RA75
         |--M. brazieri Angas 1877 WG71
         |--M. cuvierensis Finlay 1927 F27b
         |--M. elatensis (Emerson & D’Attilio 1979) (see below for synonymy) BC01
         |--M. fimbriatus Lamarck 1822 WG71
         |--M. jacquelinae Emerson & D’Attilio 1969 BC01
         |--M. mariae Finlay 1930 P61
         |--M. prionotus (Tate 1888) DK08
         `--M. umbilicatus (Tenison Woods 1875) WG71 [=Trophon umbilicatus F27a]
  ‘Nassarina’ grayi R77
  Attiliosa Emerson 1968 PP78, RA75
    |-*A. incompta (Berry 1960) [=Coralliophila incompta] RA75
    |--A. aldridgei (Usticke 1969) [=Vasum aldridgei] BC01
    `--A. carmen (Lowe 1935) PP78
  Typhinellus Jousseaume 1880 P61
    |--*T. sowerbii (Broderip 1833) [=Typhis sowerbii, Typhis sowerbiyi (l. c.)] RA75
    `--T. pauperis (Mestayer 1916) [=Typhis (Typhinellus) pauperis] P61
  Emozamia Iredale 1929 RA75
    `--*E. licinus (Hedley & Petterd 1906) [=Murex licinus] RA75
  Chathamidea Dell 1956 P61
    `--*C. expeditionis Dell 1956 RA75
  Maculotriton BW09
    |--*M. bracteatus (Hinds 1844) [=Triton bracteata] RA75
    |--M. bicolor M54
    `--M. serriale (Deshayes 1830) BD12

Bedeva paivae (Crosse 1864) HJ08 [=Trophon paivae RA75, T. (Kalydon) paivae F27a, Xymene paivae F27a; incl. Trophon hanleyi Angas 1867 RA75, *Bedeva hanleyi RA75, Xymene quirindus Iredale 1915 F27a]

Brocchitas exilis (Tate 1888) DK08 [=Fasciolaria exilis F27c, Fusus exilis nec Menke 1843 nec Philippi 1843 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.) F27c, Latirofusus exilis F27c, Streptochetus exilis F27c, S. adelomorphus Cossmann 1901 F27c]

Ceratostoma Hermannsen 1846 AV03, RA75 [=Cerastoma Conrad 1837 non Latreille 1802 RA75, Spinostoma Coen 1943 RA75]

Hadriania craticuloides Vokes 1964 [incl. Murex craticulatus Brocchi 1814 non Linnaeus 1758, *Hadriania craticulata] RA75

Haustellum messorius (Sowerby 1844) BC01 [=Murex messorius V90; incl. M. messorius var. gustaviensis Usticke 1969 BC01]

Haustrum haustorium (Gmelin 1791) P61 [=Buccinum haustorium RA75; incl. B. haustrum Martyn 1788 (nom. inv.) RA75, *Haustrum haustrum RA75, *Lepsia haustrum RA75, Thais haustrum F27a]

Murexsul elatensis (Emerson & D’Attilio 1979) [=Favartia elatensis, Muricopsis (Murexsul) elatensis] BC01

Ocinebrina Jousseaume 1880 BC01, RA75 [incl. Corallinia Buzquoy & Dautzenberg in Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus 1882 RA75]

Ocinebrina aciculata (Lamarck 1822) [=Murex aciculatus, *Corallinia aciculata; incl. Fusus corallinus Scacchi 1836, *Ocinebrina corallina] RA75

*Paratrophon cheesemani (Hutton 1882) RA75 [=Polytropa cheesemani RA75, Trophon (Xanthochorus) cheesemani F27a]

Paratrophon stangeri (Gray 1843) [=Trophon rugosus (Quoy & Gaimard 1833) (preoc.), Fusus stangeri, Trophon (Trophon) stangeri; incl. Polytropa retiaria Hutton 1878] F27a

*Paziella’ pazi (Crosse 1869) [=Murex pazi; incl. M. nuttingi Dall 1896, *Dallimurex nuttingi] RA75

Vitularia miliaris (Gmelin 1791) WG71 [=Murex miliaris RA75; incl. *Vitularia tuberculata Swainson 1840 RA75, M. vitulina Lamarck 1816 RA75, *Vitulina vitulina RA75]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AV03] Amano, K., & G. J. Vermeij. 2003. Evolutionary adaptation and geographic spread of the Cenozoic buccinid genus Lirabuccinum in the North Pacific. Journal of Paleontology 77 (5): 863–872.

