Male hooded oriole Icterus cucullatus, copyright Linda Tanner.

Belongs within: Icteridae.

Icterus, the New World orioles, is a genus of strikingly coloured birds found in North and South America. Members of this genus have a pointed bill and a long tail; males are black and yellow or orange with white markings, with females being duller.

<==Icterus Brisson 1760 [incl. Xanthornus Pallas 1769; Xanthorninae] B94
    |  i. s.: I. giraudi S18
    |         I. northropi HSS13
    |         I. sclateri FS55
    |--+--+--I. parisorum JF06
    |  |  `--+--I. chrysater JF06
    |  |     `--I. graduacauda JF06
    |  `--+--I. leucopteryx JT12
    |     `--+--+--I. auratus JT12
    |        |  `--+--I. gularis JF06
    |        |     `--I. nigrogularis JF06
    |        `--+--+--I. abeillei JT12 [=I. bullockii abeillei R70]
    |           |  `--I. galbula JT12
    |           `--+--I. bullockii JT12 [=I. galbula bullockii R70; incl. I. bullockii parvus van Rossem 1945 R70]
    |              `--I. pustulatus JT12
    `--+--I. maculialatus BKB15
       `--+--+--I. mesomelas BKB15
          |  |    |--I. m. mesomelas S18
          |  |    `--I. m. salvinii S18
          |  `--+--I. croconotus BKB15
          |     |--+--I. graceannae JF06
          |     |  `--I. pectoralis JF06
          |     `--+--I. icterus JF06
          |        |    |--I. i. icterus L81
          |        |    `--I. i. ridgwayi L81
          |        `--I. jamacaii JF06 [=I. icterus jamacaii L81]
          `--+--I. wagleri JF06
             `--+--+--I. cucullatus BKB15
                |  `--+--I. prosthemelas BKB15
                |     `--+--I. fuertesi BKB15
                |        `--I. spurius BKB15
                `--+--I. laudabilis BKB15
                   `--+--I. oberi BKB15
                      `--+--+--I. auricapillus BKB15
                         |  `--I. dominicensis JT12
                         `--+--I. bonana BKB15
                            `--+--I. cayanensis BKB15
                               `--I. chrysocephalus BKB15

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[FS55] Felten, H., & J. Steinbacher. 1955. Zur Vogelfauna von El Salvador. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (1–2): 9–19.

[HSS13] Hirschfeld, E., A. Swash & R. Still. 2013. The World's Rarest Birds. Princeton University Press: Princeton (New Jersey).

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149–186.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[R70] Rising, J. D. 1970. Morphological variation and evolution in some North American orioles. Systematic Zoology 19 (4): 315–351.

[S18] Stone, W. 1918. Birds of the Panama Canal Zone, with special reference to a collection made by Mr. Lindsey L. Jewel. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 239–280.

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