Mycosphaerella graminicola on leaves of wheat, photographed by Maccheek.

Belongs within: Capnodiales.

The Mycosphaerellaceae are a group of often plant-pathogenic fungi including the genus Cercospora and related taxa, commonly associated with spot formation on leaves.

    |--Achorodothis EB03
    |--Cymadothea EB03
    |--Euryachora EB03
    |--Melanodothis EB03
    |--Placocrea EB03
    |--Sphaerellothecium EB03
    |--Stigmidium peltideae EB03, A96
    |--Sphaerulina EB03 [incl. Micronectriella von Höhnel 1906 RS99]
    |    `--S. pterocarpi (Racib.) Arx & Müller 1975 (see below for synonymy) RS99
    |--Wernerella Navarro-Rosines, Roux & Giralt 1998 EB03, E99
    |    `--*W. maheui (Werner) Navarro-Rosines, Roux & Giralt 1998 [=Leptosphaeria maheui] E99
    `--Mycosphaerella LH04
         |  i. s.: M. africana SH05
         |         M. bellula SH05
         |         M. castanopsidis D03
         |         M. citri VC07
         |         M. confusa SH05
         |         M. fibrillosa SH05
         |         M. holuoaloana SH05
         |         M. konae SH05
         |         M. microspora SH05
         |         M. mycopappi SL02
         |         M. nubilosa SH05
         |         M. thermopsidis D03
         |         M. waimeana SH05
         |--+--M. fijiensis SS09
         |  `--Cercospora SS09
         |       |--C. apii MC03
         |       |--C. beticola SS09
         |       |--C. fusimaculans P99
         |       |--C. kikuchii SH05
         |       |--C. nicotianae BL00
         |       |--C. oryzae BH98
         |       |--C. septentrionalis ZB01
         |       `--C. vestita DP72
         `--+--M. graminicola SS09
            `--M. punctiformis SS09

Sphaerulina pterocarpi (Racib.) Arx & Müller 1975 [=Micronectria pterocarpi Racib. in Koorders 1907, *Micronectriella pterocarpi (Racib.) von Höhnel 1918] RS99

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A96] Alstrup, V. 1996. Nectria tatrensis sp. nov. and other lichenicolous fungi found on the bryo-lichenological excursion in Slovakia 1993. Biologia 51: 13–14.

[BH98] Bhutta, A. R., & S. A. Hussain. 1998. Seed-bourne fungi associated with rice seed lots in Pakistan. International Rice Research Notes 28: 26–27.

[BL00] Bilski, P., M. Y. Li, M. Ehrenshaft, M. E. Daub & C. F. Chignell. 2000. Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) and its derivatives are efficient singlet oxygen quenchers and potential fungal antioxidants. Photochemistry and Photobiology 71 (2): 129–134.

[D03] David, J. C. 2003. Orthographic conundrums: The problem of –opsis and –botrys. Taxon 52: 603–608.

[DP72] Deighton, F. C., & K. A. Pirozynski. 1972. Microfungi. V. More hyperparasitic hyphomycetes. Mycological Papers 128: 1–110.

[E99] Eriksson, O. E. (ed.) 1999. Notes on ascomycete systematics. Nos 2440–2755. Myconet 2: 1–41.

[EB03] Eriksson, O. E., H. O. Barah, R. S. Currah, K. Hansen, C. P. Kurtzman, G. Rambold & T. Laessøe (eds.) 2003. Outline of Ascomycota—2003. Myconet 9: 1–89.

[LH04] Liu, Y. J., & B. D. Hall. 2004. Body plan evolution of ascomycetes, as inferred from an RNA polymerase II phylogeny. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 101: 4507–4512.

[MC03] Mostert, L., P. W. Crous, J. Z. Groenewald, W. Gams & R. C. Summerbell. 2003. Togninia (Calosphaeriales) is confirmed as teleomorph of Phaeoacremonium by means of morphology, sexual compatibility and DNA phylogeny. Mycologia 95 (4): 646–659.

[P99] Pinto, N. F. J. de A. 1999. Avaliação de fungicidas no controle de Sphacelia sorghi (Claviceps africana) agente etiológico da “ergot” ou doença açucarada do sorgo. Summa Phytopathologica 25: 4–8.

[RS99] Rossman, A. Y., G. J. Samuels, C. T. Rogerson & R. Lowen. 1999. Genera of Bionectriaceae, Hypocreaceae and Nectriaceae (Hypocreales, Ascomycetes). Studies in Mycology 42: 1–248.

[SS09] Schoch, C. L., G.-H. Sung, F. López-Giráldez, J. P. Townsend, J. Miadlikowska, V. Hofstetter, B. Robbertse, P. B. Matheny, F. Kauff, Z. Wang, C. Gueidan, R. M. Andrie, K. Trippe, L. M. Ciufetti, A. Wynns, E. Fraker, B. P. Hodkinson, G. Bonito, J. Z. Groenewald, M. Arzanlou, G. S. de Hoog, P. W. Crous, D. Hewitt, D. H. Pfister, K. Peterson, M. Gryzenhout, M. J. Wingfield, A. Aptroot, S.-O. Suh, M. Blackwell, D. M. Hillis, G. W. Griffith, L. A. Castlebury, A. Y. Rossman, H. T. Lumbsch, R. Lücking, B. Büdel, A. Rauhut, P. Diederich, D. Ertz, D. M. Geiser, K. Hosaka, P. Inderbitzin, J. Kohlmeyer, B. Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, L. Mostert, K. O'Donnell, H. Sipman, J. D. Rogers, R. A. Shoemaker, J. Sugiyama, R. C. Summerbell, W. Untereiner, P. R. Johnston, S. Stenroos, A. Zuccaro, P. S. Dyer, P. D. Crittenden, M. S. Cole, K. Hansen, J. M. Trappe, R. Yahr, F. Lutzoni & J. W. Spatafora. 2009. The Ascomycota tree of life: a phylum-wide phylogeny clarifies the origin and evolution of fundamental reproductive and ecological traits. Systematic Biology 58 (2): 224–239.

[SL02] Schweigkofler, W., K. Lopandic, O. Molnár & H. Prillinger. 2002. Analysis of phylogenetic relationships among Ascomycota with yeast phases using ribosomal DNA sequences and cell wall sugars. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 2: 1–17.

[SH05] Selbmann, L., G. S. de Hoog, A. Mazzaglia, E. I. Friedman & S. Onofri. 2005. Fungi at the edge of life: cryptoendolithic black fungi from Antarctic desert. Studies in Mycology 51: 1–32.

[VC07] Villanueva, R. T., & C. C. Childers. 2007. Insect predators of eriophyids on Florida citrus including a new predacious Lepidoptera and two cecidomyiids. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 391–395. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[ZB01] Zhang, N., & M. Blackwell. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of dogwood anthracnose fungus (Discula destructiva) and the Diaporthales. Mycologia 93 (2): 355–365.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="">FoS</a> = FoS