Female common turkey Meleagris gallopavo with chicks, copyright Kevin Cole.

Belongs within: Phasianidae.

The Meleagridinae, turkeys, are a small group of North American gamebirds with featherless heads and necks and a metallic gloss over much of the plumage. The common turkey Meleagris gallopavo is widely farmed as a source of meat.

<==Meleagridinae [Galloparinae, Gallopavoninae, Meleagrididae, Meleagridoidea] CC10
    |--Agriocharis ocellata L81
    |--Parapavo californicus FP64
    `--Meleagris Linnaeus 1758 CC10 [=Galloparus Chenu & des Murs 1854 B94, Gallopavo Brisson 1760 B94]
         |--*M. gallopavo Linnaeus 1758 CC10
         |    |--M. g. gallopavo L81
         |    |--M. g. intermedia L81
         |    |--M. g. merriami L81
         |    |--M. g. mexicana L81
         |    |--M. g. onusta RN72
         |    |--M. g. osceola RN72
         |    `--M. g. silvestris L81
         |--M. cristata Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--M. leopoldi FP64
         |--M. ocellata ZJM03
         `--M. satyra Linnaeus 1758 L58

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[RN72] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds) 1972. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 1. London, Blandford Press.

[ZJM03] Zeffer, A., L. C. Johansson & Å. Marmebro. 2003. Functional correlation between habitat use and leg morphology in birds (Aves). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 79: 461–484.

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