Tellinoidea

Abra nitida, from the National Museum of Wales.


Belongs within: Heterodonta.
Contains: Semele, Tellina, Macoma.

The Tellinoidea are a group of infaunal bivalves that first appeared in the Upper Triassic (Cox et al. 1969). With their elongate, mobile siphons, tellinoids tend to burrow relatively deep within the sediment, using the siphons to pick up food particles from the sediment surface. The Tellinidae have more or less elongate shells with unequal valves and an external ligament (Cox et al. 1969).

Characters (from Cox et al. 1969): Shells mostly inequilateral with external ligament or, if sunken, in pit on hinge plate, not in chondrophore; cardinal hinge teeth two in either valve, tending to be bifid, lateral teeth well developed in most families; adductor muscle scars connected by pallial line with distinct sinus. Animal with two elongate siphons that are not fused.

<==Tellinoidea [Tellinacea]
    |--Donacidae G88
    |    |--Iphigenia G88
    |    |    |--I. centralis G88
    |    |    `--I. truncata G88
    |    `--Donax P98
    |         |--D. brazieri Smith 1891 H09
    |         |--D. deltoides Lamarck 1818 H09
    |         |--D. faba Gmelin 1791 H09
    |         |--D. nitida Reeve 1854 H09
    |         |--D. trunculus M62
    |         `--D. vittatus D56
    |--Solecurtidae G88
    |    |--Novaculininae G88
    |    |    |--Novaculina G88
    |    |    `--Sinonovacula constricta G88, KC11
    |    `--Solecurtus Blainville 1824 F27a
    |         |--*S. strigillatus [=Solen strigillatus] F27a
    |         |--S. bensoni Finlay 1924 F27a
    |         |--S. chattonensis Finlay 1924 F27a
    |         |--S. ellipticus Dana 1849 F27b
    |         |--S. evolutus Finlay 1924 F27a
    |         |--S. guaymasensis Lowe 1935 PP78
    |         |--S. murrayvianus Finlay 1927 [=S. ellipticus Tate 1887 non Dana 1849] F27b
    |         `--S. (Psammodia) planulatus Dana 1849 F71
    |--Semelidae GW02
    |    |--Semele BW09
    |    |--Theora HJ08
    |    |    |--T. fragilis (Adams 1856) [=Neaera fragilis] H09
    |    |    `--T. lubrica Gould 1861 HJ08
    |    |--Abra GW02
    |    |    |--A. nitida GO06
    |    |    |--A. prismatica GW02
    |    |    |--A. profundorum TH77
    |    |    `--A. truncata Hedley 1906 H09
    |    `--Leptomya Adams 1864 P61
    |         |--*L. cochlearis P61
    |         |--L. gravida Hamley 1879 MG-H11
    |         |--L. psittacus Hanley 1883 H09
    |         |--L. retiaria (Hutton 1885) (see below for synonymy) F27a
    |         |    |--L. r. retiaria P61
    |         |    `--L. r. aucklandica Powell 1955 P61
    |         |--L. simplex Marwick 1926 F27a
    |         `--L. suteri (Smith 1898) [=Macoma suteri] F27a
    `--Tellinidae MG-H11
         |--Eurytellina F27a
         |--Elliptotellina F27a
         |--Tellina BW09
         |--Palaeomoera inconspicua [=Psammobia inconspicua] F27b
         |--Quadrans gargadia (Linnaeus 1758) BW09
         |--Tellinides cockburnensis (Kendrick & Brearley 1984) MG-H11
         |--Macoma F27a
         |--Pseudarcopagia F27b
         |    |--*P. decussata (Lamarck 1818) [=Tellina decussata; incl. P. victoriae] F27a
         |    `--P. marshalli Finlay 1927 (see below for synonymy) F27b
         |--Barytellina Marwick 1924 F27a
         |    |--*B. crassidens Marwick 1924 F27a
         |    `--B. anomalodonta Finlay 1924 F27a
         |--Zearcopagia Finlay 1927 F27a
         |    |--*Z. disculus (Deshayes 1855) [=Tellina disculus, Arcopagia disculus, Pseudarcopagia disculus] F27a
         |    `--Z. piratica (Hedley 1918) [=Pseudarcopagia piratica] F27a
         |--Exotica BW09
         |    |--E. obliquaria (Deshayes 1854) BW09
         |    `--E. rhomboides (Quoy & Gaimard 1833) BW09
         |--Macomona Finlay 1927 F27a
         |    |--*M. liliana (Iredale 1915) P61 [=Tellina liliana P61, Macoma liliana F27a]
         |    |--M. basedowi [=Tellina basedowi] F27a
         |    `--M. deltoidalis [=Tellina deltoidalis] F27a
         |--Solyma Conrad 1870 S98
         |    |--*S. lineolatum Conrad 1870 S98
         |    |--S. flemingae Stilwell 1998 S98
         |    |--S. levis Stephenson 1923 S98
         |    `--S. stewarti Stephenson 1952 S98
         `--Angulus Megerle 1811 P61
              |  i. s.: A. valtonis (Hanley 1844) BD86
              |--A. (Angulus) P61
              |    |--*A. (A.) lanceolatus [=Tellina lanceolata] P61
              |    |--A. (A.) gaimardi (Iredale 1915) P61
              |    |--A. (A.) meropsis (Dall 1900) [=Tellina (A.) meropsis] PP78
              |    `--A. (A.) spenceri (Suter 1907) P61
              `--A. (Peronidia Dall 1900) P61
                   |--A. (*P.) albicans [=Tellina albicans] P61
                   `--A. (P.) edgari (Iredale 1915) P61