[BD12] Bandel, K., & D. T. Dockery III. 2012. Protoconch characters of Late Cretaceous Latrogastropoda (Neogastropoda and Neomesogastropoda) as an aid in the reconstruction of the phylogeny of the Neogastropoda. Freiberger Forschungshefte C542 (psf 20): 93–128.

[BK11] Bouchet, P., Y. I. Kantor, A. Sysoev & N. Puillandre. 2011. A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda). Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 273–308.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[CH97] Castro, P., & M. E. Huber. 1997. Marine Biology 2nd ed. WCB McGraw-Hill: Boston.

[CWN94] Collins, T. M., P. H. Wimberger & G. J. P. Naylor. 1994. Compositional bias, character-state bias, and character-state reconstruction using parsimony. Systematic Biology 43 (4): 482–496.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[D88] D’Asaro, C. N. 1988. Micromorphology of neogastropod egg capsules. Nautilus 102 (4): 134–148.

[DM88] D’Attilio, A., & B. W. Myers. 1988. A new species of Favartia from the eastern Pacific (Gastropoda: Muricidae). Nautilus 102 (3): 106–109.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. Additions to Recent molluscan fauna of New Zealand, no. 2. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 485–487.

[F27c] Finlay, H. J. 1927c. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[GAS03] Gulbin, V. V., I. S. Arzamastsev & V. M. Shulkin. 2003. Ecological monitoring of the water area of Port Vostochnyi (Wrangel Bay) in the Sea of Japan (1995–2002). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 29 (5): 284–295.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[HJ08] Huisman, J. M., D. S. Jones, F. E. Wells & T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 1–44.

[L54] Laseron, C. F. 1954. Revision of the New South Wales Turridae (Mollusca). Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales: Sydney.

[M54] Macpherson, J. H. 1954. Molluscs (sea shells and snails). In: Willis, J. M. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 55–63. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II pt. II. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[P95] Ponder, W. F. 1995. Book review: Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Parts 1 and 2. Molluscan Research 16: 97–102.

[PP78] Poorman, F. L., & L. H. Poorman. 1978. Additional molluscan records from Bahía de Los Angeles, Baja California Norte. Veliger 20 (4): 369–374.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[P66] Powell, A. W. B. 1966. The molluscan families Speightiidae and Turridae: an evaluation of the valid taxa, both Recent and fossil, with lists of characteristic species. Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum 5: 1–184, pls 1–23.

[R77] Radwin, G. E. 1977. The family Columbellidae in the western Atlantic. Part IIa.—The Pyreninae. Veliger 20 (2): 119–133.

[RA75] Radwin, G. E., & A. D’Attilio. 1975. A catalogue of muricacean generic taxa. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 17 (20): 279–292.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[V90] Vokes, E. H. 1990. Two new species of Chicoreus subgenus Siratus (Gastropoda: Muricidae) from northeastern Brazil. Nautilus 103 (4): 124–130.

[V95] Vokes, E. H. 1995. Two additional species of Dermomurex (Gastropoda: Muricidae) from southern Australia. Molluscan Research 16: 51–58.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

[ZLK11] Zou, S., Q. Li & L. Kong. 2011. Additional gene data and increased sampling give new insights into the phylogenetic relationships of Neogastropoda, within the caenogastropod phylogenetic framework. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 425–435.

Coralliophilidae

Coralliophila neritoidea, copyright Steve Smith.


Belongs within: Muricoidea.

The Coralliophilidae, coral shells, are a group of gastropods that live in close association with cnidarians such as corals, attached to the surface or embedded within the coral skeleton. Members of this family lack a radula (Wilson & Gillett 1971) and have a protoconch with an ornament of hemispherical tubercles overlain and connected to each other by a wrinkled net of lamellae (Bandel & Dockery 2012).

