Ephemerelloidea

Ephemerella notata, from here.


Belongs within: Furcatergalia.

The Ephemerelloidea are a group of mayflies in which the nymphs have the musculature of the maxillary and labial palps reduced, being adapted to shredding food items with the mandibles.

Synapomorphies (from Molineri & Dominguez 2003): Adults with base of wing vein CuA detached from R1, directed to CuP. Nymphs with labial palp segment 3 reduced; transversal row of spines present at base of femora II and III; gills with ventral lamellae bifid; branchial lobes along entire margin of lamellae.

<==Ephemerelloidea
    |--Lithogloea MD03
    `--+--Ephemerella [Ephemerellidae, Ephemerellinae] MD03
       |    |--E. inconstans RS10
       |    |--E. major (Klapálek 1905) M86
       |    `--E. notata Eaton 1887 M86
       `--+--Teloganodinae MD03
          |    |  i. s.: Ephemerellina MD03
          |    |--Manohyphella [Teloganodidae] MD03
          |    `--+--Teloganella [Teloganellidae] MD03
          |       `--Melanemerella Ulmer 1920 [Melanemerellidae, Melanemerellinae] MD03
          |            `--*M. brasiliana Ulmer 1920 MD03
          `--+--Austremerella MD03
             `--+--Ephemerythus MD03
                `--+--Machadorythus MD03
                   `--+--Tricorythus [Tricorythidae] MD03
                      `--+--Coryphorus [Coryphoryidae] MD03
                         `--Leptohyphidae MD03
                              |--Tricorythopsis MD03
                              `--+--+--Tricorythodes MD03
                                 |  `--+--Haplohyphes MD03
                                 |     `--Leptohyphodes MD03
                                 `--+--Leptohyphes MD03
                                    `--+--Traverhyphes MD03
                                       |--Yaurina MD03
                                       `--Allenhyphes MD03

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[M86] Marten, M. 1986. Drei für Deutschland neue und weitere, selten gefundene Eintagsfliegen aus der Fulda (Insecta, Ephemeroptera). Spixiana 9 (2): 169-173.

[MD03] Molineri, C., & E. Domínguez. 2003. Nymph and egg of Melanemerella brasiliana (Ephemeroptera: Ephemerelloidea: Melanemerellidae), with comments on its systematic position and the higher classification of Ephemerelloidea. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 22 (2): 263-275.

[RS10] Regier, J. C., J. W. Shultz, A. Zwick, A. Hussey, B. Ball, R. Wetzer, J. W. Martin & C. W. Cunningham. 2010. Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences. Nature 463: 1079-1083.

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