Chione cancellata, photographed by Edward T. Babinski.

Belongs within: Venerinae.

Chione is a genus of venerid bivalves found in the Americas and the South Pacific, with the earliest records from the Oligocene. Representatives have a cordate shell, usually with a well-defined lunule and escutcheon and with strong, occasionally frilled concentric sculpture (Cox et al. 1969).

Chione Megerle 1811 M27
    |--*C. (Chione) cancellata M27
    |--C. (Austrovenus Finlay 1927) P61
    |    |--C. (*A.) stutchburyi (Gray 1828) P61 [=Venus stutchburyi P61, C. (Timoclea) stutchburyi M27]
    |    |--C. (A.) aucklandica Powell 1932 P61
    |    `--C. (A.) crassitesta Finlay 1924 M27
    |--C. (Chionopsis) purpurissata Dall 1902 PP78
    `--C. (Hinemoana Marwick 1927) M27
         `--C. (*H.) acuminata Hutton 1873 M27 [=Austrovenus acuminata M27, Cytherea (Callista) acuminata H86]

Chione incertae sedis:
  C. amathusia C64
  C. californiensis Brod. 1835 M27, C64 [=Venus californiensis C64]
  C. costellifera (Adams 1850) [=Venus costellifera] H09
  C. dysera F66
  C. excavata Cpr. 1856 C64
  C. fluctifraga M27 [=Venus fluctifraga C64; incl. C. callosa C64, V. cortezi Sloat ms C64, V. gibbosula C64]
  C. gayi M27
  C. gnidia C64
  C. halli Pritchard 1895 F27b
  C. infans Smith 1885 H09
  C. latilirata GS79
  C. lordi C64
  C. marica (Linnaeus 1758) [=Venus marica] H09
  C. martini Finlay 1927 [=Venus pulcherrima Martin 1883 non Deshayes 1860] F27b
  C. neglecta [incl. C. undatella var. bilineata, C. undatella] C64
  C. nuttalli M27
  C. phoenicopterus (Romer 1869) [=Caryatis phoenicopterus] H09
  C. pulicaria [=Venus pulicaria; incl. C. pulicaria var. lilacina, V. pinacatensis Sloat ms] C64
  C. pygmaea WE63
  C. recognita (Smith 1885) [=Venus recognita] H09
  C. regularis (Smith 1885) [=Cytherea regularis] H09
  C. roberti Pritchard 1906 [=C. halli Tate 1900 non Pritchard 1895] F27b
  C. scabra (Hanley 1845) [=Venus scabra] H09
  C. semperi Dunker 1871 H09
  C. similicentrifuga Viader 1951 L96
  C. simillima C64
  C. subnodulosa (Hanley 1845) [=Venus subnodulosa] H09
  C. succincta Valenciennes 1833 [=Venus succincta; incl. V. leucodon, V. nuttallii] C64
  C. sugillata [incl. C. crenifera] C64
  C. toreuma H08
  C. torresica Reeve 1863 H09
  C. undulosa (Lamarck 1819) [=Venus undulosa] H09

Nomen nudum: Chione multitaeniata Tate 1893 F27b

*Type species of generic name indicated


[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

Cox, L. R., N. D. Newell et al. 1969. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt N. Bivalvia vol. 2. The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[F66] Fraser, L. 1866. Communication of a list of mollusks collected by R. Swinhoe, Esq., in Formosa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 146.

[GS79] Gore, R. H., & L. E. Scotto. 1979. Crabs of the family Parthenopidae (Crustacea Brachyura: Oxyrhyncha) with notes on specimens from the Indian River region of Florida. Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises 3 (6): 1–98.

[H08] Hedley, C. 1908. Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part X. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 456–489, pls 7–10.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H86] Hutton, F. W. 1886. The Mollusca of the Pareora and Oamaru systems of New Zealand. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 205–237.

[L96] Loch, I. 1996. Notice: R. Viader collection. Molluscan Research 17: 110.

[M27] Marwick, J. 1927. The Veneridae of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 567–636.

[PP78] Poorman, F. L., & L. H. Poorman. 1978. Additional molluscan records from Bahía de Los Angeles, Baja California Norte. Veliger 20 (4): 369–374.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[WE63] Warmke, G. L., & D. S. Erdman. 1963. Records of marine mollusks eaten by bonefish in Puerto Rican waters. Nautilus 76 (4): 115–120.

Last updated: 23 October 2021.

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