Candonidae

Cyclocypris globosa, from Zoologische Staatssammlung Muenchen.


Belongs within: Cypridocopina.
Contains: Pseudocandona, Mixtacandona, Candonopsini.

The Candonidae is a group of ostracods including the marine Paracypridinae and the non-marine Cyclocypridinae and Candoninae.

Characters (from Athersuch et al. 1989): Surface smooth or weakly ornamented; sulci and tubercles absent. Hinge adont. Muscle scars comprise an elongate scar beneath which there is an anterior row of three scars and a posterior row of two scars. First endopodite podomere of antenna with a single club-shaped seta (possibly aesthetasc). Palp of maxilliped transformed into clasping organ in male. Seventh limb inverted, leg-like, with three terminal setae. Furca with two terminal chelate setae. Zenker's organ with five to eight rosettes of chitinous spines; testes and ovaries entering duplicature.

Candonidae
    |  i. s.: Areacandona EHH05
    |         Deminutiocandona EHH05
    |         Humphreyscandona EHH05
    |         Meridiescandona EHH05
    |         Neocandona EHH05
    |         Notacandona EHH05
    |         Origocandona EHH05
    |         Pilbaracandona EHH05
    |--Paracypridinae [Paracyprididae] NT02
    |    |--Paracypris regularis RR03
    |    |--Phlyctenophora mesembria Wouters 1999 PH13
    |    |--Coralliaglaia Hartmann 1974 DH86
    |    |    `--C. corallicola Hartmann 1974 DH86
    |    |--Macrocyprina Triebel 1960 S-VC91
    |    |    `--M. pacifica S-VC91
    |    `--Dolerocypria Tressler 1937 [Thalassocypridini] NT02
    |         |--D. mukaishimensis Okubo 1980 NT02
    |         `--D. taalensis (Tressler 1937) NT02
    |--Cyclocypridinae F08
    |    |--Physocypria Vavra 1898 DH86
    |    |    |--P. dumonti Martens 1982 DH86
    |    |    `--P. kraepelini F08
    |    |--Cypria Zenker 1854 DH86
    |    |    |--C. karamani Petkovski 1976 DH86
    |    |    |--C. ophthalmica D01
    |    |    `--C. stygia Klie 1935 DH86
    |    `--Cyclocypris Brady & Norman 1889 F08
    |         |--C. globosa F08
    |         |--C. laevis D01
    |         |--C. ovoides Alm 1914 [=C. globosa var. ovoides] F08
    |         `--C. serena (Koch 1838) F08
    `--Candoninae K08
         |  i. s.: Pseudocandona DH86
         |         Mixtacandona DH86
         |         Danielocandona Broodbakker 1983 DH86
         |           `--D. lieshoutae Broodbakker 1983 DH86
         |         Phreatocandona Danielopol 1978 DH86
         |           `--P. motasi Danielopol 1978 DH86
         |         Nannocandona Ekman 1914 DH86
         |           |--N. faba Ekman 1914 F08
         |           `--N. stygia Sywula 1976 DH86
         |         Cryptocandona Kaufmann 1900 DH86
         |           |--C. brehmi (Klie 1934) DH86
         |           |--C. dudichi (Klie 1930) DH86
         |           |--C. juvavi (Brehm 1954) DH86
         |           |--C. kieferi (Klie 1938) DH86
         |           |--C. leruthi (Klie 1936) DH86
         |           |--C. matris (Sywula 1976) DH86
         |           `--C. phreaticola (Klie 1927) DH86
         |         Eucandona van Daday 1900 [incl. Fabaeformiscandona Krstic 1972] PK04
         |           |--*E. balatonica (van Daday 1893) PK04
         |           |--E. acuminata [=Fabaeformiscandona acuminata] PK04
         |           |--‘Fabaeformiscandona’ brevicornis F08
         |           |--E. csikii Daday 1901 D01
         |           |--E. fabaeformis (Fischer 1851) (see below for synonymy) PK04
         |           |--E. forma Karanovic 1999 PK04
         |           |--E. holzkampfi (Hartwig 1900) [=Candona holzkampfi, Fabaeformiscandona holzkampfi] PK04
         |           |--E. krstici (Petkovski 1969) [=Candona krstici] PK04
         |           |--‘Fabaeformiscandona’ latens (Klie 1940) DH86
         |           |--E. pubescens D01
         |           |--E. svetozari Petkovski & Karanovic 2004 PK04
         |           `--‘Fabaeformiscandona’ wegelini (Petkovski 1962) DH86
         |         Candona Baird 1845 PK04
         |           |--C. abrupta NG13
         |           |--C. altoides F08
         |           |--C. angulata F08
         |           |--C. candida D01
         |           |--C. lindneri F08
         |           |--C. natronophila F08
         |           |--C. neglecta F08
         |           `--C. vernalis Fuhrmann 2008 F08
         `--Candonopsini K08

Eucandona fabaeformis (Fischer 1851) [=Cypris fabaeformis, Candona (Eucandona) fabaeformis, Fabaeformiscandona fabaeformis] PK04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

Athersuch, J., D. J. Horne & J. E. Whittaker. 1989. Marine and Brackish Water Ostracods. E. J. Brill.

[D01] Daday, E. 1901. Édesvizi mikroszkópi állatok [Mikroskopische Süsswasserthiere]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy], Band II. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy], pp. 375-470. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[DH86] Danielopol, D. L., & G. Hartmann. 1986. Ostracoda. In Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) (L. Botosaneanu, ed.) pp. 265-294. E. J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[EHH05] Eberhard, S. M., S. A. Halse & W. F. Humphreys. 2005. Stygofauna in the Pilbara region, north-west Western Australia: a review. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (4): 167-176.

[K08] Karanovic, I. 2008. A new species of the genus Candonopsis (Crustacea, Ostracoda) from Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (4): 411-419.

[NT02] Nakao, Y., & A. Tsukagoshi. 2002. Brackish-water Ostracoda (Crustacea) from the Obitsu River estuary, central Japan. Species Diversity 7 (1): 67-115.

[NG13] Ni, X., D. L. Gebo, M. Dagosto, J. Meng, P. Tafforeau, J. J. Flynn & K. C. Beard. 2013. The oldest known primate skeleton and early haplorhine evolution. Nature 498: 60-64.

[PK04] Petkovski, T. K., & I. Karanovic. 2004. Eucandona svetozari sp. n., a frehwater ostracod from Macedonia (SE Europe) (Crustacea, Ostracoda, Candoninae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 83 (2): 103-111.

[PH13] Poore, G. C. B. & W. F. Humphreys. 2013. Bunderanthura bundera gen. et sp. nov. from Western Australia, first anchialine Leptanthuridae (Isopoda) from the Southern Hemisphere. Records of the Western Australian Museum 28 (1): 21-29.

[RR03] Rossi, A., J. Rey, B. Andreu & K. Taj-Eddine. 2003. Apport des ostracodes à l’interprétation séquentielle du Crétacé inférieur (Berriasien–Valanginien) du bassin d’Essaouira-Agadir (Maroc). Comptes Rendus Palevol 2: 133-141.

[S-VC91] Segura-Vernis, L. R., & A. L. Carreño. 1991. Foraminíferos y ostrácodos de la Laguna de La Paz, Baja California Sur, México. Inv. Mar. CICIMAR 6 (1): 195-224.

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