Phanerobranchia

Tambja eliora, copyright Alicia Hermosillo.


Belongs within: Euctenidiacea.
Contains: Polyceridae.

The Phanerobranchia are a group of dorid nudibranchs characterised by the inability to retract the gill within a cavity. As this is a plesiomorphic character, the monophyly of the group is uncertain (Valdés 2002).

Phanerobranchia [Anadoridacea, Anadoridoidea] V02
    |  i. s.: ‘Doris’ tuberculata Müller 1778 (see below for synonymy) V02
    |         Adalaria Bergh 1878 V02
    |           `--A. proxima (Alder & Hancock 1854) B77
    |         Diaphorodoris Iredale & O’Donoghue 1923 V02
    |           `--D. luteocincta (Sars 1870) V02
    |--Polyceroidea [Polyceracea] BR05
    |    |--Polyceridae BR05
    |    |--Okadaiidae BR05
    |    |    |--Okadaia Baba 1930 BR05
    |    |    `--Vayssierea Risbec 1928 [Vayssiereidae] BR05
    |    |--Hexabranchus Ehrenberg 1831 (see below for synonymy) V02
    |    |    |--H. sanguineus Rüppell & Leuckart 1831 V03 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |--H. flammulatus (Q. & Gaim. 1833) [=Doris flammulata] H09
    |    |    `--H. mormosus Marcus & Marcus 1962 V02
    |    |--Aegiretidae BR05
    |    |    |--Notodoris Bergh 1875 [Notodorididae, Notodoridinae] BR05
    |    |    |    `--N. serenae Gosliner & Behrens 1997 BW09
    |    |    `--Aegires Lovén 1844 [Aegiretinae, Aegirinae] V02
    |    |         `--A. albopunctatus MacFarland 1905 V02
    |    `--Gymnodorididae BR05
    |         |--Fucola Quoy & Gaimard 1833 [Fucolidae] BR05
    |         |--Gymnodoris Stimpson 1855 BR05
    |         |    |--G. citrina (Bergh 1875) BW09
    |         |    `--G. rubropapulosa (Bergh 1905) MG-H11
    |         |--Roboastra Bergh 1877 F78
    |         |    |--*R. gracilis Bergh 1877 F78
    |         |    `--R. tigris Farmer 1978 F78
    |         `--Tambja Burn 1962 F78
    |              |--*T. verconis (Basedow & Hedley 1905) [=Nembrotha verconis] F78
    |              |--T. abdere Farmer 1978 F78
    |              |--T. eliora (Marcus & Marcus 1967) [=Nembrotha eliora; incl. N. hubbsi Lance 1968] F78
    |              |--T. fusca Farmer 1978 F78
    |              `--T. mullineri Farmer 1978 F78
    `--Onchidoridoidea [Onchidoridacea] BR05
         |--Corambidae [Corambiadae] BR05
         |    |--Loy Martynov 1994 [Loyinae] BR05
         |    `--Corambe Bergh 1869 [Corambinae] BR05
         |         `--C. obscura [incl. Doridella batava] CG99
         |--Onchidorididae [Leptoglossae, Onchidoridae, Pseudodorididae] BR05
         |    |--Villiersia d’Orbigny 1837 [Villiersiidae] BR05
         |    |--Calycidoris Abraham 1876 BR05, V02 [Calycidorididae]
         |    |    `--C. guntheri Abraham 1876 V02
         |    |--Onchidoris Blainville 1816 (see below for synonymy) BR05
         |    |    |--O. bilamellata (Linnaeus 1767) V02 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |    `--O. muricata (Müller 1776) F97
         |    `--Acanthodoris Gray 1850 [Acanthodoridinae] BR05
         |         |--*A. pilosa (Müller 1789) P61, H01
         |         |--A. falklandica Eliot 1907 H01
         |         |--A. globosa Abraham 1877 P61
         |         `--A. molicella Abraham 1877 P61
         `--Goniodorididae [Goniodoridinae, Okeniidae] BR05
              |--Alliodoris MG-H11
              |--Ceratodoris Gray 1850 R95 (see below for synonymy)
              |    `--*C. eolida (Quoy & Gaimard 1832) (see below for synonymy) R95
              |--Ancula Lovén 1846 [Anculinae] BR05
              |    |--A. cristata H04
              |    `--A. gibbosa (Risso 1818) H01
              |--Goniodoris Forbes & Goodsir 1839 BR05
              |    |--*G. nodosa [=Doris nodosa] P61
              |    |--G. castanea Alder & Hancock 1846 P61
              |    `--G. punctata Bergh 1905 P61
              `--Okenia Menke 1830 [Okeniinae] BR05
                   |--O. aspersa (Alder & Hancock 1845) H01
                   |--O. luna Millen et al. 1994 H01
                   `--O. pellucida Burn 1967 HJ08