<==Coralliophilidae [Coralliophilinae, Magilidae]
    |--Magilus Montfort 1810 BR05
    |    `--*M. antiquus Montfort 1810 RA75
    |--Latiaxis Swainson 1840 BC01, RA75
    |    `--*L. mawae (Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon 1834) [=Pyrula mawae] RA75
    |--Coralliobia Adams & Adams 1853 BD12, RA75
    |    `--*C. fimbriata (Adams 1852) RA75, BD12 (see below for synonymy)
    |--Leptoconchus Rüppell 1834 BD12, RA75
    |    `--*L. peroni Lamarck 1818 RA75
    |--Quoyula Iredale 1912 WG71
    |    |--*Q. monodonta (Broderip 1833) RA75, BW09 [=Purpura monodonta RA75, Galeropsis monodonta H09]
    |    `--Q. madreporarum (Sowerby 1832) WG71
    |--Rapa Röding 1798 BR05 [incl. Rapanus Schum. in Sowerby 1839 RA75, Rapella Swainson 1840 RA75; Rapidae]
    |    |--*R. rapa (Linnaeus 1758) (see below for synonymy) RA75
    |    `--R. rapiformis (Born 1778) [=Murex rapiformis] H09
    |--Tolema Iredale 1929 WG71
    |    |--*T. australis Laseron 1955 RA75
    |    |--T. peregrina Powell 1947 P61
    |    `--T. sertata (Hedley 1903) [=Purpura sertata] RA75
    |--Babelomurex Coen 1922 RL04, RA75
    |    |--*B. babelis (Requien 1848) [=Fusus babelis] RA75
    |    |--B. cariniferus (Sowerby 1834) RL04
    |    |--B. dalli (Emerson & D’Attilio 1963) [=Latiaxis (Babelomurex) dalli] BC01
    |    |--B. deroyorum D’Attilio & Myers 1984 BC01
    |    |--B. fearnleyi (Emerson & D’Attilio 1965) [=Latiaxis (Babelomurex) fearnleyi] BC01
    |    |--B. gilli Kosuge 1990 BC01
    |    |--B. kawamurai (Kira 1959) MG-H11
    |    |--B. longispinosus (Suzuki 1972) [incl. Latiaxis pisori D’Attilio & Emerson 1980] BC01
    |    `--B. santacruzensis (Emerson & D’Attilio 1970) [=Latiaxis (Babelomurex) santacruzensis] BC01
    `--Coralliophila Adams & Adams 1853 BR05
         |  i. s.: C. aberrans BD12
         |         C. aldrichi (Cossmann 1903) BD12
         |         C. armeniaca D’Attilio & Myers 1984 BC01
         |         C. bulbiformis M54
         |         C. burdigalensis Tournouer 1874 BD12
         |         C. caribaea Abbott 1958 [incl. Ringicula cruzensis Usticke 1969] BC01
         |         C. costularis (Lamarck 1816) BW09
         |         C. craticulatus (Linnaeus 1758) BW09
         |         C. elvirae D’Attilio & Emerson 1980 BC01
         |         C. erosa (Röding 1798) BW09
         |         C. guancha Smriglio, Mariottini & Engl 2003 F05
         |         C. imbricata (Smith 1876) [=Fusus imbricatus] H09
         |         C. inflata (Dunker in Philippi 1847) MG-H11
         |         C. macleani Shasky 1970 BC01
         |         C. nux (Reeve 1846) S11
         |         C. occidentale Kosuge & Fernandes 1988 BC01
         |         C. raramaculatus Kosuge & Fernandes 1989 BC01
         |         C. rocasuciae Myers & D’Attilio 1990 BC01
         |         C. squamulosa (Reeve 1846) [=Purpura squamulosa] H09
         |         C. stearnsii Pilsbry 1895 BW09
         |         C. trigoi Mariottini, Smriglio & Rolán 2005 F05
         |         C. violacea (Kiener 1836) WG71
         |         C. wilsoni M54
         |--*C. (Coralliophila) neritoidea (Lamarck 1816) [=Fusus neritoideus] RA75
         `--C. (Pseudomurex Monterosato 1872) O27
              |--‘Murex’ bracteata Brocchi 1814 [=*Pseudomurex bracteatus] RA75
              |--C. (P.) costata Blainville 1832 O27
              `--C. (P.) kincaidi Dall 1919 O27

