Passeridae

Tree sparrows Passer montanus, copyright Jimmy Palma Gil.


Belongs within: Passeroidea.

The Passeridae, Old World sparrows and snowfinches, are a family of small, stocky birds native to the Old World. They have a short, thick, conical bill with a decurved culmen, and short legs. Most are dull in coloration.

<==Passeridae [Passerinae, Passernia]
    |  i. s.: Pseudonigrita Reichenow 1903 JT12, B94 [Pseudonigritinae]
    |           |--P. arnaudi JT12
    |           `--P. cabanisi JT12
    |         Histurgops ruficaudus JT12
    |--‘Petronia’ brachydactyla JT12
    |--Hypocryptadius Hartert 1903 BKB15, B94 [Hypocryptadiidae]
    |    `--H. cinnamomeus BKB15
    `--+--+--Petronia Kaup 1829 QE06, M02
       |  |    |--P. petronia (Linnaeus 1766) [=Fringilla petronia] M02
       |  |    |--P. pyrgita JF06
       |  |    |--P. superciliaris JT12
       |  |    `--P. xanthocollis S02
       |  `--+--Onychostruthus taczanowskii [=Montifringilla taczanowskii, Pyrgilauda taczanowskii] QE06
       |     `--+--Montifringilla Brehm 1828 QE06, B94
       |        |    |--M. henrici [=M. nivalis henrici] QE06
       |        |    `--+--M. adamsi QE06
       |        |       `--M. nivalis QE06
       |        `--Pyrgilauda QE06
       |             |  i. s.: P. therease [=Montifringilla therease] QE06
       |             |--P. ruficollis [=Montifringilla ruficollis] QE06
       |             `--+--P. blanfordi [=Montifringilla blanfordi] QE06
       |                `--P. davidiana [=Montifringilla davidiana] QE06
       `--+--‘Petronia’ dentata BKB15
          `--Passer Brisson 1760 QE06, M02
               |  i. s.: P. arcuatus S66
               |         P. castanopterus JT12
               |         P. cordofanicus JT12
               |         P. diffusus JT12
               |         P. eminibey JT12
               |         P. euchlorus JT12
               |         P. gongonensis JT12
               |         P. griseus JT12
               |         P. hemileucus JT12
               |         P. iagoensis L81
               |         P. moabiticus JT12
               |         P. motitensis JT12
               |         P. pyrrhonotus JT12
               |         P. rufocinctus JT12
               |         P. shelleyi JT12
               |         P. simplex JT12
               |         P. suahelicus JT12
               |         P. swainsonii JT12
               |--+--P. ammodendri JT12
               |  `--+--P. griseus JT12
               |     `--P. melanurus JT12
               `--+--P. rutilans JT12
                  `--+--P. montanus (Linnaeus 1758) JT12, M02 [=Fringilla montana M02]
                     |    |--P. m. montanus L81
                     |    |--P. m. catellatus L81
                     |    |--P. m. dilutus L81
                     |    |--P. m. malaccensis L81
                     |    `--P. m. saturatus L81
                     `--+--P. luteus BKB15
                        `--+--P. flaveolus BKB15
                           `--+--P. insularis JT12
                              `--+--P. hispaniolensis BKB15
                                 `--+--*P. domesticus (Linnaeus 1758) CC10, JT12, MOW02 [=Fringilla domestica GQ01]
                                    |    |--P. d. domesticus L81
                                    |    |--P. d. arboreus L81
                                    |    |--P. d. bactrianus L81
                                    |    |--P. d. indicus L81
                                    |    |--P. d. niloticus L81
                                    |    `--P. d. rufidorsalis L81
                                    `--P. italiae JF06

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[GQ01] Gauthier, J., & K. de Queiroz. 2001. Feathered dinosaurs, flying dinosaurs, crown dinosaurs, and the name "Aves". In: Gauthier, J., & L. F. Gall (eds) New Perspectives on the Origin and Early Evolution of Birds: Proceedings of the International Symposium in Honor of John H. Ostrom, pp. 7–41. Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University: New Haven.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149–186.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[MOW02] Maryańska, T., H. Osmólska & M. Wolsan. 2002. Avialan status for Oviraptorosauria. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 47 (1): 97–116.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[QE06] Qu, Y., P. G. P. Ericson, F. Lei, A. Gebauer, M. Kaiser & A. J. Helbig. 2006. Molecular phylogenetic relationship of snow finch complex (genera Montifringilla, Pyrgilauda, and Onychostruthus) from the Tibetan Plateau. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 218–226.

[S02] Santharam, V. 2002. Fruit and nectar resources in a moist deciduous forest and their use by birds—a preliminary report. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 537–543.

[S66] Sclater, P. L. 1866. Report on birds collected at Windvogelberg, South Africa, by Capt. G. E. Bulger, C. M. Z. S. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 21–23.

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