Field of Science

Splachnales

Tayloria gunnii, from here.


Belongs within: Bryidae.

The Splachnales are a group of mosses producing erect capsules with a differentiated neck. Members of the family Splachnaceae are often found growing on dung or decaying animal matter.

Characters (from Buck & Goffinet 2000): Leaf cells rhombic to elongate, typically smooth. Capsules erect with differentiated neck; peristome single or double; cilia rudimentary or absent.

<==Splachnales
    |--Meesiaceae SK02
    |    |--Meesia Hedw. 1801 SK02
    |    |    |--M. austro-georgica D03
    |    |    |--M. muelleri Müll.Hal. & Hampe 1856 [incl. M. macrantha] SK02
    |    |    |--M. patagonica Dusén 1903 D03
    |    |    `--M. triquetra (Linnaeus ex Jolycl.) Ångström 1844 SK02
    |    `--Leptobryum (Schimp.) Wilson 1855 SK02
    |         |--L. pottiaceum Dusén 1903 D03
    |         |--L. pyriforme (Hedw.) Wilson 1855 (see below for synonymy) SK02
    |         |--L. sericeum Kindb. 1888 (n. d.) [=Bryum sericeum (preoc.), Pohlia sericea] SK02
    |         `--L. wilsonii SK02
    `--Splachnaceae SK02
         |--Dissodon magellanicus D03
         |--Tetraplodon D03
         |    |--T. fuegianus D03
         |    `--T. mnioides N02
         |--Hymenocleiston magellanicum D03
         |    |--H. m. var. magellanicum D03
         |    `--H. m. var. edenense D03
         `--Tayloria Hooker 1816 SK02
              |--T. callophylla (Müll.Hal.) Mitt. 1882 (see below for synonymy) SK02
              |--T. gunnii (Wilson) Willis 1950 (see below for synonymy) SK02
              |--T. maidenii Broth. 1916 SK02
              |--T. octoblepharum (Hooker) Mitt. 1882 (see below for synonymy) SK02
              |    |--T. o. var. octoblepharum (see below for synonymy) SK02
              |    |--T. o. var. major (Hooker & Wilson) Watts & Whitel. 1906 [=Dissodon plagiopus var. major] SK02
              |    `--T. o. var. pyriformis (Hooker & Wilson) Watts & Whitel. 1906 (see below for synonymy) SK02
              |--T. purpurascens SK02
              `--T. tasmanica (Hampe) Broth. 1903 [=Tetraplodon tasmanicus] SK02

Nomina nuda: Dissodon plagiopus var. minor Müll.Hal. & Hampe 1853 [=Tayloria octoblepharum var. minor Watts & Whitel. 1906] SK02
             Dissodon nanocarpus Müll.Hal. 1901 [=Tayloria nanocarpa Watts & Whitel. 1906] SK02

Leptobryum pyriforme (Hedw.) Wilson 1855 [=Bryum pyriforme (preoc.); incl. B. senodictyon (n. n.), Leptobryum senodictyon (n. n.)] SK02

Tayloria callophylla (Müll.Hal.) Mitt. 1882 [=Dissodon callophyllus, Splachnum callophyllum; incl. Eremodon robustus] SK02

Tayloria gunnii (Wilson) Willis 1950 [=Splachnum gunnii, S. grumii (nom. inv.); incl. Tetraplodon gunnianum (nom. illeg.), Tayloria obtusissima] SK02

Tayloria octoblepharum (Hooker) Mitt. 1882 [=Splachnum octoblepharum, Dissodon octoblepharum, Eremodon octoblepharum] SK02

Tayloria octoblepharum (Hooker) Mitt. 1882 var. octoblepharum [incl. Dissodon cuspidatus (nom. illeg.), D. novae-valesiae, Tayloria novae-valesiae, D. pallescens (nom. inv.), T. pallescens (nom. inv.), D. plagiopus] SK02

Tayloria octoblepharum var. pyriformis (Hooker & Wilson) Watts & Whitel. 1906 [=Dissodon plagiopus var. pyriformis] SK02

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

Buck, W. R., & B. Goffinet. 2000. Morphology and classification of mosses. In: Shaw, A. J., & B. Goffinet. Bryophyte Biology pp. 71-123. Cambridge University Press.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. Patagonian and Fuegian mosses. In Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896-1899, vol. 8 – Botany (W. B. Scott, ed.) pp. 63-126. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[N02] Negi, H. R. 2002. Abundance and diversity of moss communities of Chopta-Tunganath in the Garhwal Himalaya. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 418-433.

[SK02] Streimann, H., & N. Klazenga. 2002. Catalogue of Australian Mosses. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 17. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

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