Histeridae

Margarinotus obscurus, copyright AfroBrazilian.


Belongs within: Hydrophiloidea.
Contains: Chlamydopsis, Saprinus, Hister.

The Histeridae are a group of carnivorous beetles that are diverse in appearance but have a generally compact body form, deeply inserted head and compactly clubbed antennae (Lawrence & Britton 1991). In members of the subfamily Saprininae, cavities along the prosternal keel allow for the retraction of the antennae against the body; other subfamilies may have similar cavities in a more lateral position (Kovarik & Carerino 2001). Species in the subfamilies Hetaeriinae and Chlamydopsinae are inquilines of social insects such as ants and termites, producing glandular secretions that attract and appease their hosts (Bouchard 2014).

Characters (from Lawrence & Britton 1991): Adult with compact body form, length 1–16 mm; head deeply inserted; antenna 8–11-segmented, almost always geniculate, with compact, pilose, one- or three-segmented club; fore coxae large, transverse, fore trochantin concealed, fore coxal cavity open; fore tibiae dentate; elytra with six or fewer striae, truncate, exposing one or two abdominal segments; middle coxal cavities very widely separated, open laterally; tarsal formula 5-5-5 or 5-5-4; abdomen with five ventrites, none connate. Larva with head prognathous; one or no stemmata; antenna three-segmented; frontoclypeal suture absent; labrum fused; mandibular mola absent; ventral mouth-parts prognathous; penicillus of hairs present at base of each mandible; maxilla without lobes; maxillary palp four- or five-segmented; labial palp two- or three-segmented; hypopharyngeal sclerome absent; hypostomal rods absent; ventral epicranial ridges absent; legs five-segmented; two or no tarsungular setae; urogomphi almost always two-segmented; abdominal spiracles biforous.

