Psoroptidia

Male Freyanella tarandus, from OConnor (2009).


Belongs within: Astigmatina.
Contains: Eustathiidae, Freyanidae, Listrophoridae, Analgoidea, Pterolichidae.

The Psoroptidia are a group of astigmatan mites usually found as parasites or commensals on birds or mammals, most commonly in association with the feathers or hair (OConnor 2009).

Characters (from OConnor 2009): Body cuticle usually at least partially striate: genital papillae greatly reduced or absent; tibiae Iand II with a dorsal solenidion and one (v') or rarely no ventral setae; unguinal serae absent from all tarsi; pretarsi often enlarged, with ambulacral stalk and disc well developed, empodial claws usually reduced or incorporated into ambulacral disc as central sclerite; deutonymph absent from life cycle.

<==Psoroptidia [Freyanoidea, Psoroptides, Psoroptoidae, Pterolichoidea] DW10
    |--Syringobiidae DW10
    |    |--Syringobia longipenis DW10
    |    |--Plutarchusia O09
    |    |--Paidoplutarchusia O09
    |    `--Phyllochaeta DW10
    |         |--P. bouveti DW10
    |         `--P. tenuiseta O09
    `--+--Kramerellidae [Kramerellinae] DW10
       |    |--Petitota O09
       |    |--Parabdellorhynchus O09
       |    |--Kramerella DW10
       |    |    |--K. maculata O09
       |    |    `--K. oti DW10
       |    `--Freyanella Dubinin 1953 H98
       |         |--F. alcicornus Atyeo et al. 1972 H98
       |         |--F. perpapillata Atyeo et al. 1972 H98
       |         |--F. plataleae (Dubinin & Dubinina 1940) [=Freyana plataleae] H98
       |         `--F. tarandus (Trouessart & Neumann 1888) [=Freyana tarandus] H98
       `--+--Freyanidae DW10
          `--+--+--Listrophoridae DW10
             |  `--Analgoidea DW10
             `--+--Pterolichidae DW10
                `--Falculiferidae DW10
                     |--Atyeonia bifurcata O09
                     |--Falculifer Railliet 1896 H98
                     |    `--F. rostratus (Buchholz 1869) (see below for synonymy) H98
                     |--Pterophagus Mégnin in Robin & Mégnin 1877 H98
                     |    `--P. strictus Mégnin in Robin & Mégnin 1877 H98
                     `--Psittophagus Gaud & Atyeo 1996 H98
                          |--P. obsoletus (Mégnin & Trouessart 1884) [=Pterolichus ornatus obsoletus] H98
                          `--P. ornatus (Mégnin & Trouessart 1884) [=Pterolichus ornatus] H98

Psoroptidia incertae sedis:
  Gabuciniidae DW10
    |--Gabucinia delibata WP99
    |--Hieracolichus nisi DW10
    |--Capitolichus tetroplourus O09
    |--Aetacarus phylloproctus O09
    `--Artamacarus Gaud & Atyeo 1975 H98
         `--A. diacanthurus Gaud & Atyeo 1975 H98
  Caudifera [Caudiferidae] O09
    `--C. marginata O09
  Vexillariidae O09
    |--Vexillaria intermedia O09
    `--Calaobia [Calaobiinae] O09
  Ptiloxenus [Ptiloxenidae O09]
    `--P. major O09
  Eustathiidae O09
  Crypturoptidae O09
    |--Mesosathes tetrasetosus O09
    `--Allosathes anepiandrius O09
  Gangolichus [Cheylabididae] O09
    `--G. prionurus O09
  Psilolichus [Ochrolichidae] O09
    `--P. brachyurus O09
  Rectijanua [Rectijanuidae] O09
    `--R. striata O09
  Thoracosathes [Thoracosathesidae] O09
    `--T. thoracosathes O09
  Ascouracaridae [Ascouracarinae] O09
    |--Orphanacarus Gaud & Atyeo 1976 H98
    |    `--O. parvisetiger Dabert & Ehrnsberger 1992 H98
    `--Ascouracarus Gaud & Kolebinova 1973 H98
         |--A. distinctus Dabert & Ehrnsberger 1992 H98
         `--A. michigani O09
  Kiwilichus [Kiwilichidae] O09
    `--K. delosikyus O09
  Oconnoria [Oconnoriidae] O09
    `--O. inexpectata O09

Falculifer rostratus (Buchholz 1869) [=Dermaleichus rostratus, Faculifer (l. c.) rostratus, Falciger rostratus] H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[DW10] Dabert, M., W. Witalinski, A. Kazmierski, Z. Olszanowski & J. Dabert. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of acariform mites (Acari, Arachnida): strong conflict between phylogenetic signal and long-branch attraction artifacts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 222–241.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 565–657. Texas Tech University Press.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

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