Stratiomyomorpha

Pantophthalmus bellardii, copyright Martin Hauser.


Belongs within: Orthorrhapha.
Contains: Stratiomyidae.

The Stratiomyomorpha are a group of flies including the soldier flies of the Stratiomyidae and their relatives, most of which have saprophagic larvae. Larvae of the families Pantophthalmidae and Xylomyidae are particularly associated with decaying wood.

&t;==Stratiomyomorpha [Stratiomyoidea] WT11
    |--Oligophryne WT11 [Oligophrynidae GE05]
    `--+--Cratomyia macrorrhyncha GE05
       |--Pantophthalmidae WT11
       |    |--Opetiops W09a
       |    `--Pantophthalmus W09a
       |         |--P. argyropastus BW09
       |         |--P. bellardii W09a
       |         |--P. heydeni NB-P09
       |         |--P. roseni W09a
       |         `--P. tabaninus W09a
       `--+--Stratiomyidae WT11
          `--Xylomyidae [Solvidae, Xylomyinae] WT11
               |--Archisolva cupressa GE05
               |--Arthropeina W09b
               |--Solva J81
               |    |--S. laeta CM91
               |    `--S. pallipes J81
               `--Xylomya J81
                    |--X. americana J81
                    |--X. parens WT11
                    |--X. shcherbakovi WT11
                    `--X. tenthredinoides M81

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BW09] Buck, M., N. E. Woodley, A. Borkent, D. M. Wood, T. Pape, J. R. Vockeroth, V. Michelsen & S. A. Marshall. 2009. Key to Diptera families—adults. In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 95–156. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[CM91] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1991. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 717–786. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[J81] James, M. T. 1981. Xylomyidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 493–495. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[M81] McAlpine, J. F. 1981. Morphology and terminology—adults. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 9–63. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[WT11] Wiegmann, B. M., M. D. Trautwein, I. S. Winkler, N. B. Barr, J.-W. Kim, C. Lambkin, M. A. Bertone, B. K. Cassel, K. M. Bayless, A. M. Heimberg, B. M. Wheeler, K. J. Peterson, T. Pape, B. J. Sinclair, J. H. Skevington, V. Blagoderov, J. Caravas, S. N. Kutty, U. Schmidt-Ott, G. E. Kampmeier, F. C. Thompson, D. A. Grimaldi, A. T. Beckenbach, G. W. Courtney, M. Friedrich, R. Meier & D. K. Yeates. 2011. Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108 (14): 5690–5695.

[W09a] Woodley, N. E. 2009a. Pantophthalmidae (pantophthalmid flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 509–512. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[W09b] Woodley, N. E. 2009b. Xylomyidae (xylomyid flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 517–519. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

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