Tree sparrows Passer montanus, copyright Jimmy Palma Gil.

Belongs within: Passerida.

The Passeridae, Old World sparrows and snowfinches, are a family of small, stocky birds native to the Old World. They have a short, thick, conical bill with a decurved culmen, and short legs. Most are dull in coloration. The house sparrow Passer domesticus, originally native to western Eurasia, has become widely distributed in association with humans and can now be found in southern Africa, Australasia and the Americas.

<==Passeridae [Passerinae, Passernia]
    |  i. s.: Pseudonigrita Reichenow 1903 JT12, B94 [Pseudonigritinae]
    |           |--P. arnaudi JT12
    |           `--P. cabanisi JT12
    |         Histurgops ruficaudus JT12
    |--‘Petronia’ brachydactyla JT12
    |--Hypocryptadius Hartert 1903 BKB15, B94 [Hypocryptadiidae]
    |    `--H. cinnamomeus BKB15
    `--+--+--Petronia Kaup 1829 QE06, M02
       |  |    |--P. petronia (Linnaeus 1766) [=Fringilla petronia] M02
       |  |    |--P. pyrgita JT12
       |  |    |--P. superciliaris JT12
       |  |    `--P. xanthocollis JT12
       |  `--+--Onychostruthus taczanowskii [=Montifringilla taczanowskii, Pyrgilauda taczanowskii] QE06
       |     `--+--Montifringilla Brehm 1828 QE06, B94
       |        |    |--M. henrici [=M. nivalis henrici] QE06
       |        |    `--+--M. adamsi QE06
       |        |       `--M. nivalis QE06
       |        `--Pyrgilauda QE06
       |             |  i. s.: P. therease [=Montifringilla therease] QE06
       |             |--P. ruficollis [=Montifringilla ruficollis] QE06
       |             `--+--P. blanfordi [=Montifringilla blanfordi] QE06
       |                `--P. davidiana [=Montifringilla davidiana] QE06
       `--+--‘Petronia’ dentata BKB15
          `--Passer Brisson 1760 QE06, M02
               |  i. s.: P. arcuatus S66
               |         P. castanopterus JT12
               |         P. cordofanicus JT12
               |         P. diffusus JT12
               |         P. eminibey JT12
               |         P. euchlorus JT12
               |         P. gongonensis JT12
               |         P. griseus JT12
               |         P. hemileucus JT12
               |         P. iagoensis JT12
               |         P. moabiticus JT12
               |         P. motitensis JT12
               |         P. pyrrhonotus JT12
               |         P. rufocinctus JT12
               |         P. shelleyi JT12
               |         P. simplex JT12
               |         P. suahelicus JT12
               |         P. swainsonii JT12
               |--+--P. ammodendri JT12
               |  `--+--P. griseus JT12
               |     `--P. melanurus JT12
               `--+--P. rutilans JT12
                  `--+--P. montanus (Linnaeus 1758) JT12, CC10 [=Fringilla montana CC10]
                     |    |--P. m. montanus L81
                     |    |--P. m. catellatus L81
                     |    |--P. m. dilutus L81
                     |    |--P. m. malaccensis L81
                     |    `--P. m. saturatus L81
                     `--+--P. luteus BKB15
                        `--+--P. flaveolus BKB15
                           `--+--P. insularis JT12
                              `--+--P. hispaniolensis BKB15
                                 `--+--*P. domesticus (Linnaeus 1758) CC10, JT12, CC10 [=Fringilla domestica CC10]
                                    |    |--P. d. domesticus L81
                                    |    |--P. d. arboreus L81
                                    |    |--P. d. bactrianus L81
                                    |    |--P. d. indicus L81
                                    |    |--P. d. niloticus L81
                                    |    `--P. d. rufidorsalis L81
                                    `--P. italiae JF06

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149–186.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[QE06] Qu, Y., P. G. P. Ericson, F. Lei, A. Gebauer, M. Kaiser & A. J. Helbig. 2006. Molecular phylogenetic relationship of snow finch complex (genera Montifringilla, Pyrgilauda, and Onychostruthus) from the Tibetan Plateau. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 218–226.

[S66] Sclater, P. L. 1866. Report on birds collected at Windvogelberg, South Africa, by Capt. G. E. Bulger, C. M. Z. S. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 21–23.

Last updated: 7 July 2019.

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