Empidoidea

Protempis antennata, from Grimaldi & Engel (2005).


Belongs within: Neoneura.
Contains: Dolichopodidae, Empididae, Hybotidae.

The Empidoidea are a clade of long-legged flies supported by molecular data. Members of this clade are predators as adults and larvae (Grimaldi & Engel 2005). In the past this group has been divided between the families Dolichopodidae and Empididae but recognition of the latter as paraphyletic has led to its division between the Empididae sensu stricto, Atelestidae, Hybotidae and basal Dolichopodidae.

<==Empidoidea
    |  i. s.: Afroclinocera GE05
    |         Homalocnemus GE05
    |         Brachystomatidae [Brachystomatinae, Trichopezinae] CS09
    |           |--Brachystoma occidentale SK81
    |           |--Anomalempis SK81
    |           |--Heleodromia pullata CS09, SK81
    |           `--Apalocnemis canadambris CS09, GE05
    |--Protoreogeton admirabilis GE05
    |--Homalocnemimus abjugatus GE05
    |--Protempis [Protempidinae] GE05
    |    |--P. antennata GE05
    |    `--P. minuta GE05
    `--+--+--Dolichopodidae WT11
       |  `--+--Empididae WT11
       |     `--Hybotidae WT11
       `--Atelestidae [Atelestinae] WT11
            |--Dianafranskia fisheri GE05
            |--Atelestites senectus GE05
            |--Meghyperus CS09
            `--Atelestus WT11 [incl. Platycnema K87]
                 `--A. pulicarius WT11

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[CS09] Cumming, J. M., & B. J. Sinclair. 2009. Empididae (dance flies, balloon flies, predaceous flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 653–670. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[K87] Kessel, E. L. 1987. Platypezidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 681–688. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[SK81] Steyskal, G. C., & L. V. Knutson. 1981. Empididae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 607–624. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[WT11] Wiegmann, B. M., M. D. Trautwein, I. S. Winkler, N. B. Barr, J.-W. Kim, C. Lambkin, M. A. Bertone, B. K. Cassel, K. M. Bayless, A. M. Heimberg, B. M. Wheeler, K. J. Peterson, T. Pape, B. J. Sinclair, J. H. Skevington, V. Blagoderov, J. Caravas, S. N. Kutty, U. Schmidt-Ott, G. E. Kampmeier, F. C. Thompson, D. A. Grimaldi, A. T. Beckenbach, G. W. Courtney, M. Friedrich, R. Meier & D. K. Yeates. 2011. Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108 (14): 5690–5695.

Last updated: 14 June 2018.

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