Tellinoidea

Abra nitida, from the National Museum of Wales.


Belongs within: Heterodonta.
Contains: Psammobia, Gari, Donax, Iphigenia, Galatea, Solecurtidae, Macoma, Semele, Tellina, Arcopagia, Angulus.

The Tellinoidea are a group of infaunal bivalves that first appeared in the Upper Triassic. With their elongate, mobile siphons, tellinoids tend to burrow relatively deep within the sediment, using the siphons to pick up food particles from the sediment surface. Within the Tellinoidea, the Tellinidae have more or less elongate shells with unequal valves and an external ligament. The Semelidae have shells that are generally well sculptured with a slight posterior flexure.

<==Tellinoidea [Tellinacea]
    |  i. s.: Scrobiculariidae H96
    |           |--Scrobiculabra condamini (Morris 1854) SB93
    |           `--Scrobicularia H96
    |                |--S. alta C64
    |                |--S. cottardi PP64
    |                |--S. piperata PP64
    |                |--S. plana H96
    |                `--S. tenuis D56
    |--Psammobiidae [Donacina, Garidae] TW07
    |    |  i. s.: Psammobia H09
    |    |         Flavomala biradiata M54
    |    |         Soletellina Blainville 1824 BD86, P61
    |    |           |--*S. radiata (Linnaeus 1758) P61, L58 [=Solen radiatus P61]
    |    |           |--S. biradiata (Wood 1815) F27a
    |    |           |--S. nitida (Gray 1843) P61
    |    |           |--S. rubra (Schroeter 1788) BD86 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |           |--S. siliqua Reeve 1857 P61
    |    |           `--S. subradiata (Reeve 1857) [=Psammotella subradiata] BD86
    |    |         Adansonella duponti (Cossmann 1886) SB93
    |    |--Gari TW07
    |    `--+--Asaphis Modeer 1793 TW07, G79
    |       |    |--A. contraria (Deshayes 1863) [=Psammobia contraria] H09
    |       |    |--A. deflorata (Linnaeus 1758) H09 [=Venus deflorata H09; incl. A. rugosa G79]
    |       |    `--A. violascens (Forsskal 1775) TW07
    |       `--Donacidae TW07
    |            |--Donax L58
    |            |--Plebidonax H96
    |            |--Notodonax (Protodonax) minutissimus (Whitfield 1891) SB93
    |            |--Iphigenia PB27
    |            `--Galatea PB27
    `--+--Solecurtidae TW07
       `--+--+--Macoma TW07
          |  `--Semelidae TW07
          |       |--Semele BW09
          |       |--Ervilia Turton 1822 JB12, G79
          |       |    |--E. bisculpta Gould 1861 H09
          |       |    `--E. nitens G79
          |       |--Theora HJ08
          |       |    |--T. fragilis (Adams 1856) [=Neaera fragilis] H09
          |       |    `--T. lubrica Gould 1861 HJ08
          |       `--Leptomya Adams 1864 P61
          |            |--*L. cochlearis P61
          |            |--L. gravida Hamley 1879 MG-H11
          |            |--L. minutata Habe 1960 XZ10
          |            |--L. psittacus Hanley 1883 H09
          |            |--L. retiaria (Hutton 1885) P61 (see below for synonymy)
          |            |    |--L. r. retiaria P61
          |            |    `--L. r. aucklandica Powell 1955 P61
          |            |--L. simplex Marwick 1926 F27a
          |            `--L. suteri (Smith 1898) [=Macoma suteri] F27a
          `--+--Abra TW07
             |    |--A. alba (Wood 1802) TW07 [=Mactra alba J64b, Scrobicularia alba J64a; incl. Abra boysii J64a]
             |    |--A. longicallus PP64
             |    |--A. nitida GO06
             |    |--A. ovata PP64
             |    |--A. prismatica GW02
             |    |--A. profundorum TH77
             |    `--A. truncata Hedley 1906 H09
             `--Tellinidae [Tellininae] TW07
                  |  i. s.: Eurytellina F27a
                  |         Elliptotellina urinatoria F27a, PG98
                  |         Tellina BW09
                  |         Palaeomoera inconspicua [=Psammobia inconspicua] F27b
                  |         Quadrans gargadia (Linnaeus 1758) BW09
                  |         Tellinides cockburnensis (Kendrick & Brearley 1984) MG-H11
                  |         Pseudarcopagia F27b
                  |           |--*P. decussata (Lamarck 1818) F27a (see below for synonymy)
                  |           `--P. marshalli Finlay 1927 (see below for synonymy) F27b
                  |         Barytellina Marwick 1924 F27a
                  |           |--*B. crassidens Marwick 1924 F27a
                  |           `--B. anomalodonta Finlay 1924 F27a
                  |         Zearcopagia Finlay 1927 P61
                  |           |--*Z. disculus (Deshayes 1855) P61 (see below for synonymy)
                  |           `--Z. piratica (Hedley 1918) [=Pseudarcopagia piratica] F27a
                  |         Exotica BW09
                  |           |--E. obliquaria (Deshayes 1854) BW09
                  |           `--E. rhomboides (Quoy & Gaimard 1833) BW09
                  |         Macomona Finlay 1927 P61
                  |           |--*M. liliana (Iredale 1915) P61 [=Tellina liliana P61, Macoma liliana F27a]
                  |           |--M. basedowi [=Tellina basedowi] F27a
                  |           `--M. deltoidalis [=Tellina deltoidalis] F27a
                  |         Solyma Conrad 1870 S98
                  |           |--*S. lineolatum Conrad 1870 S98
                  |           |--S. flemingae Stilwell 1998 S98
                  |           |--S. levis Stephenson 1923 S98
                  |           `--S. stewarti Stephenson 1952 S98
                  |         Arcopagia JB12
                  |         Moerella JB12
                  |           |--M. carpenteri [=Tellina (Moerella) carpenteri] B56
                  |           |--M. huttoni PG98
                  |           `--M. jedoensis (Lischke 1872) XZ10
                  |         Linearia SB93
                  |           |--L. subconcentrica SB93
                  |           `--L. subhercynica Maas 1895 SB93
                  |         Maera salmonea Carpenter 1864 C64
                  |         Oedalia Carpenter 1864 C64
                  |           |--*O. (Oedalia) subdiaphana Carpenter 1864 C64
                  |           `--O. (Cooperella Carpenter 1864) C64
                  |                `--O. (*C.) scintillaeformis Carpenter 1864 C64
                  |         Lutricola C64
                  |           |--L. alta [=Tellina alta; incl. Scrobicularia biangulata, Arcopagia unda] C64
                  |           |--L. dombeyi [incl. Scrobicularia producta] C64
                  |           `--L. viridotincta C64
                  |         Cumingia C64
                  |           |--C. adamsii C64
                  |           |--C. californica C64
                  |           |--C. coarctata C64
                  |           |--C. lamellosa Sowb. 1833 M01
                  |           |--C. occatilla Melville 1901 M01
                  |           |--C. tellenoides T72
                  |           |--C. trigonularis C64
                  |           `--C. varia C64
                  |         Heterodonax C64
                  |           |--H. bimaculatus (see below for synonymy) C64
                  |           `--H. congesta (Conrad 1855) [=Tellina congesta] C64
                  |         Tellinella Moerch 1853 P61 [incl. Maoritellina Finlay 1927 P61, F27a]
                  |           |--*T. virgata (Linnaeus 1758) P61, H09 [=Tellina virgata P61]
                  |           |--T. charlottae (Smith 1885) P61 (see below for synonymy)
                  |           |--T. cumingii (Hanley 1844) [=Tellina cumingii] PP78
                  |           |--T. eugonia (Suter 1913) P61
                  |           `--T. huttoni (Smith 1885) P61
                  |                |--T. h. huttoni P61
                  |                `--T. h. sterrha (Suter 1913) P61
                  |--Angulus TW07
                  `--+--‘Donax’ (Tentidonax) veruinus Hedley 1913 TW07
                     `--Strigilla Turton 1822 TW07, G79 [incl. Aeretica Dall 1900 H08]
                          |--S. carnaria G79
                          |--S. euronia Hedley 1908 H09
                          |--S. flexuosa [incl. Tellina mirabilis] G79
                          |--S. fucata C64
                          |--S. grossiana Hedley 1908 H09
                          |--S. lenticula C64
                          |--S. pisiformis C64
                          |--S. senegalensis H08
                          |--S. sincera C64
                          `--S. splendida (Anton 1839) [=Tellina splendida] H09

