Brown-backed mockingbirds Mimus dorsalis, copyright Ron Knight.

Belongs within: Muscicapoidea.

The Mimidae, mockingbirds and thrashers, are medium-sized thrush-like birds found in the New World. They have short wings, a long tail and long legs, and are usually dull in coloration (Internet Bird Collection).

    |--+--Melanotis JF06
    |  |    |--M. caerulescens JF06
    |  |    |--M. hypoleucus BKB15
    |  |    `--M. longicaudatus JT12
    |  `--+--Melanoptila glabirostris BKB15
    |     `--+--Dumetella carolinensis BKB15
    |        `--+--Ramphocinclus brachyurus JT12
    |           |    |--R. b. brachyurus FP64
    |           |    `--R. b. sanctaeluciae FP64
    |           `--+--Allenia fusca BKB15 [=Margarops fuscus JT12]
    |              |    |--A. f. fusca L03
    |              |    `--‘Margarops fuscus’ atlanticus Buden 1993 L03
    |              `--+--Margarops fuscatus JT12
    |                 `--Cinclocerthia Gray 1840 JT12, OF05 [incl. Orphanopsar Hachikusa 1953 OF05]
    |                      |--C. gutturalis (Lafresnaye 1843) OF05 (see below for synonymy)
    |                      |--C. macrorhyncha Sclater 1866 OF05
    |                      |--C. ruficauda Gould 1836 OF05
    |                      |    |--C. r. ruficauda OF05
    |                      |    `--C. r. tenebrosa Ridgway 1904 OF05 [incl. C. walteri Thayer 1925 L03]
    |                      `--C. tremula (Lafresnaye 1843) OF05 [=C. ruficauda tremula MS55]
    |                           |--C. t. tremula OF05
    |                           `--C. t. pavida Ridgway 1904 OF05
    `--+--Toxostoma Wagler 1831 JF06, B94 [Toxostomidae]
       |    |  i. s.: T. dorsale FP64
       |    |--+--+--T. bendirei JT12
       |    |  |  `--T. cinereum JT12
       |    |  `--+--T. redivivum JT12
       |    |     `--+--T. crissale JT12
       |    |        `--T. lecontei Lawrence 1851 JT12, L03
       |    `--+--T. ocellatum JT12
       |       `--+--T. curvirostre JT12
       |          |    |--T. c. curvirostre L03
       |          |    `--T. c. palmeri (Ridgway ex Coues 1872) [=Harporhynchus curvirostris var. palmeri] L03
       |          `--+--T. guttatum BKB15
       |             `--+--T. longirostre BKB15
       |                `--T. rufum BKB15
       `--+--Oreoscoptes montanus JF06
          `--Mimus Boie 1826 JF06, B94
               |  i. s.: M. leucospilos S66
               |--M. gundlachii BKB15
               `--+--+--+--M. macdonaldi BKB15
                  |  |  `--M. melanotis JT12
                  |  `--+--M. parvulus JT12
                  |     `--M. trifasciatus JT12
                  `--+--+--M. longicaudatus Tschudi 1844 BKB15, L03
                     |  |    |--M. l. longicaudatus [incl. M. nigriloris Lawrence 1871] L03
                     |  |    `--M. l. platensis Chapman 1924 L03
                     |  `--+--M. graysoni JT12
                     |     `--+--M. gilvus JT12
                     |        |    |--M. g. gilvus L03
                     |        |    |--M. g. antillarum Hellmayr & Seilern 1915 L03
                     |        |    |--M. g. melanopterus Lawrence 1849 L03
                     |        |    |--M. g. tobagensis Dalmas 1900 L03
                     |        |    `--M. g. tolimensis L81
                     |        `--M. polyglottos JT12
                     |             |--M. p. polyglottos L81
                     |             `--M. p. orpheus L81
                     `--+--+--M. patagonicus BKB15
                        |  `--M. thenca JT12
                        `--+--M. saturninus JT12
                           |    |--M. s. saturninus L03
                           |    `--M. s. arenaceus Chapman 1890 L03
                           `--+--M. dorsalis JT12
                              `--M. triurus JT12

Mimidae incertae sedis:
  Myiadestes genibarbis MS55
    |--M. g. genibarbis MS55
    `--M. g. sibilans MS55
  Mimocichla MS55
    |--M. plumbea MS55
    |    |--M. p. plumbea MS55
    |    `--M. p. coryi MS55
    `--M. rubripes MS55
         |--M. r. rubripes MS55
         `--M. r. eremita MS55
  Nesomimus trifasciatus L03
    |--N. t. trifasciatus L03
    |--N. t. barringtoni Rothschild 1898 [=N. carringtoni, N. parvulus barringtoni] L03
    |--N. t. bauri Ridgway 1894 [=N. parvulus bauri] L03
    |--N. t. hulli Rothschild 1898 [=N. parvulus hulli] L03
    |--N. t. melanotis (Gould 1837) [incl. N. adamsi Ridgway 1894] L03
    |--N. t. personatus Ridgway 1890 [=N. parvulus personatus; incl. N. bindloei Ridgway 1894] L03
    `--N. t. parvulus (Gould 1837) [incl. N. affinis Rothschild 1898] L03

Cinclocerthia gutturalis (Lafresnaye 1843) OF05 [=Ramphocinclus gutturalis OF05, C. ruficauda gutturalis MS55; incl. Necropsar leguati Forbes 1898 OF05, *Orphanopsar leguati OF05]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149–186.

[L03] LeCroy, M. 2003. Type specimens of birds in the American Museum of Natural History. Part 5. Passeriformes: Alaudidae, Hirundinidae, Motacillidae, Campephagidae, Pycnonotidae, Irenidae, Laniidae, Vangidae, Bombycillidae, Dulidae, Cinclidae, Troglodytidae, and Mimidae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 278: 1–156.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[MS55] Mertens, R., & J. Steinbacher. 1955. Die im Senckenberg-Museum vorhandenen Arten ausgestorbener, aussterbender oder seltener Vögel. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (3–4): 241–265.

[OF05] Olson, S. L., R. C. Fleischer, C. T. Fisher & E. Bermingham. 2005. Expunging the 'Mascarene starling' Necropsar leguati: archives, morphology and molecules topple a myth. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 125 (1): 31–42.

[S66] Sclater, P. L. 1866. On the birds in the vicinity of Lima, Peru. With notes on their habits, by Prof. W. Nation, of Lima, C. M. Z. S. (Part I.) Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 96–100.

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