Scarlet milkweed Asclepias curassavica, copyright Renjusplace.

Belongs within: Asclepiadoideae.

The Asclepiadeae are a clade of flowering plants supported by molecular phylogenetic analysis, defined by Sennblad & Bremer (2002) as the most expansive clade including Asclepias and Matelea but not members of the Fockeeae, Marsdenieae or Ceropegieae.

<==Asclepiadeae TGL-S08
    |--Schizostephanus alatus SB02
    |--+--Calotropis SB02
    |  |    |--C. gigantea BB07
    |  |    `--C. procera SB02
    |  |         |--C. p. ssp. procera PP07
    |  |         `--C. p. ssp. hamiltonii PP07
    |  `--Asclepias SB02
    |       |--A. albicans H93
    |       |--A. asperula [incl. A. capricornu ssp. occidentalis] H93
    |       |--A. californica H93
    |       |--A. cordifolia H93
    |       |--A. cornuti C55b
    |       |--A. cryptoceras [incl. A. cryptoceras ssp. davisii] H93
    |       |--A. curassavica SB02
    |       |--A. eriocarpa H93
    |       |--A. erosa H93
    |       |--A. fascicularis H93
    |       |--A. linaria H93
    |       |--A. nivea J87
    |       |--A. nyctaginifolia H93
    |       |--A. pubescens BR65
    |       |--A. rotundifolia Miller 1768 [incl. A. arborescens Linnaeus 1771, Gomphocarpus arborescens] BR65
    |       |--A. solanoana H93
    |       |--A. speciosa [incl. A. giffordii] H93
    |       |--A. subulata [incl. A. subulata var. parishii] H93
    |       |--A. syriaca W69
    |       |--A. tuberosa D51
    |       `--A. verticillata C01
    `--+--+--+--Schubertia grandiflora TGL-S08
       |  |  `--Araujia TGL-S08
       |  |       |--A. hortorum SB02
       |  |       `--A. sericofera TGL-S08
       |  `--Metastelmatinae G09
       |       |--Metastelma schaffneri TGL-S08
       |       `--Blepharodon G09
       |            |--B. ampliflorum G09
       |            |--B. crabronum Goyder 2009 G09
       |            |--B. lineare G09
       |            |--B. pictum G09
       |            `--B. salicinum G09
       `--+--Cynanchum TGL-S08
          |    |--C. acutum AGF98
          |    |--C. carnosum LK14
          |    |--C. christineae LK14
          |    |--C. ellipticum TGL-S08
          |    |--C. floribundum BR65
          |    |--C. leptocladum J87
          |    |--C. leptolepis B00
          |    |--C. meyeri CV06
          |    |--C. ovalifolium B00
          |    |--C. pedunculatum VT13
          |    |--C. puberulum LK14
          |    |--C. utahense H93
          |    `--C. vincetoxicum BR65
          `--+--Oxystelma bornouense TGL-S08
             |--+--Pergularia daemia TGL-S08
             |  `--Gomphocarpus TGL-S08
             |       |--G. cancellatus B00
             |       |--G. fruticosus Br. 1809 C06 [=Asclepias fruticosa] BR65
             |       |--G. physocarpus TGL-S08 [=Asclepias physocarpa BR65]
             |       `--G. semiplectens CV06
             `--Tylophora TGL-S08
                  |--T. benthamii LK14
                  |--T. cinerascens LK14
                  |--T. fleckii CV06
                  |--T. flexuosa LK14
                  |--T. heterophylla TGL-S08
                  |--T. flexuosa B12
                  `--T. sylvatica SB02

Asclepiadeae incertae sedis:
  Microloma TGL-S08
    |--M. hereroense CV06
    |--M. penicillatum CV06
    `--M. tenuifolium TGL-S08
  Orthosia serpyllifolia SB02
  Gonolobeae SB02
    |--Fischeria stellata SB02
    `--Matelea SB02
         |--M. hirsuta SB02
         `--M. parvifolia H93
  Tweedia coerulea SB02
  Vincetoxicum SB02
    |--V. canescens C55a
    `--V. hirundinaria SB02

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AGF98] Abd El-Ghani, M. M., & A. G. Fahmy. 1998. Composition of and changes in the spontaneous flora of Feiran Oasis, S Sinai, Egypt, in the last 60 years. Willdenowia 28: 123–134.

[BB07] Baishya, A. K., & P. J. Bora. 2007. Cross community ethno-medico botany of Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve, Assam. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 121–154.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae–Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[B12] Braby, M. F. 2012. The butterflies of El Questro Wilderness Park, with remarks on the taxonomy of the Kimberley fauna, Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 27 (2): 161–175.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[C01] Cockerell, T. D. A. 1901. Contributions from the New Mexico Biological Station.—X. Observations on bees collected at Las Vegas, New Mexico, and in the adjacent mountains. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 125–131.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175-189.

[D51] Dobzhansky, T. 1951. Genetics and the Origin of Species 3rd ed. Columbia University Press: New York.

[G09] Goyder, D. J. 2009. Blepharodon crabronum (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae), a new species from the pre-Cambrian serranias of eastern Bolivia. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 179–181.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[SB02] Sennblad, B., & B. Bremer. 2002. Classification of Apocynaceae s.l. according to a new approach combining Linnaean and phylogenetic taxonomy. Systematic Biology 51 (3): 389–409.

[TGL-S08] Thulin, M., D. Goyder & S. Liede-Schumann. 2008. Cibirhiza spiculata (Apocynaceae), a remarkable new species from eastern Ethiopia. Kew Bulletin 63 (4): 617–624.

[VT13] Vigilante, T., J. Toohey, A. Gorring, V. Blundell, T. Saunders, S. Mangolamara, K. George, J. Oobagooma, M. Waina, K. Morgan & K. Doohan. 2013. Island country: aboriginal connections, values and knowledge of the Western Australian Kimberley islands in the context of an island biological survey. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 145–182.

[W69] Wiens, J. A. 1969. An approach to the study of ecological relationships among grassland birds. Ornithological Monographs 8: 1–93.

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