*Coralliobia fimbriata (Adams 1852) RA75, BD12 [=Concholepas fimbriata RA75, Leptoconchus (Coralliobia) fimbriata Adams & Adams 1853 (n. n.) RA75]

*Rapa rapa (Linnaeus 1758) [=Murex rapa, Bulla rapa; incl. Pyrula papyracea Lamarck 1816, *Rapanus papyraceus, *Rapella papracia (l. c.)] RA75

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BD12] Bandel, K., & D. T. Dockery III. 2012. Protoconch characters of Late Cretaceous Latrogastropoda (Neogastropoda and Neomesogastropoda) as an aid in the reconstruction of the phylogeny of the Neogastropoda. Freiberger Forschungshefte C542 (psf 20): 93–128.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[M54] Macpherson, J. H. 1954. Molluscs (sea shells and snails). In: Willis, J. M. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 55–63. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II pt. II. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[RA75] Radwin, G. E., & A. D’Attilio. 1975. A catalogue of muricacean generic taxa. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 17 (20): 279–292.

[RL04] Richter, A., & Á. A. Luque. 2004. Epitonium dendrophylliae (Gastropoda: Epitoniidae) feeding on Astroides calycularis (Anthozoa, Scleractinia). Journal of Molluscan Studies 70: 99–101.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

Pterynotus

Pterynotus tripterus, copyright Shells Passion.


Belongs within: Muricidae.

Pterynotus is a genus of murexes with a trivaricate shell bearing more or less expanded varical flanges.

<==Pterynotus Swainson 1833 [=Pterymurex Rovereto 1899] RA75
    |  i. s.: P. barclayi Reeve 1857 WG71
    |         P. fulgens Houart 1988 BC01
    |         P. patagiatus Hedley 1912 WG71
    |         P. phaneus (Dall 1889) A88
    |         P. undosus Vokes 1993 MG-H11
    |--‘Purpura’ alatus Röding 1798 [incl. Murex pinnatus Swainson 1822, *Pterynotus pinnatus] RA75
    |--P. (Naquetia Jousseaume 1880) WG71, RA75
    |    |--P. (*N.) triqueter (Born 1778) WG71, RA75 [=Murex triqueter RA75]
    |    |--‘Naquetia’ fosteri D’Attilio & Hertz 1987 BC01
    |    |--P. (N.) permaestus Hedley 1915 WG71
    |    `--P. (P.) tripterus Born 1778 WG71
    `--P. (Pterochelus Jousseaume 1880) WG71, RA75
         |--P. (*P.) acanthopterus (Lamarck 1816) MG-H11, RA75 [=Murex acanthopterus RA75]
         |--P. (P.) angasi Crosse 1863 WG71 [=Murex (P.) angasi F27]
         |--P. (P.) bednalli Brazier 1877 WG71
         |--P. (P.) duffusi Iredale 1936 WG71
         |--P. (P.) eos (Hutton 1873) P61 [=Murex eos F27]
         `--P. (P.) triformis Reeve 1845 WG71 [=Murex (P.) triformis F27]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A88] Askew, T. M. 1988. A new species of pleurotomariid gastropod from the western Atlantic. Nautilus 102 (3): 89–91.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[RA75] Radwin, G. E., & A. D’Attilio. 1975. A catalogue of muricacean generic taxa. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 17 (20): 279–292.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

Harpidae

Madras harp Harpa davidus, copyright H. Zell.


Belongs within: Siphonogastropoda.

The Harpidae, harp shells, are a group of predatory gastropods with usually colourfully patterned, polished shells bearing strong axial ribs.

Characters (from Wilson & Gillett 1971): Shell usually shiny, strikingly coloured and patterned, sculptured with strong axial ribs more highly polished than remainder of shell. Anterior siphon canal a deep, wide notch; columella lacking folds; operculum absent. Respiratory siphon and eye stalks long; foos broad with front end greatly expanded laterally to form wide, flat, muscular organ.

