Furcatergalia

Holotype fossil nymph of Furvoneta lucida, from Sinitshenkova (2002b).


Belongs within: Ephemeroptera.
Contains: Ephemerelloidea.

The Furcatergalia are a group of mayflies characterised by bifurcate tergaliae in the nymphs, and a shortened first tarsal segment in the adults (Kluge & Sinitshenkova 2002).

<==Furcatergalia [Ephemeromorpha, Pannota]
    |--+--Caenoidea MD03
    |  |    |--Caenidae [Caenoptera] KS02
    |  |    |    |--Caenis rivulorum Eaton 1884 M86
    |  |    |    `--Tasmanocaenis P07
    |  |    `--Neoephemeridae MD03
    |  |         |--Neoephemera MD03
    |  |         `--Potamanthellus rubiensis S02a
    |  `--+--Ephemerelloidea MD03
    |     `--Mesonetidae GE05
    |          |--Mesoneta antiqua S02b
    |          |--Clavineta Sinitshenkova 1991 S02b
    |          |    `--C. cantabilis Sinitshenkova 1991 S02b
    |          `--Furvoneta Sinitshenkova 1985 S02b
    |               |--F. lata (Sinitshenkova 1976) S02b
    |               |--F. lucida Sinitshenkova 2002 S02b
    |               |--F. sobria Sinitshenkova 2002 S02b
    |               `--F. undina (Sinitshenkova 1976) S02b
    `--+--+--Behningiidae [Behningioidea] GE05
       |  `--Torephemeridae GE05
       |       |--Archaeobehningia KS02
       |       `--Torephemera S02a
       |--Leptophlebiidae [Leptophlebioidea] GE05
       |    |--Conovirillus KS02
       |    |--Lepismophlebia platymera S02a
       |    |--Leptoneta Sinitshenkova 1989 non Simon 1872 KS02
       |    |--Massartella MD03
       |    |--Deleatidium myzobranchia CQ04, PC66
       |    |--Acanthophlebia cruentata CQ04
       |    |--Atalophlebia ZS10
       |    |--Jappa ZS10
       |    |--Ulmerophlebia ZS10
       |    |--Leptophlebia KS02 [incl. Oligophlebia Demoulin 1965 D70, Paraleptophlebia Lestage 1917 KS02, D70]
       |    |    |--‘Potamanthus’ priscus Pictet 1856 (see below for synonymy) D70
       |    |    |--‘Paraleptophlebia’ spinosa Ueno 1931 TYM08
       |    |    `--L. vespertina (Linnaeus 1758) M86
       |    |--Zephlebia PC66
       |    |    |--Z. cruentata PC66
       |    |    |--Z. dentata PC66
       |    |    `--Z. versicolor PC66
       |    |--Atalomicria P07
       |    |--Austrophlebioides P07
       |    |--Koorrnonga P07
       |    |--Nousia P07
       |    `--Thraulus P07
       `--Ephemeroidea [Pinnatitergaliae] GE05
            |  i. s.: Australiphemera [Australiphemeridae] KS02
            |         Microphemera KS02
            |         Pristiplocia KS02
            |         Palaeoanthidae KS02
            |--Euthyplociidae KS02
            |--Potamanthus M86 [Potamanthidae KS02]
            |    `--P. luteus (Linnaeus 1758) M86
            `--Fossoriae KS02
                 |--Ichthybotus PC66 [Ichthyobotidae KS02]
                 |    `--I. hudsoni PC66
                 |--Cryptoprosternata KS02
                 |    |--Pentagenia [Palingeniidae] KS02
                 |    `--Polymitarcyidae KS02
                 `--Ephemeridae KS02
                      |--Litobrancha palaearctica KS02
                      |--Hexagenia limbata TW05, RS10
                      |--Rhitrogena K01
                      `--Ephemera D56
                           |--E. danica D56
                           `--E. vulgata D56

‘Potamanthus’ priscus Pictet 1856 [=Paraleptophlebia prisca; incl. Oligophlebia calliarcys Demoulin 1965, O. longiceps Demoulin 1965] D70a

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[CQ04] Collier, K. J., & J. M. Quinn. 2004. Factors affecting distribution and abundance of the mayfly Acanthophlebia cruentata (Leptophlebiidae) in North Island, New Zealand, streams. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 17-28.

[D56] Dawes, B. 1956. The Trematoda with special reference to British and other European forms. University Press: Cambridge.

[D70] Demoulin, G. 1970. Troisieme contribution a la connaisance des ephemeropteres d l'ambre Oligocene de la Baltique. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 46 (2): 1-11.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[K01] Klapálek, F. 1901. Neuropteroidák [Neuropteroiden]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy], Band II. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy], pp. 203-221. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[KS02] Kluge, N. Yu., & N. D. Sinitshenkova. 2002. Order Ephemerida Latreille, 1810. The true mayflies (=Ephemeroptera Hyatt et Arms, 1891 (s. l.); =Euephemeroptera Kluge, 2000. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 89-97. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[M86] Marten, M. 1986. Drei für Deutschland neue und weitere, selten gefundene Eintagsfliegen aus der Fulda (Insecta, Ephemeroptera). Spixiana 9 (2): 169-173.

[MD03] Molineri, C., & E. Domínguez. 2003. Nymph and egg of Melanemerella brasiliana (Ephemeroptera: Ephemerelloidea: Melanemerellidae), with comments on its systematic position and the higher classification of Ephemerelloidea. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 22 (2): 263-275.

[PC66] Pendergrast, J. G., & D. R. Cowley. 1966. An Introduction to New Zealand Freshwater Insects. Collins: Auckland.

[P07] Proctor, H. C. 2007. Aquatic mites in assessments of stream invertebrate diversity. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress, pp. 105-117. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[RS10] Regier, J. C., J. W. Shultz, A. Zwick, A. Hussey, B. Ball, R. Wetzer, J. W. Martin & C. W. Cunningham. 2010. Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences. Nature 463: 1079-1083.

[S02a] Sinitshenkova, N. D. 2002a. Ecological history of the aquatic insects. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 388-426. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[S02b] Sinitshenkova, N. D. 2002b. New late Mesozoic mayflies from the Shar-Teeg locality, Mongolia (Insecta, Ephemerida = Ephemeroptera). Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 2002 (3): 43-48 (transl. Paleontological Journal 36 (3): 270-276).

[TYM08] Tennent, W. J., M. Yasuda & K. Morimoto. 2008. Lansania Journal of arachnology and zoology—a rare and obscure Japanese natural history journal. Archives of Natural History 35 (2): 252-280.

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240-257.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P. & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

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