Empidoidea

Protempis antennata, from Grimaldi & Engel (2005).


Belongs within: Brachycera.
Contains: Dolichopodidae, Empididae, Hybotidae.

The Empidoidea are a clade of long-legged flies supported by molecular data. Members of this clade are predators as adults and larvae (Grimaldi & Engel 2005).

<==Empidoidea
    |  i. s.: Afroclinocera GE05
    |         Homalocnemus GE05
    |         Dianafranksia WT11
    |         Brachystomatidae [Brachystomatinae, Trichopezinae] CS09
    |           |--Brachystoma occidentale SK81
    |           |--Anomalempis SK81
    |           |--Heleodromia pullata CS09, SK81
    |           `--Apalocnemis canadambris CS09, GE05
    |--Protoreogeton admirabilis GE05
    |--Homalocnemimus abjugatus GE05
    |--Protempis [Protempidinae] GE05
    |    |--P. antennata GE05
    |    `--P. minuta GE05
    `--+--+--Dolichopodidae WT11
       |  `--+--Empididae WT11
       |     `--Hybotidae WT11
       `--Atelestidae [Atelestinae] GE05
            |--Dianafranskia fisheri GE05
            |--Atelestites senectus GE05
            |--Meghyperus CS09
            `--Atelestus WT11 [incl. Platycnema K87]
                 `--A. pulicarius WT11

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[CS09] Cumming, J. M., & B. J. Sinclair. 2009. Empididae (dance flies, balloon flies, predaceous flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 653–670. Ottawa, NRC Research Press.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[K87] Kessel, E. L. 1987. Platypezidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 681–688. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[SK81] Steyskal, G. C., & L. V. Knutson. 1981. Empididae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 607–624. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[WT11] Wiegmann, B. M., M. D. Trautwein, I. S. Winkler, N. B. Barr, J.-W. Kim, C. Lambkin, M. A. Bertone, B. K. Cassel, K. M. Bayless, A. M. Heimberg, B. M. Wheeler, K. J. Peterson, T. Pape, B. J. Sinclair, J. H. Skevington, V. Blagoderov, J. Caravas, S. N. Kutty, U. Schmidt-Ott, G. E. Kampmeier, F. C. Thompson, D. A. Grimaldi, A. T. Beckenbach, G. W. Courtney, M. Friedrich, R. Meier & D. K. Yeates. 2011. Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108 (14): 5690–5695.

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