Paphia alapapilionis. Photo from here.

Belongs within: Veneridae.

Paphia is a genus of bivalves that first appeared in the Oligocene, and is found primarily in the Pacific region, extending to Europe (Cox et al. 1969). The subgenus Callistotapes has the cardinal teeth of the hinge more divergent than in the type, with the left posterior cardinal much closer to the ligamental nymph (Marwick 1927).

Characters (from Cox et al. 1969): Elongate, compressed, shell surface glossy; hinge plate narrow; lateral teeth wanting.

<==Paphia Bolten 1798 M27
    |  i. s.: P. deshayesi (Hanley 1856) [=Venus deshayesi] H09
    |         P. fabagella (Deshayes 1854) [=Tapes fabagella, Pullastra fabagella, Venerupis fabagella] F27
    |         P. gallus (Gmelin 1791) [=Venus gallus] H09
    |         P. hiantina [=Venus hiantina] H09
    |         P. literata (Linnaeus 1758) [=Venus literata] H09
    |         P. radiata H09
    |         P. semirugata (Phillipi 1847) MG-H11
    |         P. sulcosa (Philippi 1847) [=Venus sulcosa] H09
    |         P. textile (Gmelin 1791) [=Venus textilis] H09
    |         P. tristis (Lamarck 1818) [=Venus tristis] H09
    |         P. variegata (Sowerby 1852) [=Tapes variegata] H09
    |--*P. (Paphia) alapapilionis M27
    `--P. (Callistotapes Sacco 1900) M27
         |--P. (*C.) vetula [=Venus vetula] M27
         `--P. (C.) finlayi Marwick 1927 M27

*Type species of generic name indicated


Cox, L. R., N. D. Newell et al. 1969. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt N. Bivalvia vol. 2. The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[M27] Marwick, J. 1927. The Veneridae of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 567–636.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

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