Promachus yesonicus, copyright Brian Adler.

Belongs within: Asilidae.

The Apocleinae are a group of robber flies characterised by a bare anatergite and bare antennal stylus.

Characters (from Wood 1981, as subgroup of Asilini): Apex of antenna with long, slender, bare bristle-like stylus. Palpus one-segmented. Postmetacoxal area membranous. R2+3 joining R1 proximal to end of R1, with cell r thus separated from wing margin. Anatergite bare.

<==Apocleinae [Apocleini] BT04
    |--Promachus Loew 1848 BT04, Z01
    |    |--P. anceps F09
    |    |--P. bastardii BT04
    |    |--P. bellardii F09
    |    |--P. fuscipennis F09
    |    `--P. yesonicus W81
    `--+--Efferia BT04 (see below for synonymy)
       |    |--E. aestuans W81
       |    |--E. albibarbis F09
       |    |--E. nemoralis BT04
       |    `--E. quadrimaculata F09
       `--Proctacanthus BT04
            |--P. fulviventris F09
            |--P. milbertii W81
            |--P. nearno BT04
            `--P. occidentalis BM76

Apocleinae incertae sedis:
  Mallophora F09
    |--M. media W81
    |--M. minos F09
    |--M. orcina W81
    |--M. ruficauda W81
    `--M. tibialis F09
  Ctenodontina F09
    |--*C. pectinatipes F09
    |--C. complicata F09
    `--C. martini F09
  Eccritosia F09
    |--E. barbata F09
    `--E. zamon F09
  Eicherax F09
    |--E. bellardii F09
    |--E. disjunctus F09
    `--E. nigripes F09
  Eichoichemus lizbethae F09
  Glaphyropyga dryas F09
  Martintella Artigas 1996 [=Martinella Artigas & Papavero 1995 non Jousseaume 1887] F09
    `--*M. lestes [=Asilus lestes, *Martinella lestes, Wilcoxius lestes] F09
  Taurhynchus F09
    |--T. caudatus F09
    `--T. xanthopterus F09
  Triorla F09
    |--T. interrupta F09
    `--T. striola F09
  Wilcoxius Martin 1975 F09
    |--W. acutulus F09
    |--W. crenus F09
    `--W. truncus F09
  Erax F09

Efferia BT04 [incl. Albibarbefferia F09, Carinefferia F09, Diplosynapsis F09, Nerax F09, Pogonioefferia F09, Porasilus F09]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[BT04] Bybee, S. M., S. D. Taylor, C. R. Nelson & M. F. Whiting. 2004. A phylogeny of robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) at the subfamilial level: molecular evidence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 789–797.

[F09] Fisher, E. M. 2009. Asilidae (robber flies, assassin flies, moscas cazadoras, moscas ladronas). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 585–632. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[W81] Wood, G. C. 1981. Asilidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 549–573. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[Z01] Zompro, O. 2001. A review of Eurycanthinae: Eurycanthini, with a key to genera, notes on the subfamily and designation of type species. Phasmid Studies 10 (1): 19–23.

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