Green-headed tanager Tangara seledon, copyright Lindolfo Souto.

Belongs within: Thraupidae.
Contains: Thraupis.

Tangara is a diverse genus of small tanagers, widespread in the Neotropical region, showing a wide range of bright colour patterns. They feed on a combination of fruit and insects, the latter mostly gleaned off vegetation.

<==Tangara Brisson 1760 [incl. Calliste Boie 1826, Tanagrella Swainson 1838; Callistinae, Tanagrellinae, Tangarinae] B94
    |  i. s.: ‘Calliste’ boliviana SS66
    |         T. cabanisi JT12
    |         T. gyroloides S18
    |         R. peruviana JT12
    |         T. phillipsi JT12
    |         T. rufigenis JT12
    |         ‘Calliste’ yeni SS66
    |--+--+--T. vassorii BKB15
    |  |  `--+--T. nigroviridis JF06
    |  |     `--+--T. dowii JF06
    |  |        `--T. fucosa JF06
    |  `--+--Thraupis BKB15
    |     `--+--+--+--T. larvata BKB15 [=T. nigrocincta larvata L81]
    |        |  |  |    |--T. l. larvata S18
    |        |  |  |    `--T. l. fanny S18
    |        |  |  `--+--T. cyanicollis BKB15
    |        |  |     `--T. nigrocincta BKB15
    |        |  `--+--T. palmeri BKB15
    |        |     `--+--T. varia BKB15
    |        |        `--+--T. rufigula JT12
    |        |           `--+--T. punctata BKB15
    |        |              `--+--T. guttata BKB15
    |        |                 `--T. xanthogastra BKB15 [=Calliste xanthogastra SS66]
    |        `--+--+--T. preciosa BKB15
    |           |  `--+--T. meyerdeschauenseei JT12
    |           |     `--+--T. cayana BKB15
    |           |        `--+--T. cucullata BKB15
    |           |           `--T. vitriolina BKB15
    |           `--+--T. ruficervix BKB15
    |              `--+--T. cyanoptera BKB15
    |                 `--+--T. viridicollis BKB15
    |                    `--+--T. argyrofenges JF06
    |                       `--T. heinei JF06
    `--+--T. labradorides JT12
       `--+--+--+--T. chrysotis JF06
          |  |  `--T. xanthocephala BKB15
          |  `--+--+--T. arthus BKB15
          |     |  `--+--T. florida JF06
          |     |     `--T. icterocephala JF06
          |     `--+--T. johannae BKB15
          |        `--+--T. parzudakii BKB15
          |           `--T. schrankii BKB15 [=Calliste schranki SS66]
          `--+--+--+--T. inornata JF06
             |  |  `--T. mexicana JF06
             |  `--+--T. chilensis JF06
             |     `--+--T. callophrys JF06
             |        `--T. velia JF06
             `--+--+--T. cyanotis BKB15
                |  `--+--T. gyrola BKB15
                |     `--T. lavinia JF06
                `--+--+--T. fastuosa JF06
                   |  `--T. seledon JF06
                   `--+--T. cyanocephala JF06
                      `--+--T. cyanoventris JT12
                         `--T. desmaresti JF06

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149–186.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[SS66] Sclater, P. L., & O. Salvin. 1866. Catalogue of birds collected by Mr. E. Bartlett on the River Uyacali, Eastern Peru, with notes and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 175–201.

[S18] Stone, W. 1918. Birds of the Panama Canal Zone, with special reference to a collection made by Mr. Lindsey L. Jewel. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 239–280.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS