Wahlenbergia

Wahlenbergia gloriosa, copyright Murray Fagg.


Belongs within: Campanuloideae.

Wahlenbergia is a genus of herbs and subshrubs found primarily in the southern temperate regions (Black & Robertson 1965).

Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Annual and perennial herbs and undershrubs. Flowers usually blue, pedunculate, often in terminal, dichotomous leafy panicles. Calyx and corolla-lobes mostly 5, rarely 4 or in abnormal flowers 6 to 10; corolla regular, campanulate, seldom almost rotate; stamens 5, free; ovary inferior, 3–5-celled, rarely 2-celled; capsule loculicidal, opening by apical valves surrounded by persistent calyx-teeth.

Wahlenbergia Schrad. 1814 A61
    |--W. capensis CM16
    `--+--W. lobelioides CM16
       `--+--W. marginata CM16 [=Campanula marginata Thunberg 1784 P97]
          `--+--W. angustifolia CM16
             `--W. gloriosa CM16

Wahlenbergia incertae sedis:
  W. acaulis CM16
  W. adpressa CM16
  W. akaroa CM16
  W. albomarginata Hooker 1852 [incl. W. flexilis Petrie 1917] A61
  W. androsacea LY82
  W. annularis CM16
  W. axillaris CM16
  W. bicolor Lothian 1947 BR65
  W. brockiei Hay in Allan 1961 A61
  W. capillacea CM16
  W. cartilaginea Hooker 1864 A61
  W. caryophylloides LK14
  W. ceracea Lothian 1956 P97
  W. cernua CM16
  W. cinerea CM16
  W. colensoi Brown 1913 (n. d.) P97
  W. communis (see below for synonymy) P97
  W. congesta (Cheeseman) Brown 1913 (see below for synonymy) A61
    |--W. c. ssp. congesta CM16
    `--W. c. ssp. haastii CM16
  W. cuspidata CM16
  W. densicaulis CV06
  W. densifolia CM16
  W. depressa CM16
  W. desmantha CM16
  W. ecklonii CM16
  W. eriophiloides CV06
  W. exilis CM16
  W. fruticosa CM16
  W. gracilenta Lothian 1947 [incl. W. quadrifida Black 1934 non (Brown) de Candolle 1830] BR65
  W. gracilis (Forster) De Candolle 1830 (see below for synonymy) P97
  W. gymnoclada [incl. Campanula littoralis Labillardi√®re 1804, C. gracilis var. littoralis] P97
  W. intricata [incl. Lightfootia dinteri] CV06
  W. krebsii CM16
  W. littoricola LM98
  W. longifolia CM16
  W. luteola P27 [incl. W. consimilis Lothian 1947 BR65, W. trichogyna Stearn 1951 P27]
  W. matthewsii Cockayne 1915 A61
  W. multicaulis BR65
  W. neorigida CM16
  W. oxyphylla CM16
  W. paniculata CM16
  W. parvifolia CM16
  W. planiflora CM16
  W. polyantha CM16
  W. preissii GK00
  W. procumbens CM16
  W. psammophila CM16
  W. pygmaea Colenso 1899 A61
    |--W. p. var. pygmaea A61
    `--W. p. var. laxa (Simpson) Allan 1961 [=W. laxa Simpson 1952] A61
  W. quadrifida (Brown) de Candolle 1830 BR65 [=Campanula quadrifida Brown 1810 P97]
  W. queenslandica LK14
  W. ramosa Simpson 1945 [incl. Campanula polymorpha var. juncea ms] P97
  W. rupestris Simpson 1952 P97
  W. rupicola CM16
  W. saxicola A61 [=Campanula saxicola C06; incl. Streleskia montana Hook.f. 1847 C06]
  W. sieberi de Candolle 1830 BR65
  W. simpsonii Hay in Allan 1961 A61
  W. subulata CM16
  W. subumbellata CV06
  W. tadgellii Lothian 1947 BR65
  W. telfordii CM16
  W. tenella CM16
  W. tenerrima CM16
  W. thunbergiana CM16
  W. tumidifructa G04
  W. undulata CM16
  W. vernicosa [incl. Campanula polymorpha var. diffusa ms] P97
  W. violacea Petterson 1997 (see below for synonymy) P97
  W. virgata CM16

Wahlenbergia communis [incl. Campanula gracilis var. capillaris Brown 1810, W. gracilis var. capillaris (Brown) De Candolle 1830] P97

Wahlenbergia congesta (Cheeseman) Brown 1913 [=W. saxicola var. congesta Cheeseman 1906; incl. W. morganii Petrie 1914] A61

Wahlenbergia gracilis (Forster) De Candolle 1830 [=Campanula gracilis Forster 1786, W. marginata var. neo-caledonica; incl. W. marginata var. australis Hatch 1952, W. gracilis var. polymorpha De Candolle 1830] P97

Wahlenbergia violacea Petterson 1997 [incl. Campanula polymorpha var. elongata ms, C. polymorpha var. tenella ms] P97

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae–Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[CM16] Crowl, A. A., N. W. Miles, C. J. Visger, K. Hansen, T. Ayers, R. Haberle & N. Cellinese. 2016. A global perspective on Campanulaceae: biogeographic, genomic, and floral evolution. American Journal of Botany 103 (2): 233–245.

[G04] Gibson, N. 2004. Flora and vegetation of the Eastern Goldfields Ranges: part 6. Mt Manning Range. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 35–47.

[GK00] Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3 (3): 323–402.

[LM98] Lange, P. J. de, & B. G. Murray. 1998. Senecio repangae (Asteraceae): a new endemic species from the north-eastern North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 36: 509–519.

[LY82] Lloyd, D. G., & J. M. A. Yates. 1982. Intrasexual selection and the segregation of pollen and stigmas in hermaphrodite plants, exemplified by Wahlenbergia albomarginata (Campanulaceae). Evolution 36 (5): 903–913.

[P97] Petterson, J. A. 1997. Identity of the original Wahlenbergia gracilis (Campanulaceae) and allied species. An historical review of early collections. New Zealand Journal of Botany 35: 55–78.

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