Harpidae
    |--Cryptochorda Mörch 1858 [Cryptochordidae, Cryptochordinae] BR05
    |--Eocithara Fischer 1883 WG71
    |--Austroharpa Finlay 1931 WG71
    |    |--A. exquisita Iredale 1931 WG71
    |    |--A. punctata Verco 1906 WG71
    |    `--A. wilsoni Rehder 1973 MG-H11
    |--Morum Röding 1798 [Moruminae] BR05
    |    |  i. s.: M. vicdani Emerson 1995 BC01
    |    `--M. (Oniscidia Mörch 1852) [incl. Cancellomorum Emerson & Old 1963] BC01
    |         |--M. (O.) joelgreenei Emerson 1981 BC01
    |         |--M. (O.) macdonaldi Emerson 1981 BC01
    |         |--M. (O.) matthewsi Emerson 1967 [=M. (Cancellomorum) matthewsi] BC01
    |         |--M. (O.) ninomiyai Emerson 1986 BC01
    |         `--M. (O.) veleroae Emerson 1968 [=M. (Cancellomorum) veleroae] BC01
    `--Harpa Röding 1798 [Harpinae] BR05
         |--*H. harpa Linnaeus 1758 [incl. H. nobilis Röding 1798] WG71
         |--H. amouretta Röding 1798 [incl. H. minor Lamarck 1816] WG71
         |--H. articularis Lamarck 1822 WG71
         |--H. davidus Röding 1798 WG71
         |--H. goodwini Rehder 1993 BC01
         |--H. gracilis Broderip & Sowerby 1829 WG71
         |--H. kajiyamai Habe & Kosuge 1970 PK11
         |--H. major Röding 1798 WG71
         |--H. neozelanica [=Eocithara neozelanica] A27
         `--H. ventricosa H04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A27] Allan, R. S. 1927. The geology and palaeontology of the Lower Waihao Basin, south Canterbury, New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 265–309.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[PK11] Puillandre, N., Y. I. Kantor, A. Sysoev, A. Couloux, C. Meyer, T. Rawlings, J. A. Todd & P. Bouchet. 2011. The dragon tamed? A molecular phylogeny of the Conoidea (Gastropoda). Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 259–272.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

Costellariidae

Regent mitre Vexillum regina, copyright Rokus Groeneveld.


Belongs within: Muricoidea.

The Costellariidae, ribbed mitres, are a group of predatory gastropods with shells resembling those of the mitres of the Mitridae but with strong axial sculpture. They prey on other molluscs that they kill with a poison secreted from accessory salivary glands.