Ceratodoris Gray 1850 R95 [=Echinodoris Bergh 1874 R95; incl. Hopkinsia MacFarland 1905 R95, BR05, Hopkinsiella Baba 1938 R95; Hopkinsiinae]

*Ceratodoris eolida (Quoy & Gaimard 1832) [=Doris eolida, *Echinodoris eolida; incl. Okenia plana Baba 1960, Hopkinsia plana] R95

‘Doris’ tuberculata Müller 1778 [incl. D. brittanica Johnston 1838 (n. n.), Archidoris brittanica, D. montagui Johnston 1838 (n. n.)] V02

Hexabranchus Ehrenberg 1831 [incl. Aethedoris Abraham 1877, Albania Collingwood 1881, Heptabranchus Adams 1848, Rhacodoris Mörch 1863; Hexabranchidae, Hexabranchinae] V02

Hexabranchus sanguineus Rüppell & Leuckart 1831 V03 [=Doris sanguinea (nom. prot.) V02; incl. *Hexabranchus praetextus Ehrenberg 1831 V02, *Aethedoris indica Abraham 1877 V02, *Albania formosa Collingwood 1881 V02, Doris lacera Cuvier 1804 (n. o.) V02, D. laciniata (l. c.) V02, Hexabranchus lacer V02, *Rhacodoris laciniata (l. c.) V02, *Heptabranchus burnettii Adams 1848 V02]

Onchidoris Blainville 1816 [=Onchidorus; incl. Ancylodoris Dybowski 1900, Lamellidoris Alder & Hancock 1855; Ancylodorididae, Lamellidorididae, Onchidoridinae] BR05

Onchidoris bilamellata
(Linnaeus 1767) V02 [incl. *Ancylodoris baicalensis Dybowski 1900 BR05, O. fusca (Müller 1776) F97]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B77] Bertsch, H. 1977. The Chromodoridinae nudibranchs from the Pacific coast of America.—Part I. Investigative methods and supra-specific taxonomy. Veliger 20 (2): 107–118.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[CG99] Carlton, J. T., J. B. Geller, M. L. Reaka-Kudla & E. A. Norse. 1999. Historical extinctions in the sea. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30: 315–338.

[F78] Farmer, W. M. 1978. Tambja and Roboastra (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia) from the Gulf of California and the Galápagos Islands. Veliger 20 (4): 375–385.

[F97] Folino, N. C. 1997. The role of prey mobility in the population ecology of the nudibranch Cuthona nana (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia). American Malacological Bulletin 14 (1): 17–25.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[HJ08] Huisman, J. M., D. S. Jones, F. E. Wells & T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 1–44.

[H01] Huys, R. 2001. Splanchnotrophid systematics: a case of polyphyly and taxonomic myopia. Journal of Crustacean Biology 21 (1): 106–156.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[R95] Rudman, W. B. 1995. The Chromodorididae (Opisthobranchia: Mollusca) of the Indo-West Pacific: further species from New Caledonia and the Noumea romeri colour group. Molluscan Research 16: 1–43.

[V02] Valdés, Á. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis and systematic revision of the cryptobranch dorids (Mollusca, Nudibranchia, Anthobranchia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 136: 535–636.

[V03] Valdés, Á. 2003. Preliminary molecular phylogeny of the radula-less dorids (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia), based on 16S mtDNA sequence data. Journal of Molluscan Studies 69: 75–80.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS