Male Freyanella tarandus, from OConnor (2009).

Belongs within: Astigmatina.
Contains: Eustathiidae, Freyanidae, Listrophoridae, Analgoidea, Pterolichidae.

The Psoroptidia are a group of astigmatan mites usually found as parasites or commensals on birds or mammals, most commonly in association with the feathers or hair. OConnor (2009) divided the Psoroptidia between three superfamilies, the bird-associated Pterolichoidea and Analgoidea, and the mammal-associated Sarcoptoidea but phylogenetic analysis by Dabert et al. (2010) indicates that the Pterolichoidea is paraphyletic to a clade containing the other two groups.

Characters (from OConnor 2009): Body cuticle usually at least partially striate: genital papillae greatly reduced or absent; tibiae Iand II with a dorsal solenidion and one (v') or rarely no ventral setae; unguinal serae absent from all tarsi; pretarsi often enlarged, with ambulacral stalk and disc well developed, empodial claws usually reduced or incorporated into ambulacral disc as central sclerite; deutonymph absent from life cycle.

<==Psoroptidia [Freyanoidea, Psoroptides, Psoroptoidae, Pterolichoidea] DW10
    |--Syringobiidae DW10
    |    |--Syringobia longipenis DW10
    |    |--Plutarchusia O09
    |    |--Paidoplutarchusia O09
    |    `--Phyllochaeta DW10
    |         |--P. bouveti DW10
    |         `--P. tenuiseta O09
    `--+--Kramerellidae [Kramerellinae] DW10
       |    |--Petitota O09
       |    |--Parabdellorhynchus O09
       |    |--Kramerella DW10
       |    |    |--K. maculata O09
       |    |    `--K. oti DW10
       |    `--Freyanella Dubinin 1953 H98
       |         |--F. alcicornus Atyeo et al. 1972 H98
       |         |--F. perpapillata Atyeo et al. 1972 H98
       |         |--F. plataleae (Dubinin & Dubinina 1940) [=Freyana plataleae] H98
       |         `--F. tarandus (Trouessart & Neumann 1888) [=Freyana tarandus] H98
       `--+--Freyanidae DW10
          `--+--+--Listrophoridae DW10
             |  `--Analgoidea DW10
             `--+--Pterolichidae DW10
                `--Falculiferidae DW10
                     |--Atyeonia bifurcata O09
                     |--Falculifer Railliet 1896 H98
                     |    `--F. rostratus (Buchholz 1869) (see below for synonymy) H98
                     |--Pterophagus Mégnin in Robin & Mégnin 1877 H98
                     |    `--P. strictus Mégnin in Robin & Mégnin 1877 H98
                     `--Psittophagus Gaud & Atyeo 1996 H98
                          |--P. obsoletus (Mégnin & Trouessart 1884) [=Pterolichus ornatus obsoletus] H98
                          `--P. ornatus (Mégnin & Trouessart 1884) [=Pterolichus ornatus] H98

Psoroptidia incertae sedis:
  Gabuciniidae DW10
    |--Gabucinia delibata WP99
    |--Hieracolichus nisi DW10
    |--Capitolichus tetroplourus O09
    |--Aetacarus phylloproctus O09
    `--Artamacarus Gaud & Atyeo 1975 H98
         `--A. diacanthurus Gaud & Atyeo 1975 H98
  Caudifera [Caudiferidae] O09
    `--C. marginata O09
  Vexillariidae O09
    |--Vexillaria intermedia O09
    `--Calaobia [Calaobiinae] O09
  Ptiloxenus [Ptiloxenidae O09]
    `--P. major O09
  Eustathiidae O09
  Crypturoptidae O09
    |--Mesosathes tetrasetosus O09
    `--Allosathes anepiandrius O09
  Gangolichus [Cheylabididae] O09
    `--G. prionurus O09
  Psilolichus [Ochrolichidae] O09
    `--P. brachyurus O09
  Rectijanua [Rectijanuidae] O09
    `--R. striata O09
  Thoracosathes [Thoracosathesidae] O09
    `--T. thoracosathes O09
  Ascouracaridae [Ascouracarinae] O09
    |--Orphanacarus Gaud & Atyeo 1976 H98
    |    `--O. parvisetiger Dabert & Ehrnsberger 1992 H98
    `--Ascouracarus Gaud & Kolebinova 1973 H98
         |--A. distinctus Dabert & Ehrnsberger 1992 H98
         `--A. michigani O09
  Kiwilichus [Kiwilichidae] O09
    `--K. delosikyus O09
  Oconnoria [Oconnoriidae] O09
    `--O. inexpectata O09

Falculifer rostratus (Buchholz 1869) [=Dermaleichus rostratus, Faculifer (l. c.) rostratus, Falciger rostratus] H98

*Type species of generic name indicated


[DW10] Dabert, M., W. Witalinski, A. Kazmierski, Z. Olszanowski & J. Dabert. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of acariform mites (Acari, Arachnida): strong conflict between phylogenetic signal and long-branch attraction artifacts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 222–241.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 565–657. Texas Tech University Press.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

Last updated: 9 May 2019.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="">FoS</a> = FoS