Dwarf poinciana Caesalpinia pulcherrima, copyright Atamari.

Belongs within: Fabales.

The Caesalpinieae are a pantropical group of trees and climbers commonly bearing bipinnate leaves.

Characters (from Flora of China): Leaves bipinnate or rarely pinnate. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic. Receptacle discoid. Sepals (3-)5(or 6), inserted on margin of receptacle, often unequal, lowest larger, on outside, hooded or navicular. Petals usually 5, rarely 4, slightly unequal. Stamens (4-)10(-20), free, subequal; anthers basifixed or dorsifixed, opening by lateral slits. Ovary or ovary stipe inserted at base of receptacle; ovules 2 to numerous, rarely 1.

<==Caesalpinieae WL09
    |--Cenostigma Tulasne 1843 WL09
    |    |--C. macrophyllum Tulasne 1843 [incl. C. angustifolium Tulasne 1843, C. gardnerianum Tulasne 1843] WL09
    |    `--C. tocantinum Ducke 1915 WL09
    `--Caesalpinia WL09
         |--C. bonduc J07
         |--C. crista B00
         |--C. decapetala H06
         |--C. ferrea B00
         |--C. gilliesii [=Poinciana gilliesii] H93
         |--C. major SR07
         |--C. marginata [incl. Cenostigma sclerophyllum Malme 1900] WL09
         |--C. merxmuellerana CV06
         |--C. mexicana B00
         |--C. oppositifolia H03
         |--C. pacifica (Knowlton) Brown 1956 [=Quercus pacifica Knowlton 1900] B56
         |--C. pearsonii CV06
         |--C. pecorae Brown 1956 B56
         |--C. praecox O06
         |--C. pulcherrima VHK02
         |--C. sappan K03
         |--C. sepiaria J87
         |--C. spinosa OA02
         `--C. virgata [incl. Hoffmannseggia microphylla] H93

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[B56] Brown, R. W. 1956. New items in Cretaceous and Tertiary floras of the western United States. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (4): 104–108.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[H03] Heads, M. 2003. Ericaceae in Malesia: vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea 10 (1): 311–449.

[H06] Henderson, L. 2006. Comparisons of invasive plants in southern Africa originating from southern temperate, northern temperate and tropical regions. Bothalia 36 (2): 201–222.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[J07] Jadhav, D. 2007. Ethno-medicinal plants used by Bhil tribe of Matrunda, district Ratlam, Madhya Pradesh, India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 203–206.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81–98.

[OA02] Ochoa, J. A., & L. E. Acosta. 2002. Orobothriurus atiquipa, a new bothriurid species (Scorpiones) from Lomas in southern Peru. Journal of Arachnology 30: 98–103.

[O06] Outes, F. F. 1906. Instrumentos y armas neol√≠ticos de Cochic√≥ (Provincia de Mendoza). Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, serie 3, 6: 277–286.

[SR07] Sankar, R. V., K. Ravikumar, N. M. Ganesh Babu & D. K. Ved. 2007. Botany of Anapady MPCA, Palghat district, Kerala with special emphasis on species of conservation concern. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 165–172.

[VHK02] Verma, M., M. Hayat & S. I. Kazmi. 2002. The species of Elasmus from India (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae). Oriental Insects 36: 245–306.

[WL09] Warwick, M. C., & G. P. Lewis. 2009. A revision of Cenostigma (Leguminosae—Caesalpinioideae—Caesalpinieae), a genus endemic to Brazil. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 135–146.

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