Histeridae [Niponiidae]
    |  i. s.: Epiechinus LB91
    |         Plaesius javanus Z93
    |--Niponius [Niponiinae] B14
    |    `--N. osoriceps Lewis 1885 B14
    |--Trypeticus [Trypeticinae, Trypeticini] B14
    |    `--T. cinctipygus (Marseul 1864) B14
    |--Trypanaeus [Trypanaeinae] B14
    |    `--T. bipustulatus (Fabricius 1801) B14
    |--Chlamydopsinae B14
    |    |--Eucurtia comata (Blackburn 1901) B14
    |    |--Pheidoliphila magna Dégallier & Caterino 2005 B14
    |    `--Chlamydopsis L19
    |--Onthophilinae KC01
    |    |--Peploglyptus LeConte 1880 KC01
    |    |    `--P. belfragei LeConte 1880 KC01
    |    `--Onthophilus Leach 1817 KC01
    |         |--O. cynomysi KC01
    |         |--O. deflectus KC01
    |         `--O. punctatus (Müller 1776) B14
    |--Hetaeriinae KC01
    |    |--Mroczkowskiella Mazur 1984 [incl. Echinodes Zimmerman 1869] KC01
    |    |--Ulkeus Horn 1885 KC01
    |    |--Terapus Marseul 1862 KC01
    |    |--Chrysetaerius Reichensperger 1923 KC01
    |    |--Euclasea Lewis 1888 KC01
    |    |--Reninus Lewis 1889 [incl. Renia Lewis 1885 non Guenée 1854] KC01
    |    |    `--R. salvini (Lewis 1888) KC01
    |    `--Hetaerius Erichson 1834 KC01
    |         |--H. blanchardi KC01
    |         `--H. tristriatus Horn 1874 B14
    |--Tribalinae KC01
    |    |--Idolia Lewis 1885 KC01
    |    |--Plagiogramma Tarsia in Curia 1935 non Greville 1859 (ICBN) KC01
    |    |    `--P. subtropica (Casey 1893) KC01
    |    |--Epierus Erichson 1834 KC01
    |    |    `--E. pulicarius KC01
    |    |--Pseudepierus Casey 1916 KC01
    |    |    `--P. gentilis (Horn 1883) KC01
    |    |--Stictostix Marseul 1870 KC01
    |    |    `--S. californicus KC01
    |    `--Caerosternus LeConte 1852 KC01
    |         `--C. americanus (LeConte 1845) KC01
    |--Dendrophilinae KC01
    |    |--Dendrophilus Leach 1817 [Dendrophilini] KC01
    |    |--Anapleus Horn 1873 [Anapleini] KC01
    |    |    `--A. marginatus KC01
    |    |--Bacaniini KC01
    |    |    |--Bacanius LeConte 1853 KC01
    |    |    |    `--B. (Gomyister Mazur 1984) KC01
    |    |    `--Geocolus Wenzel 1944 KC01
    |    |         `--G. caecus Wenzel 1944 KC01
    |    `--Paromalini B14
    |         |--Xestipyge Marseul 1862 KC01
    |         |--Platylomalus Cooman 1948 KC01
    |         |    `--P. aequalis (Erichson 1834) KC01
    |         |--Carcinops Marseul 1855 KC01
    |         |    `--C. (Carcinopsida Casey 1916) KC01
    |         |         `--C. (C.) opuntiae KC01
    |         `--Paromalus Erichson 1834 [incl. Microlomalus Lewis 1907] KC01
    |              |  i. s.: P. seeversi KC01
    |              `--P. (Isolomalus Lewis 1907) KC01
    |--Abraeinae B14
    |    |--Abraeini KC01
    |    |    |--Plegaderus Erichson 1834 KC01
    |    |    |--Chaetabraeus Portevin 1929 KC01
    |    |    |    `--C. chandleri Mazur 1991 KC01
    |    |    `--Abraeus Leach 1817 KC01
    |    |         |--A. bolteri LeConte 1880 KC01
    |    |         `--A. globulus C01
    |    |--Acritini KC01
    |    |    |--Halacritus Schmidt 1793 [incl. Paracritus Brethes 1823] KC01
    |    |    |--Aeletes Horn 1873 KC01
    |    |    |    `--A. (Acritinus Casey 1916) KC01
    |    |    `--Acritus LeConte 1853 KC01
    |    |         |  i. s.: A. attaphilus KC01
    |    |         `--A. (Pycnacritus Casey 1916) KC01
    |    `--Teretriini B14
    |         |--Pleuroleptus B14
    |         |--Teretriosoma Horn 1873 KC01
    |         |--Xyphonotus B14
    |         `--Teretrius Erichson 1834 KC01
    |              |--T. americanus KC01
    |              |--T. nigrescens B14
    |              |--T. (Teretrius) poneli Gomy 2005 F05
    |              `--T. pulex (Fairmaire 1877) B14
    |--Saprininae KC01
    |    |--Saprinus B14
    |    |--Gnathoncus Duval 1858 KC01
    |    |--Eremosaprinus Ross 1939 KC01
    |    |--Hypocaccus Thomson 1867 KC01
    |    |    `--H. (Baeckmanniolus Reichardt 1926) KC01
    |    |--Neopachylopus Reichardt 1926 KC01
    |    |    `--N. sulcifrons (Mannerheim 1843) KC01
    |    |--Monachister Mazur 1991 KC01
    |    |    `--M. californicus Mazur 1991 KC01
    |    |--Philoxenus Mazur 1991 KC01
    |    |    `--P. desertorum Mazur 1991 KC01