<==Costellariidae
    |--Mitropifex iredalei Powell 1958 BC01
    |--Nodicostellaria crassa (Simone 1995) S11
    |--Thala Adams & Adams 1853 BC01, O27
    |    |--T. africana Rolán & Fernandes 1995 BC01
    |    |--T. crassa Simone 1995 BC01
    |    |--T. esperanza Leal & Moore 1993 BC01
    |    |--T. orcutti (Dall 1920) [=Mitra (Thala) orcutti] O27
    |    `--T. solitaria (Adams 1852) [=Mitra (Thala) solitaria] O27
    |--Costellaria Swainson 1840 BR05
    |    |--C. fortiplicata (Pease 1868) [=Vexillum (Costellaria) fortiplicatum; incl. V. kewaloensis Cate 1963] BC01
    |    |--C. leucozonias (Deshayes 1834) [=Vexillum (Costellaria) leucozonias; incl. V. moana Cate 1963] BC01
    |    |--C. micra (Pilsbry 1921) [=Vexillum (Costellaria) micra] BC01
    |    |--C. militaris (Reeve 1845) [=Vexillum (Costellaria) militaris; incl. V. coronense Cate 1968] BC01
    |    |--C. nitidissima (Melvill & Standen 1895) [=Mitra (Costellaria) nitidissima, Vexillum (C.) nitidissimum] BC01
    |    `--C. pacifica (Reeve 1845) [=Mitra pacifica, Vexillum (Costellaria) pacifica] BC01
    |--Pusia Swainson 1840 [Pusiinae, Pusinae] BR05
    |    |--P. anabelae Fernandes 1992 BC01
    |    |--P. catenata (Broderip 1836) [incl. Mitra bibsae Usticke 1969] BC01
    |    |--P. chickcharneorum (Lyons & Kaicher 1978) [=Vexillum (Pusia) chickcharneorum] BC01
    |    |--P. exigua (Adams 1845) (see below for synonymy) BC01
    |    |--P. histrio (Reeve 1844) (see below for synonymy) BC01
    |    `--P. patriarchalis Gmelin 1791 WG71
    |--Austromitra Finlay 1927 S11, WG71
    |    |--*A. rubiginosa (Hutton 1873) [=Columbella rubiginosa] P61
    |    |--A. ambulacra (Marwick 1926) [=Vexillum ambulacrum] F27
    |    |--A. analogica [=Vexillum analogicum] F27
    |    |--A. angulata (Suter 1908) P61 [=Vexillum pseudomarginata angulata F27]
    |    |--A. antipoda (Brookes 1926) P61 [=Vexillum antipodum F27]
    |    |--A. bellapicta [=Vexillum bellapictum] F27
    |    |--A. brunneacincta Powell 1952 P61
    |    |--A. bucklandi Gabriel 1961 WG71
    |    |--A. erecta Powell 1934 P61
    |    |--A. fracta [=Vexillum fractum] F27
    |    |--A. lawsi Finlay 1930 P61
    |    |--A. legrandi [=Vexillum legrandi] F27
    |    |--A. lincolnensis M54
    |    |--A. maculosa Turner & Simone 1998 S11
    |    |--A. marginata [=Vexillum marginatum] F27
    |    |--A. planata [=Turricula planata] F27
    |    |--A. planatella Finlay 1930 P61
    |    |--A. pseudomarginata (Suter 1913) P61 [=Vexillum pseudomarginata F27]
    |    |--A. pumilio [=Vexillum pumilio] F27
    |    |--A. rubiradix Finlay 1927 F27
    |    |--A. scalariformis [=Vexillum scalariforme] F27
    |    |--A. schomburgki M54
    |    `--A. zafra Powell 1952 P61
    `--Vexillum Röding 1798 [Vexillidae, Vexillinae] BR05
         |--V. australe F27
         |--V. cadaverosum Reeve 1844 BW09
         |--V. caffrum Linnaeus 1758 WG71
         |--V. consanguineum (Reeve 1845) BW09
         |--V. corallinum (Reeve 1845) BW09
         |--V. costatum (Gmelin 1791) PK11
         |--V. crocatum (Lamarck 1811) BW09
         |--V. deshayesi Reeve 1844 BW09
         |--V. exasperatum Gmelin 1791 WG71
         |--V. granosum Gmelin 1790 BW09
         |--V. gruneri Reeve 1844 WG71
         |--V. hansenae Cernohorsky 1973 MG-H11
         |--V. infaustum (Reeve 1845) BW09
         |--V. lornense Marwick 1926 F27
         |--V. lucidum (Reeve 1845) BW09
         |--V. obeliscus (Reeve 1844) MG-H11
         |--V. plicarium Linnaeus 1758 WG71
         |--V. radius (Reeve 1845) MG-H11
         |--V. regina Sowerby 1828 [incl. V. regina filiareginae Cate 1961] BC01
         |--V. roseum Broderip 1836 BW09
         |--V. rugosum Gmelin 1791 WG71
         |--V. sanguisugum Linnaeus 1758 BW09
         |--V. semicostatum Anton 1839 BW09
         |--V. semifasciatum Lamarck 1811 BW09
         |--V. speciosum (Reeve 1844) BW09
         |--V. stainforthi Reeve 1841 BW09
         |--V. taeniatum Lamarck 1811 WG71
         |--V. tasmanicum F27
         |--V. teresiae F27
         |--V. turrigerum (Reeve 1845) BW09
         |--V. unifascialis (Lamarck 1811) BW09
         |--V. vulpecula Linnaeus 1758 WG71
         `--V. zelotypum (Reeve 1845) BW09

Pusia exigua (Adams 1845) [=Vexillum (Pusia) exiguum; incl. Mitra hanleyi f. antiguensis Usticke 1969, M. minutus Usticke 1969 non M. minuta Gmelin 1791, M. moisei McGinty 1955] BC01

