Histeridae

Saprinus aeneus, copyright K. V. Makarov.


Belongs within: Staphyliniformia.
Contains: Chlamydopsis.

The Histeridae are a group of carnivorous beetles that are diverse in appearance but have a generally compact body form, deeply inserted head and compactly clubbed antennae (Lawrence & Britton 1991). Species in the subfamilies Haeteriinae and Chlamydopsinae are inquilines of social insects such as ants and termites, producing glandular secretions that attract and appease their hosts (Bouchard 2014).

Characters (from Lawrence & Britton 1991): Adult with compact body form, length 1–16 mm; head deeply inserted; antenna 8–11-segmented, almost always geniculate, with compact, pilose, one- or three-segmented club; fore coxae large, transverse, fore trochantin concealed, fore coxal cavity open; fore tibiae dentate; elytra with six or fewer striae, truncate, exposing one or two abdominal segments; middle coxal cavities very widely separated, open laterally; tarsal formula 5-5-5 or 5-5-4; abdomen with five ventrites, none connate. Larva with head prognathous; one or no stemmata; antenna three-segmented; frontoclypeal suture absent; labrum fused; mandibular mola absent; ventral mouth-parts prognathous; penicillus of hairs present at base of each mandible; maxilla without lobes; maxillary palp four- or five-segmented; labial palp two- or three-segmented; hypopharyngeal sclerome absent; hypostomal rods absent; ventral epicranial ridges absent; legs five-segmented; two or no tarsungular setae; urogomphi almost always two-segmented; abdominal spiracles biforous.

Histeridae
    |--Niponius [Niponiinae] B14
    |    `--N. osoriceps Lewis 1885 B14
    |--Trypeticus [Trypeticinae, Trypeticini] B14
    |    `--T. cinctipygus (Marseul 1864) B14
    |--Trypanaeus [Trypanaeinae] B14
    |    `--T. bipustulatus (Fabricius 1801) B14
    |--Onthophilus [Onthophilinae] B14
    |    `--O. punctatus (Müller 1776) B14
    |--Haeterius [Haeteriini] B14
    |    `--H. tristriatus Horn 1874 B14
    |--Chlamydopsinae B14
    |    |--Eucurtia comata (Blackburn 1901) B14
    |    |--Pheidoliphila magna Dégallier & Caterino 2005 B14
    |    `--Chlamydopsis L19
    |--Paromalini [Dendrophilinae] B14
    |    |--Platylomalus aequalis (Say 1825) B14
    |    |--Xestipyge B14
    |    |--Carcinops B14
    |    `--Paromalus B14
    |--Abraeinae B14
    |    |  i. s.: Abraeus globulus C01
    |    `--Teretriini B14
    |         |--Pleuroleptus B14
    |         |--Teretriosoma B14
    |         |--Xyphonotus B14
    |         `--Teretrius B14
    |              |--T. nigrescens B14
    |              |--T. (Teretrius) poneli Gomy 2005 F05
    |              `--T. pulex (Fairmaire 1877) B14
    |--Saprinus [Saprininae, Saprinini] B14
    |    |--S. aeneus C01
    |    |--S. chalcites [=Hister chalcites] G89
    |    |--S. concinnus C01
    |    |--S. conjungens C01
    |    |--S. cyaneus (Fabricius 1775) B14
    |    |--S. dimidiatus C01
    |    |--S. externus C01
    |    |--S. immundus C01
    |    |--S. mauritanicus Lucas 1847 E12
    |    |--S. metallicus C01
    |    |--S. moyses Mars 1862 G89
    |    |--S. punctatissimus Erichs. 1824 G89
    |    |--S. semistriatus [incl. S. nitidulus, S. semipunctatus] C01
    |    |--S. speculifer [=Hister speculifer] G89
    |    `--S. virescens C01
    `--Histerinae B14
         |  i. s.: Pachylister inaequalis (Olivier 1789) B14
         |--Hololeptini B14
         |    |--Oxysternus maximus (Linnaeus 1767) B14
         |    `--Hololepta B14
         |         |--H. batchiana Mars 1860 M86
         |         |--H. plana (Sulzer 1776) B14
         |         `--H. sidnensis Mars 1860 M86
         `--Hister Linnaeus 1758 L58 [Histerini LB91]
              |--H. bimaculatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
              |--H. bissexstriatus C01
              |--H. cadaverinus C01
              |--H. czikanni Csiki 1901 C01
              |--H. fimetarius C01
              |--H. funestus C01
              |--H. purpurascens C01
              |--H. pygmaeus Linnaeus 1758 L58
              |--H. quadrimaculatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
              |--H. quadrinotatus Scriba 1790 B14
              |--H. unicolor Linnaeus 1758 L58
              |--H. ventralis C01
              `--H. walkeri LB91

Histeridae incertae sedis:
  Aeletes O94
  Phelister S89
    |--P. balzanii Schmidt 1889 S89
    `--P. fulvulus S89
  Halacritus MC13
  Epiechinus LB91
  Platysoma algiricum Lucas 1847 LB91, E12
  Hypocaccus LB91
  Euspilotus MW15
  Bacanius MW15
  Plaesius javanus Z93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature's gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] Band II. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[G89] Gestro, R. 1889. Viaggio ab Assab nel Mar Rosso dei signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso «Esploratore» dal 16 Novembre 1879 al 26 Febbraio 1880.—IV. Coleotteri. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 5–72.

[LB91] Lawrence, J. F., & E. B. Britton. 1991. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 543–683. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[L19] Lea, A. M. 1919. Notes on some miscellaneous Coleoptera with descriptions of new species.—Part V. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 43: 166–261, pls 25–27.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[M86] Macleay, W. 1886. The insects of the Fly River, New Guinea, "Coleoptera". Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 136–157.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[MW15] McKenna, D. D., A. L. Wild, K. Kanda, C. L. Bellamy, R. G. Beutel, M. S. Caterino, C. W. Farnum, D. C. Hawks, M. A. Ivie, M. L. Jameson, R. A. B. Leschen, A. E. Marvaldi, J. V. McHugh, A. F. Newton, J. A. Robertson, M. K. Thayer, M. F. Whiting, J. F. Lawrence, A. Ślipiński, D. R. Maddison & B. D. Farrell. 2015. The beetle tree of life reveals that Coleoptera survived end-Permian mass extinction to diversify during the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution. Systematic Entomology 40 (4): 835–880.

[O94] Otte, D. 1994. The Crickets of Hawaii: origin, systematics and evolution. The Orthopterists’ Society: The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

[S89] Schmidt, J. 1889. Descrizione di una nuova specie di Histeridae. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 112.

[Z93] Zimmerman, E. C. 1993. Australian Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) vol. 3. Nanophyidae, Rhynchophoridae, Erirhinidae, Curculionidae: Amycterinae, literature consulted. CSIRO Australia.

Last updated: 25 May 2017.

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