Heterodonax bimaculatus [incl. H. pacifica, Psammobia pacifica, Tellina versicolor Ad. ms, T. vicina] C64

Leptomya retiaria (Hutton 1885) P61 [=Tellina retiaria F27a; incl. T. lintea Hutton 1873 (preoc.) F27a, T. perconfusa Iredale 1915 F27a]

*Pseudoarcopagia decussata (Lamarck 1818) F27a [=Tellina decussata F28a, Semele decussata G79; incl. Amphidesma jayanum G79, Pseudoarcopagia victoriae F27a]

Pseudarcopagia marshalli Finlay 1927 [=Tellina (Arcopagia) inconspicua Marshall 1918 non T. inconspicua Broderip & Sowerby 1829] F27b

Soletellina rubra (Schroeter 1788) BD86 [=Solen ruber BD86; incl. Solen roseus Gmelin 1791 BD86, Solen (Sanguinularia) roseus G20, Soletellina rosea BD86, Psammotella rueppelliana Reeve 1857 BD86, Soletellina rueppelliana BD86]

Tellinella charlottae (Smith 1885) P61 [=Tellina charlottae F27a, *Maoritellina charlottae F27a, Serratina charlottae PG98; incl. Tellinella ferrari P61]

*Zearcopagia disculus (Deshayes 1855) P61 [=Tellina disculus P61, Arcopagia disculus F27a, Pseudarcopagia disculus F27a]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

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[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

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[D56] Dawes, B. 1956. The Trematoda with special reference to British and other European forms. University Press: Cambridge.

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[XZ10] Xu, F., & J. Zhang. 2010. Study on the bivalve faunal composition of the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. In: China-Russia Bilateral Symposium: Proceedings of the China-Russia Bilateral Symposium of "Comparison on Marine Biodiversity in the Northwest Pacific Ocean", 10–11 October 2010, Qingdao (China) pp. 7–12. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; A. V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Last updated: 30 October 2021.

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