Pusia histrio (Reeve 1844) [=Vexillum (Pusia) histrio; incl. Mitra cruzana Usticke 1959, M. hayesae Usticke 1959] BC01

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[M54] Macpherson, J. H. 1954. Molluscs (sea shells and snails). In: Willis, J. M. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 55–63. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II pt I. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[PK11] Puillandre, N., Y. I. Kantor, A. Sysoev, A. Couloux, C. Meyer, T. Rawlings, J. A. Todd & P. Bouchet. 2011. The dragon tamed? A molecular phylogeny of the Conoidea (Gastropoda). Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 259–272.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

Mitridae

Pterygia nucea, copyright Philippe Bourjon.


Belongs within: Muricoidea.
Contains: Proximitra, Mitra.

The Mitridae, mitres, are a group of predatory gastropods with a usually long and tapered shell, and a long extensible proboscis that is usually not retracted.

Characters (from Wilson & Gillett 1971): Shell usually long and tapered, often delicately or strongly sculptured (sometimes smooth), with thin periostracum; columella bearing strong plaits; operculum absent. Proboscis long, extensible, may be longer than shell; radula located in end of proboscis.

<==Mitridae [Mitracea, Mitriadae, Mitriana, Mitrianae, Mitroidea]
    |--Imbricaria Schumacher 1817 [Imbricariinae, Imbricarina] BR05
    |    |--I. conica Schumacher 1817 H09
    |    |--I. conularis Lamarck 1811 WG71
    |    |--I. olivaeformis (Swainson 1821) BW09
    |    `--I. punctata (Swainson 1821) BW09
    |--Mitrinae BR05
    |    |--Mitra BW09
    |    |--Mitraria Rafinesque 1815 [Mitrariidae, Mitrariinae] BR05
    |    `--Strigatella Swainson 1840 [Strigatellacea, Strigatellidae] BR05
    |         |--S. crassa Swainson 1822 WG71
    |         |--S. flavocingulata (Lamy 1938) (see below for synonymy) BC01
    |         |--S. litterata Lamarck 1811 WG71
    |         `--S. scutulata Gmelin 1791 [incl. S. amphorella Lamarck 1811] WG71
    `--Cylindromitrinae [Cylindromitridae] BR05
         |--Cylindromitra Fischer 1884 BR05
         |--‘Cylindra’ Schumacher 1817 non Illiger 1802 [Cylindrinae] BR05
         |    `--C. crenulata (Gmelin 1791) [=Voluta crenulata] H09
         `--Pterygia Röding 1798 [Pterygiinae] BR05
              |--P. barrywilsoni Cate 1968 WG71
              |--P. dactylus (Linnaeus 1767) BW09
              |--P. nucea (Gmelin 1791) BW09
              |--P. sinensis (Reeve 1844) MG-H11
              `--P. solida Reeve 1844 WG71

