Carinostigmus sp., copyright John S. Ascher.

Belongs within: Pemphredonidae.
Contains: Stigmus.

The Stigmina are a group of pemphredonid wasps with a large stigma and elongate metasomal petiole (Bohart & Menke 1976).

Characters (from Bohart & Menke, as Paracrabro + Stigmus + Carinostigmus): Forewing with two submarginal cells, one recurrent vein and two discoidal cells; stigma large; marginal cell elongate, larger than stigma and closed apically; pronotal collar with complete transverse carina; omaulus present; gaster in dorsal view with petiole much longer than wide.

Stigmina BM76
    |--Paracrabro Turner 1907 BM76
    |    `--*P. froggatti Turner 1907 C85
    `--+--Stigmus BM76
       `--Carinostigmus Tsuneki 1954 BM76
            |--*C. congruus (Walker 1860) [=Stigmus congruus; incl. S. niger Motschulsky 1863] BM76
            |--C. aterrimus Turner 1917 BM76
            |--C. barbatus (Arnold 1960) [=Stigmus barbatus] BM76
            |--C. borneanus (Tsuneki 1974) [=Stigmus borneanus] BM76
            |--C. emirus (Leclercq 1959) [=Stigmus emirus] BM76
            |--C. filippovi (Gussakovskij 1934) [=Stigmus filippovi] BM76
            |--C. formosanus (Tsuneki 1954) [=Stigmus formosanus; incl. S. taiwanus Tsuneki 1966] BM76
            |--C. gueinzius (Turner 1912) [=Stigmus gueinzius; incl. S. rugosifrons Arnold 1923] BM76
            |--C. guillarmodi (Arnold 1955) [=Stigmus guillarmodi] BM76
            |--C. harudus (Leclercq 1961) [=Stigmus harudus] BM76
            |--C. iwatai (Tsuneki 1954) (see below for synonymy) BM76
            |--C. johannis (Arnold 1927) [=Stigmus johannis] BM76
            |    |--C. j. johannis BM76
            |    `--C. j. hybridus (Leclercq 1959) [=Stigmus hybridus] BM76
            |--C. levifrons (Arnold 1947) [=Stigmus levifrons] BM76
            |--C. maior (Maidl 1925) (see below for synonymy) BM76
            |--C. marocensis (Tsuneki 1956) [=Stigmus marocensis] BM76
            |--C. nubilipennis (Arnold 1944) [=Stigmus nubilipennis] BM76
            |--C. pseudoscutus (Leclercq 1959) [=Stigmus pseudoscutus] BM76
            |--C. saigusei (Tsuneki 1966) [=Stigmus saigusei] BM76
            |--C. tenellus (Arnold 1944) [=Stigmus tenellus] BM76
            `--C. ugandicus (Leclercq 1959) [=Stigmus ugandicus] BM76

Carinostigmus iwatai (Tsuneki 1954) [=Stigmus iwatai; incl. S. thailandinus Tsuneki 1963, Carinostigmus thailandinus] BM76

Carinostigmus maior (Maidl 1925) [=Stigmus maior, S. major Tsuneki 1954; incl. S. monstrosus Tsuneki 1963, Carinostigmus monstrosus] BM76

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[C85] Cardale, J. C. 1985. Vespoidea and Sphecoidea. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 2. Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea pp. 150–303. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

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