Creek lilly-pilly Syzygium australe, copyright Arthur Chapman.

Belongs within: Myrtaceae.

The Syzygieae are a group of myrtaceous trees and shrubs that usually produce terminal, paniculate inflorescences and fleshy fruits containing a single large seed (Wilson et al. 2005).

Characters (from Wilson et al. 2005): Trees, rarely shrubs; lacking simple hairs. Leaves opposite. Inflorescences mostly terminal and paniculate; perianth free or calyx calyptrate, petals often cohering and falling as a unit; stamens free, numerous; anthers versatile, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary inferior, mostly 2-locular; placentas axile or apical, ovules unitegmic and anatropous, pendulous or radiating; vascular supply to ovary axial. Fruit indehiscent, mostly fleshy (except Anetholea); seeds usually solitary; embryo usually with thick cotyledons, occasionally more or less ruminate, rarely leafy (Anetholea).

<==Syzygieae WO05
    |--Anetholea anisata WO05
    |--Acmenosperma WO05
    |--Waterhousea WO05
    |--Acmena WO05
    |    |--A. graveolens WO05
    |    `--A. smithii NC91
    `--Syzygium ING03
         |--S. angophoroides LK14
         |--S. aromaticum H93
         |--S. australe WO05
         |--S. bamagense B00a
         |--S. bourdillonii ING03
         |--S. caryophyllatum MMS02
         |--S. cordatum DP72
         |--S. cormiflorum B00b
         |--S. cumini WO05
         |--S. erythrocalyx B00b
         |--S. eucalyptoides LK14
         |    |--S. e. ssp. eucalyptoides LK14
         |    `--S. e. ssp. bleeseri LK14
         |--S. forte LK14
         |    |--S. f. ssp. forte LK14
         |    `--S. f. ssp. potamophilum LK14
         |--S. gambleanum Rathakrishnan & Chithra 1983 (see below for synonymy) ING03
         |--S. gerrardii [=Eugenia gerrardii] DP72
         |--S. guineense E09
         |    |--S. g. ssp. guineense E09
         |    `--S. g. ssp. afromontanum E09
         |--S. jambos H06
         |--S. kuranda B00b
         |--S. myhendrae ING03
         |--S. neesianum Arnott 1836 [=Eugenia neesiana Wt. 1843] MMS02
         |--S. nervosum LK14
         |--S. oleosum B00b
         |--S. pachycladum B88
         |--S. palghatense ING03
         |--S. paniculatum H06
         |--S. periyarensis ING03
         |--S. puberulum B00b
         |--S. samarangense WO05
         |--S. sriganesanii ING03
         |--S. suborbiculare LK14
         |--S. tierneyanum B00b
         |--S. wilsoni B00b
         `--S. zeylanicum ING03
              |--S. z. var. zeylanicum ING03
              |--S. z. var. ellipticum ING03
              `--S. z. var. megamalayanum ING03

Syzygium gambleanum Rathakrishnan & Chithra 1983 [=Eugenia microphylla Bedd. 1871 non Abel 1818, S. microphyllum (Bedd.) Gamble 1969] ING03

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B00a] Braby, M. F. 2000a. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 1. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[B00b] Braby, M. F. 2000b. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[DP72] Deighton, F. C., & K. A. Pirozynski. 1972. Microfungi. V. More hyperparasitic hyphomycetes. Mycological Papers 128: 1–110.

[E09] Ensermu K. 2009. Three new species of Acanthaceae from Ethiopia. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 57–65.

[H06] Henderson, L. 2006. Comparisons of invasive plants in southern Africa originating from southern temperate, northern temperate and tropical regions. Bothalia 36 (2): 201–222.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[ING03] Irwin, S. J., D. Narasimhan & R. Ganesan. 2003. Status of Syzygium gambleanum Rathakr. & Chitra (Myrtaceae) from southern Western Ghats, India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 111–120.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[MMS02] Murugan, C., V. S. Manickam & V. Sundaresan. 2002. Syzygium neesianum Arn. (Myrtaceae)—an addition to the Indian flora. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 553–555.

[NC91] Nielsen, E. S., & I. F. B. Common. 1991. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 817–915. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[WO05] Wilson, P. G., M. M. O'Brien, M. M. Heslewood & C. J. Quinn. 2005. Relationships within Myrtaceae sensu lato based on a matK phylogeny. Plant Systematics and Evolution 251: 3–19.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="">FoS</a> = FoS