European green lizard Lacerta bilineata male (left) and female (right), with common wall lizard Podarcis muralis, photographed by Benchaum.

Belongs within: Lacertidae.

Lacerta, the green lizards, is a genus of relatively large and often brightly coloured lizards found in Europe and western Asia, with the highest density of species in southern Europe. The sand lizard Lacerta agilis is found over a large part of temperate Eurasia, albeit with a patchy distribution in some areas.

Lacerta Linnaeus 1758 B89
    |--L. acrolampra Costa 1839 M55b
    |--L. agilis Linnaeus 1758 MA04
    |--L. bedriagae M55b
    |    |--L. b. bedriagae M55b
    |    `--L. b. tinettoi Taddei 1949 M55b
    |--L. bilineata N10
    |--L. cappadocica LK03
    |--L. filfolensis M55b
    |--L. horvarthi K08
    |--L. ionica M55b
    |--L. kulzeri (Barbour 1914) LK03
    |--L. laevis LK03
    |--L. monticola SRS02
    |--L. muralis M55c
    |    |--L. m. muralis M55c
    |    |--L. m. albiventris (Bonaparte 1836) (see below for synonymy) M55b
    |    |--L. m. breviceps [incl. L. muralis appenninica Taddei 1949] M55b
    |    |--L. m. colosii Taddei 1948 [incl. L. baldasseronii] M55c
    |    `--L. m. tilliguerta M55b
    |--L. oxycephala C79
    |--L. praticola K08
    |    |--L. p. praticola K08
    |    `--L. p. pontica K08
    |--L. saxicola W78
    |--L. schreiberi N10
    |--L. taurica M55b
    |--L. unisexualis M68
    |--L. viridis Laurenti 1768 BB03 [incl. L. trilineata H91]
    |    |--L. v. viridis M55c
    |    |--L. v. fejervaryi M55c
    |    `--L. v. italica M55c
    |--L. vivipara K08
    `--L. wagleriana M55b
         |--L. w. wagleriana [incl. L. sicula catanensis Taddei 1949] M55b
         `--L. w. antoninoi Mertens 1955 M55a

Lacerta muralis albiventris (Bonaparte 1836) [=Podarcis muralis albiventris; incl. L. muralis multifasciata Positano Spada 1892, L. muralis neapolitana Bedriaga 1874] M55b

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B89] Bailon, S. 1989. Les amphibiens et les reptiles du Pliocene superieur de Balaruc II (Herault, France). Palaeovertebrata 19 (1): 7-28.

[BB03] Blain, H.-A., & S. Bailon. 2003. Les amphibiens et les reptiles des couches du Pléistocène supérieur ancien du gisement d’Artenac (Charente, France). Quaternaire 14 (1): 85-95.

[C79] Clover, R. C. 1979. Phenetic relationships among populations of Podarcis sicula and P. melisellensis (Sauria: Lacertidae) from islands in the Adriatic Sea. Systematic Zoology 28 (3): 284-298.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255-260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[K08] Korsós, Z. 2008. History of the Herpetological Collection of the Hungarian Natural History Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 100: 37-93.

[LK03] Lymberakis, P. & A. Kalionzopoulou. 2003. Additions to the herpetofauna of Syria. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 33-39.

[M68] Maslin, T. P. 1968. Taxonomic problems in parthenogenetic vertebrates. Systematic Zoology 17 (3): 219-231.

[M55a] Mertens, R. 1955a. Die Mauereidechsen der Liparischen Inseln, gesammelt von Dr. Antonino Trischitta. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (1-2): 25-40.

[M55b] Mertens, R. 1955b. Die Maueridechsen Kalabriens, Siziliens und einiger benachbarter Inseln. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 219-234.

[M55c] Mertens, R. 1955c. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Insel Elba. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 287-296.

[MA04] Modesto, S. P., & J. S. Anderson. 2004. The phylogenetic definition of Reptilia. Systematic Biology 53 (5): 815-821.

[N10] Naish, D. 2010. Tetrapod Zoology: Book One. CFZ Press: Bideford (UK).

[SRS02] Shanbhag, B. A., R. S. Radder & S. K. Saidapur. 2002. Members of opposite sex mutually regulate gonadal recrudescence in the lizard Calotes versicolor (Agamidae). Journal of Biosciences 27 (5): 529-537.

[W78] Wiley, E. O. 1978. The evolutionary species concept revisited. Systematic Zoology 27 (3): 17-26.

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