Mitridae incertae sedis:
  ‘Turris’ kaffraria Griesbach 1871 P66
  Neocancilla Cernohorsky 1966 WG71
    |--N. clathrus (Gmelin 1791) [incl. Mitra emersoni Pilsbry 1921] BC01
    |--N. filaris BD12
    |--N. papilio (Link 1807) BW09
    |    |--N. p. papilio BC01
    |    `--N. p. langfordiana (Cate 1962) [=Mitra langfordiana] BC01
    `--N. waikikiensis (Pilsbry 1921) [=Mitra waikikiensis] BC01
  Swainsonia Adams & Adams 1853 WG71
    `--S. casta Gmelin 1791 WG71
  Uromitra etremoides Finlay 1926 F27a
  Puruiana Martin 1931 P66
    `--*P. rustica Martin 1931 P66
  Conomitra Conrad 1865 F27a
    `--*C. fusoides [=Mitra fusoides] F27a
  Egestas Finlay 1927 F27a
    |--*E. waitei (Suter 1909) [=Vexillum waitei] P61
    |--E. dissimilis Powell 1937 P61
    `--E. fenestratum (Suter 1917) [=Vexillum fenestratum] F27a
  Cancilla Swainson 1840 WG71
    |--C. filaris (Linnaeus 1758) BW09
    |--C. interlirata Reeve 1844 WG71
    |--C. nodostaminea Hedley 1912 WG71
    `--C. strangei Angas 1867 WG71
  Eumitra Tate 1889 WG71
    |--E. australis Swainson 1822 WG71
    |--E. badia Reeve 1845 [incl. E. rhodia Reeve 1845] WG71
    |--E. chalybeia Reeve 1844 WG71
    |--E. cookii Sowerby 1874 WG71
    |--E. glabra Swainson 1821 WG71
    `--E. nigra Gmelin 1791 [incl. E. contermina Iredale 1936, E. melaniana Lamarck 1811] WG71
  Diplomitra Finlay 1927 F27a
    |--*D. nitens (Marshall 1918) [=Cymbiola nitens] F27a
    |--D. alokiza (Tenison-Woods 1880) [=Mitra alokiza] F27a
    |--D. calcar (Marshall 1918) [=Cymbiola calcar] F27a
    |--D. dictua (Tenison-Woods 1880) [=Mitra dictua] F27a
    |--D. masefieldi (Marshall 1918) [=Cymbiola masefieldi] F27a
    `--D. monoploca (Finlay 1927) F27a (see below for synonymy)
  Waimatea Finlay 1927 F27a
    |--*W. inconspicua (Hutton 1885) [=Mitra inconspicua] F27a
    |--W. apicicostata (Suter 1917) [=Vexillum apicicostatum] F27a
    |--W. complanata (Hutton 1924) [=Mitra complanata] F27a
    |--W. dennanti [=Conomitra dennanti] F27a
    |--W. othone [=Conomitra othone] F27a
    `--W. othoniana (Finlay 1924) [=Conomitra othoniana] F27a
  Proximitra F27a
  Balcomitra Finlay 1927 F27b
    |--*B. paucicostata [=Mitra paucicostata] F27b
    |--B. leptalea [=Costellaria leptalea] F27b
    `--B. macra Finlay 1927 [=Mitra exilis Tate 1889 non Reeve 1845, Costellaria exilis] F27b
  ‘Voluta’ ziervoyelii Gmelin 1791 [incl. Cancellaria ziervogeliana Lamarck 1822] PH90
  Ziba interlirata (Reeve 1844) MG-H11
  Subcancilla BC01
    |--S. attenuata (Broderip 1836) W77
    |--S. edithrexae Sphon 1976 BC01
    |--S. erythrogramma (Tomlin 1931) W77
    |--S. musa (Olsson 1964) [=Mitra (Subcancilla) musa] C75
    |--S. phorminx (Berry 1969) W77
    |--S. sphoni (Shasky & Campbell 1964) [=Strigatella sphoni] W77
    `--S. welkerorum Whitney 1977 W77
  Vicimitra Iredale 1929 P61
    |--*V. prosphora P61
    `--V. maoria Finlay 1927 P61

Nomen nudum: Waimatea opima Allan 1927 A27

Diplomitra monoploca (Finlay 1927) F27a [=Mitra monoploca F27b, M. uniplica Tate 1889 non M. ebenus var. uniplicatus Wood 1872 F27b]

Strigatella flavocingulata (Lamy 1938) [=Mitra (Strigatella) flavocingulata; incl. S. rapanuiensis Cate 1968] BC01

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A27] Allan, R. S. 1927. The geology and palaeontology of the Lower Waihao Basin, south Canterbury, New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 265–309.

[BD12] Bandel, K., & D. T. Dockery III. 2012. Protoconch characters of Late Cretaceous Latrogastropoda (Neogastropoda and Neomesogastropoda) as an aid in the reconstruction of the phylogeny of the Neogastropoda. Freiberger Forschungshefte C542 (psf 20): 93–128.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[C75] Cernohorsky, W. O. 1975. The taxonomy of some Indo-Pacific Mollusca. Part 3. With descriptions of new taxa and remarks on an Ecuadorian fossil species of Turridae. Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum 12: 213–234.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[PH90] Petit, R. E., & M. G. Harasewych. 1990. Catalogue of the superfamily Cancellarioidea Forbes and Hanley, 1851 (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Nautilus Supplement 1: 1–69.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

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