Northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus, copyright Tim.

Belongs within: Phasiani.

The Odontophoridae, New World quails, are a group of smaller gamebirds found in North and South America characterised by lacking spurs on the legs and possessing a single serration or tooth on the cutting edge of the upper bill.

<==Odontophoridae [Callipeplinae, Odontophorinae, Ortyginae] JT12
    |--Cyrtonyx JT12
    |    |--C. montezumae JT12
    |    |    |--C. m. montezumae L81
    |    |    |--C. m. mearnsi L81
    |    |    `--C. m. merriami USDI77
    |    `--C. ocellatus JT12
    `--+--Oreortyx pictus (Douglas 1829) JT12, CC10 [=Ortyx picta CC10, Oregon pictus CC10, Oreortyx picta CC10]
       |    |--O. p. pictus L81
       |    |--O. p. confinis RN72
       |    |--O. p. palmeri L81
       |    `--O. p. russelli RN72
       `--+--Callipepla Wagler 1832 JT12, B94 [incl. Lophortyx Bonaparte 1838 CC10]
          |    |--C. squamata BKB15 [incl. *C. strenua CC10]
          |    |    |--C. s. squamata L81
          |    |    |--C. s. castanogastris L81
          |    |    `--C. s. pallida L81
          |    `--+--C. douglasii BKB15 [=Lophortyx douglasii RN72]
          |       |    |--C. d. douglasii RN72
          |       |    `--‘Lophortyx’ d. bensoni RN72
          |       `--+--C. californica (Shaw in Shaw & Nodder 1798) BKB15, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
          |          |    |--C. c. californica CC10
          |          |    |--C. c. brunnescens (Ridgway 1884) [=Lophortyx californica brunnescens] CC10
          |          |    |--‘Lophortyx’ c. catalinensis L81
          |          |    `--‘Lophortyx’ c. plumbeus L81
          |          `--C. gambelii BKB15 [=Lophortyx gambelii MW04]
          `--Colinus Goldfuss 1820 JT12, B94 [incl. Ortyx Stephens 1819 B94]
               |--C. cristatus JT12
               |    |--C. c. cristatus PP62
               |    |--C. c. parvicristatus (Gould 1843) [=Ortyx parvicristatus] PP62
               |    `--C. c. sonnini PP62
               |--C. leucopogon JT12
               |--C. nigrogularis JT12
               `--C. virginianus (Linnaeus 1758) [=Tetrao virginianus, Ortyx virginanus (l. c.), O. virginiana] CC10
                    |--C. v. virginianus CC10
                    |--C. v. cubanensis L81
                    |--C. v. floridanus L81
                    |--C. v. ridgwayi L81
                    |--C. v. taylori Lincoln 1915 CC10
                    `--C. v. texanus L81

Odontophoridae incertae sedis:
  Odontophorus Vieillot 1816 B94
    |--O. atrifrons JT12
    |--O. balliviani JT12
    |--O. capueira JT12
    |--O. columbianus JT12
    |--O. dialeucos JT12
    |--O. erythrops JT12
    |--O. gujanensis JT12
    |    |--O. g. gujanensis S18
    |    `--O. g. marmoratus S18
    |--O. guttatus JT12
    |--O. hyperythrus JT12
    |--O. leucolaemus JT12
    |--O. melanonotus JT12
    |--O. melanotis JT12
    |--O. speciosus JT12
    |--O. stellatus JT12
    `--O. strophium JT12
  Philortyx fasciatus JT12
  Rhynchortyx cinctus JT12
  Dendrortyx JT12
    |--D. barbatus JT12
    |--D. leucophrys JT12
    `--D. macroura JT12
  Dactylortyx thoracicus JT12
  Nanortyx inexpectatus Weigel 1963 M09

Callipepla californica (Shaw in Shaw & Nodder 1798) BKB15, CC10 [=Tetrao californicus CC10, *Lophortyx californica CC10, Ortyx californica CC10, O. californicus CC10]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[M09] Mayr, G. 2009. Paleogene Fossil Birds. Springer.

[MW04] Mayr, G., & I. Weidig. 2004. The Early Eocene bird Gallinuloides wyomingensis—a stem group representative of Galliformes. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 49 (2): 211–217.

[PP62] Phelps, W. H., & W. H. Phelps, Jr. 1962. Two new subspecies of birds from Venezuela, the rufous phase of Pauxi pauxi, and other notes. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 199–204.

[RN72] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds.) 1972. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 1. Blandford Press: London.

[S18] Stone, W. 1918. Birds of the Panama Canal Zone, with special reference to a collection made by Mr. Lindsey L. Jewel. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 239–280.

[USDI77] USDI (United States Department of the Interior). 1977. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants—republication of list of species. Federal Register 42: 36420–36431.

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