Leptomya retiaria (Hutton 1885) [=Tellina retiaria; incl. T. lintea Hutton 1873 (preoc.), T. perconfusa Iredale 1915] F27a

Pseudarcopagia marshalli Finlay 1927 [=Tellina (Arcopagia) inconspicua Marshall 1918 non T. inconspicua Broderip & Sowerby 1829] F27b

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BD86] Barash, A., & Z. Danin. 1986. Further additions to the knowledge of Indo-Pacific Mollusca in the Mediterranean Sea (Lessepsian migrants). Spixiana 9 (2): 117–141.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

Cox, L. R., N. D. Newell et al. 1969. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt N. Bivalvia vol. 2. The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas.

[D56] Dawes, B. 1956. The Trematoda with special reference to British and other European forms. University Press: Cambridge.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[GO06] Giribet, G., A. Okusu, A. R. Lindgren, S. W. Huff, M. Schrödl & M. K. Nishiguchi. 2006. Evidence for a clade composed of molluscs with serially repeated structures: monoplacophorans are related to chitons. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103 (20): 7723–7728.

[GW02] Giribet, G., & W. Wheeler. 2002. On bivalve phylogeny: a high-level analysis of the Bivalvia (Mollusca) based on combined morphology and DNA sequence data. Invertebrate Biology 121 (4): 271–324.

[G88] Gray, J. 1988. Evolution of the freshwater ecosystem: the fossil record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 62: 1–214.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[HJ08] Huisman, J. M., D. S. Jones, F. E. Wells & T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 1–44.

[KC11] Kocot, K. M., J. T. Cannon, C. Todt, M. R. Citarella, A. B. Kohn, A. Meyer, S. R. Santos, C. Schander, L. L. Moroz, B. Lieb & K. M. Halanych. 2011. Phylogenomics reveals deep molluscan relationships. Nature 477: 452–456.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[M62] Monniot, F. 1962. Recherches sur les graviers a Amphioxus de la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer. Vie et Milieu 13: 231–322.

[PP78] Poorman, F. L., & L. H. Poorman. 1978. Additional molluscan records from Bahía de Los Angeles, Baja California Norte. Veliger 20 (4): 369–374.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[P98] Prothero, D. R. 1998. Bringing Fossils to Life: An introduction to paleobiology. WCB McGraw-Hill: Boston.

[S98] Stilwell, J. D. 1998. Late Cretaceous Mollusca from the Chatham Islands, New Zealand. Alcheringa 22 (1): 29–85.

[TH77] Tendal, O. S., & R. R. Hessler. 1977. An introduction to the biology and systematics of Komokiacea (Textulariina, Foraminiferida). Galathea Report 14: 165–194.

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