Ziziphus

Jujube Ziziphus jujuba, copyright Zeynel Cebeci.


Belongs within: Rhamnaceae.

Ziziphus is a mostly tropical group of trees, shrubs and vines of which some species are cultivated for their edible fruits.

Characters (from Hickman 1993): Tree, shrub, vine. Branches alternate, flexible, sometimes 2-3-ranked; twigs thorn-tipped. Leaves in part clustered on short shoots, deciduous or evergreen, petioled; stipules sometimes unequal spines; blade ovate to oblong, 1-3-ribbed from base, more or less entire to serrate. Inflorescence a cyme or small panicle. Flower with hypanthium surrounding base of wary; sepals 5; petals 5, < or = sepals; stamens 5; wary broadly attached at base, chambers 2, each 1-ovuled, styles 2. Fruit a drupe, stone 1.

<==Ziziphus P06
    |--Z. amole SK93
    |--Z. angustifolius (Miq.) Hatus 1960 (see below for synonymy) S77
    |--Z. borneensis SK93
    |--Z. calophylla SK93
    |--Z. glabrata SK93
    |--Z. guaranitica SK93
    |--Z. heguertii SK93
    |--Z. helvola SK93
    |--Z. inermis SK93
    |--Z. joazeiro SK93
    |--Z. jujuba D01 [incl. Z. vulgaris LO98]
    |--Z. lenticellata SK93
    |--Z. lotus SK93
    |--Z. lycioides MF68
    |--Z. mauritiana P06
    |    |--Z. m. var. mauritiana P06
    |    `--Z. m. var. pubescens Bhandari & Bhansai 1990 P06
    |--Z. melastomoides SK93
    |--Z. mucronata SK93
    |--Z. nummularia PP07
    |--Z. obtusifolia H93
    |    |--Z. o. var. obtusifolia H93
    |    `--Z. o. var. canescens [=Condalia lycioides var. canescens] H93
    |--Z. oenoplia SK93
    |--Z. oxyphylla P03
    |--Z. parryi [=Condalia parryi] H93
    |--Z. pseudojoazeiro SK93
    |--Z. quadrilocularis LK14
    |--Z. rhodoxylon SK93
    |--Z. rugosa SK93
    |--Z. spina-christi AGF98
    |--Z. talanai SK93
    |--Z. thyrsiflorus SK93
    |--Z. xylopyrus SK93
    `--Z. zeyheriana SK93

Ziziphus angustifolius (Miq.) Hatus 1960 [=Solenostigma angustifolium Miq. 1861, Celtis angustifolia (Miq.) Planch. in DC. 1873 non Lindl. ex Wall. 1831; incl. Celtis grewioides Warb. 1891] S77

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AGF98] Abd El-Ghani, M. M., & A. G. Fahmy. 1998. Composition of and changes in the spontaneous flora of Feiran Oasis, S Sinai, Egypt, in the last 60 years. Willdenowia 28: 123–134.

[D01] Doweld, A. B. 2001. The systematic relevance of fruit and seed structure in Bersama and Melianthus (Melianthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 227: 75–103.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[LO98] Lack, H. W., & H. Ohba. 1998. Die Xylothek des Chikusai Kato. Willdenowia 28: 263–276.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[MF68] Moran, R., & R. Felger. 1968. Castela polyandra, a new species in a new section; union of Holacantha with Castela (Simaroubaceae). Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 15 (4): 31–40.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[P06] Parmar, P. J. 2006. Additions to the flora of Gujarat from Mehsana and Kutch districts (N. Gujarat). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 48: 191–196.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 121–142.

[SK93] Schirarend, C., & E. K√∂hler. 1993. Rhamnaceae Juss. World Pollen and Spore Flora 17/18: 1–53.

[S77] Soepadmo, E. 1977. Ulmaceae. Flora Malesiana, Series I—Spermatophyta, Flowering Plants 8 (2): 31–76.

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