Bazzania trilobata, photographed by Blue Ridge Kitties.

Belongs within: Jungermanniales.

The Lepidoziaceae is a cosmopolitan family of leafy liverworts, most speciose in tropical regions. They are characterised by the possession of lobed but not folded leaves.

Characters (from Hong 1988): Dioicous or autoicous (never paroicous) gametangia; strongly incubous or transverse leaf insertion; distinctly two- to four-lobed leaves; unistratose cortical layer of stem; limited rhizoid-initial layer at base of underleaves; presence of filiform flagella branches (postical or lateral); long, slender tapering trigonous perianths on short ventral branches; ovoid to ovoid-cylindric capsule with two- to five-layered walls; 1.0-1.5 to 1.0 spore-elater diameter ratio; gemmae completely absent.

<==Lepidoziaceae [Lepidoziineae]
    |--Drucella [Drucelloideae] EB01
    |--Zoopsidoideae EB01
    |    |--Zoopsis linkiensis FHH01
    |    `--Pseudocephalozia EB01
    |         |--P. cucullata EB01
    |         |--P. paludicola EB01
    |         `--P. quadriloba EB01
    |--Lembidioideae EB01
    |    |--Lembidium EB01
    |    |    |--L. nutans EB01
    |    |    `--L. tenax M49
    |    |--Chloranthelia denticulata EB01
    |    |--Isolembidium anomalum EB01
    |    |    |--I. a. var. anomalum EB01
    |    |    `--I. a. var. cucullatum EB01
    |    `--Hygrolembidium EB01
    |         |--H. acrocladum EB01
    |         |--H. australe EB01
    |         `--H. triquetrum EB01
    `--Bazzanioideae EB01
         |--Acromastigum EB01
         |    |--A. anisostomum EB01
         |    `--A. colensoanum M49
         `--Bazzania EB01
              |--B. adnexa EB01
              |--B. appendiculata G06
              |--B. himalayana G06
              |--B. imbricata G06
              |--B. involuta EB01
              |    |--B. i. var. involuta EB01
              |    `--B. i. var. submutica EB01
              |--B. jamaicensis J87
              |--B. longa J87
              |--B. monilinerve M49
              |--B. novae-hollandiae M49
              |--B. novae-zelandiae E03
              |--B. ovistipula G06
              |--B. pearsonii G06
              |--B. prerupta G06
              |--B. sikkimensis G06
              |--B. taylorianum M49
              |--B. trictranata G06
              `--B. trilobata L-BWC03

Lepidoziaceae incertae sedis:
  Lepidozia EB01
    |--L. albula M49
    |--L. bisetula M49
    |--L. blepharostoma E03
    |--L. breviflora SS07
    |--L. capillaris E03
    |--L. capilligera E03
    |--L. centipes M49
    |--L. cordulifera E03
    |--L. concinna M49
    |--L. cucullifolia D03
    |--L. cupressina E03
    |--L. erosa G06
    |--L. filamentosa Lehmann & Lindenb. 1845 (see below for synonymy) E03
    |--L. hippuerioides M49
    |--L. laevifolia D03
    |--L. munchiana J87
    |--L. oliogophylla E03
    |--L. patens J87
    |--L. patentissima M49
    |--L. pendulina M49
    |--L. plumulosa Lehmann & Lindenb. 1845 (see below for synonymy) E03
    |--L. praenitens M49
    |--L. pumila EB01
    |--L. reptans G06
    |--L. robusta G06
    |--L. saddlensis E03
    |--L. seriatitexta E03
    |--L. setiformis E03
    |--L. spinosissima EB01
    |--L. tenax M49
    `--L. truncatella Nees 1845 [=Mastigophora truncatella Trevis. 1877] E03
  Paracromastigum granatensis EB01
  Zoopsidella dichotoma EB01
  Telaranea Spruce ex Schiffn. 1895 (nom. cons.) EB01, DD07 [incl. Arachniopsis Spruce 1882 DD07]
    |--T. indica (Srivastava & Verma) Daniels & Daniel 2007 (see below for synonymy) DD07
    |--T. nematodes EB01
    `--T. tasmanica EB01
  Kurzia FHH01
    |--K. hippuroides EB01
    |--K. mollis EB01
    `--K. trichoclados FHH01
  Micropterygium trachyphyllum J87
  Dendrobazzania griffithiana G06

Lepidozia filamentosa Lehmann & Lindenb. 1845 [=Jungermannia filamentosa Lehmann & Lindenb. in Lehmann 1832, Mastigophora filamentosa Trevis. 1877] E03

Lepidozia plumulosa Lehmann & Lindenb. 1845 [=Jungermannia plumulosa Lehmann & Lindenb. in Lehmann 1834, Mastigophora plumulosa Trevis. 1877; incl. Jungermannia tetradactyla Hooker & Taylor 1844, Lepidozia tetradactyla Taylor 1845] E03

Telaranea indica (Srivastava & Verma) Daniels & Daniel 2007 [=Arachniopsis indica Srivastava & Verma 2004] DD07

*Type species of generic name indicated


[DD07] Daniels, A. E. D. & P. Daniel. 2007. Name changes in two Indian liverworts. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 231-232.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896-1899, vol. 8 – Botany (W. B. Scott, ed.) pp. 1-34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[EB01] Engel, J. J., & J. E. Braggins. 2001. Austral Hepaticae 34. The sporophyte of Neogrollea Hodgs. and the taxonomic position of Neogrolleaceae (Schust.) Engel & Braggins comb. & stat. nov. Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 91: 173-204.

[E03] Evans, A. W. 1903. Hepaticae collected in southern Patagonia. In Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896-1899, vol. 8 – Botany (W. B. Scott, ed.) pp. 35-62. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[FHH01] Frey, W., M. Hofmann & H. H. Hilger. 2001. The gametophyte-sporophyte junction: Unequivocal hints for two evolutionary lines of archegoniate land plants. Flora 196: 431-445.

[G06] Ghosh, J. P. 2006. A preliminary check-list of hepatics of West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 48 (1-4): 73-102.

Hong, W. S. 1988. The family Lepidoziaceae in North America west of the Hundredth Meridian. Bryologist 91 (4): 326-333.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[L-BWC03] López-Bautista, J. M., D. A. Waters & R. L. Chapman. 2003. Phragmoplastin, green algae and the evolution of cytokinesis. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 1715-1718.

[M49] Martin, W. 1949. The bryophytes of Stewart Island.—Part I. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 77 (2): 257-277.

[SS07] Singh, S. K. & D. K. Singh. 2007. A preliminary census of Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of Doon Valley. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 1-14.

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