    |    |--Chelyoxenus Hubbard 1894 KC01
    |    |    `--C. xerobatis Hubbard 1894 KC01
    |    |--Aphelosternus Wenzel 1962 KC01
    |    |    `--A. interstitialis (LeConte 1851) KC01
    |    |--Geomysaprinus Ross 1940 KC01
    |    |    |  i. s.: G. obscurus KC01
    |    |    |         G. obsidianus KC01
    |    |    `--G. (Priscosaprinus Wenzel 1962) KC01
    |    |--Xerosaprinus Wenzel 1962 KC01
    |    |    |--X. (Auchmosaprinus Wenzel 1962) KC01
    |    |    |--X. (Lophobregmus Wenzel 1962) KC01
    |    |    `--X. (Vastosaprinus Wenzel 1962) KC01
    |    `--Euspilotus Lewis 1907 KC01
    |         |  i. s.: E. rossi KC01
    |         |--E. (Hesperosaprinus Wenzel 1962) KC01
    |         `--E. (Neosaprinus Bickhardt 1909) KC01
    `--Histerinae B14
         |  i. s.: Pachylister inaequalis (Olivier 1789) B14
         |         Yarmister Wenzel 1939 KC01
         |           `--Y. barberi Wenzel 1939 KC01
         |--Omalodes Erichson 1834 [Omalodini] KC01
         |--Platysoma Leach 1817 [incl. Abbotia Leach 1830; Platysomatini] KC01
         |    |  i. s.: P. algiricum Lucas 1846 E12
         |    |--P. (Cylister Cooman 1941) KC01
         |    |--P. (Cylistix Marseul 1857) KC01
         |    `--P. (Eurylister Bickhardt 1920) KC01
         |--Exosterinini KC01
         |    |--Tribalister Horn 1873 KC01
         |    |--Pseudister Bickhardt 1917 KC01
         |    |--Phelisteroides hospes (Lewis 1902) [=Pseudister hospes] KC01
         |    `--Phelister Marseul 1853 KC01
         |         |--P. balzanii Schmidt 1889 S89
         |         `--P. fulvulus S89
         |--Hololeptini B14
         |    |--Oxysternus maximus (Linnaeus 1767) B14
         |    |--Iliotona Carnochan 1917 KC01
         |    |    `--I. cacti LeConte 1851 KC01
         |    `--Hololepta Paykull 1811 [incl. Lioderma Marseul 1857, Lionota Marseul 1853] KC01
         |         |  i. s.: H. batchiana Mars 1860 M86
         |         |         H. plana (Sulzer 1776) B14
         |         |         H. sidnensis Mars 1860 M86
         |         `--H. (Leionota Dejean 1837) KC01
         `--Histerini KC01
              |--Hister B14
              |--Atholus Thomson 1862 [incl. Atholister Reitter 1909] KC01
              |--Merohister Reitter 1909 KC01
              |    |--M. grandis KC01
              |    `--M. oculatus KC01
              |--Psiloscelis Marseul 1853 KC01
              |    |--P. corrosa KC01
              |    `--P. subopacus KC01
              `--Margarinotus Marseul 1853 KC01
                   |  i. s.: M. egregius KC01
                   |         M. guttifer KC01
                   |         M. umbiculatus KC01
                   |--M. (Paralister Bickhardt 1916) KC01
                   |--M. (Promethister Kryzhanovskij 1966) KC01
                   |--M. (Ptomister Houlbert & Monnot 1922) KC01
                   `--M. (Stenister Reichhardt 1920) KC01
                        `--M. (S.) obscurus KC01

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature's gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[KC01] Kovarik, P. W., & M. S. Carerino. 2001. Histeridae Gyllenhal, 1808. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr & M. C. Thomas (eds) American Beetles vol. 1. Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia pp. 212–227. CRC Press: Boca Raton.

[LB91] Lawrence, J. F., & E. B. Britton. 1991. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 543–683. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[L19] Lea, A. M. 1919. Notes on some miscellaneous Coleoptera with descriptions of new species.—Part V. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 43: 166–261, pls 25–27.

[M86] Macleay, W. 1886. The insects of the Fly River, New Guinea, "Coleoptera". Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 136–157.

[S89] Schmidt, J. 1889. Descrizione di una nuova specie di Histeridae. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 112.

[Z93] Zimmerman, E. C. 1993. Australian Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) vol. 3. Nanophyidae, Rhynchophoridae, Erirhinidae, Curculionidae: Amycterinae, literature consulted. CSIRO Australia.

Last updated: 18 October 2018.

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