Deutonymph of Myianoetus, copyright Olivier9099.

Belongs within: Astigmatina.
Contains: Histiostoma.

The Histiostomatidae are a group of astigmatan mites found on wet substrates, most commonly feeding by filtering organic particles and microorganisms from the water film. Most species are associated with isolated or ephemeral habitats and some may have the shortest development times of any astigmatan mites, going through their entire life cycle in as little as six days (OConnor 2009).

Characters (from OConnor 2009): Adult with body not dorsoventrally flattened; chelicerae laterally compressed, often attenuate, usually with numerous finely divided teeth, nonchelate; palpi with terminal solenidion and usually at least one elongate eupathidial seta, normal setae strongly reduced, usually reflexed outward; genital papillae ring-like, usually not directly associated with the genital opening; female genital valves fused to body posteriorly, open anteriorly forming a transverse oviporus. Deutonymph with Legs III–IV with femur-genu-tibia-tarsus partially or completely fused; legs III–IV flexed at trochanter-femur articulation and directed anteriorly in repose; rostral and lamellar pairs of setae absent; setae 4b absent.

<==Histiostomatidae [Anoeteae, Anoetidae, Anoetoidea, Histiostomina] W07
    |--Bonomoia W07
    `--+--+--Pelzneria W07
       |  `--Myianoetus Oudemans 1929 W07, H98 [incl. Anoetostoma Womersley 1941 H98]
       |       |--M. dyucei Fain & Domrow 1980 H98
       |       |--M. muscarum A-B91
       |       |--M. oudemansi (Womersley 1941) [=Anoestostoma oudemansi, Anoetostoma oudemansi] H98
       |       `--M. travei Fain 1976 F76
       `--+--Glyphanoetus W07
          |--+--Aphodanoetus W07
          |  `--+--Rhopalanoetus W07
          |     `--Spinanoetus W07
          `--Histiostoma W07

Histiostomatidae incertae sedis:
  Hexanoetus O09
  Ameranoetus P90
  Anoetus O09
    |--A. fimetarius (Canestrini & Berlese 1881) [=Histiostoma fimetarium, Hypopus fimetarius] V25
    |--A. gladiger V25
    |--A. lorentzi Oudemans 1905 V25
    |--A. muscarum V25
    `--A. toxopei Oudemans 1927 O28
  Copronomoia O09
  Tensiostoma veliaphilum O09
  Fibulanoetus O09
  Peripatetes O09
  Scolianoetus O09
  Kanoetus O09
  Curculanoetus O09
  Chiloanoetus O09
  Prowichmannia O09
  Nepenthanoetus O09
  Loxanoetus Fain 1970 H98
    `--L. lenae Domrow & Ladds 1984 H98
  Otanoetus O09
  Amyzanoetus Fain 1976 F76
    `--*A. halophilus Fain 1976 F76
  Comyianoetus O09
  Xenanoetus kofrankova O09
  Chiropteranoetus Womersley 1942 H98
    `--C. chalinolobus Womersley 1942 H98
  Austranoetus Fain 1976 F76
    `--*A. kerguelenensis Fain 1976 F76

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A-B91] Athias-Binche, F. 1991. Ecology and evolution of phoresy in mites. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 27–41. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[F76] Fain, A. 1976. Acariens récoltés par le Dr. J. Travé aux iles subantarctiques II. Familles Acaridae, Anoetidae, Ereynetidae et Tarsonemidae (astigmates et prostigmates). Acarologia 18 (2): 302–328.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 565–657. Texas Tech University Press.

[O28] Oudemans, A. C. 1928. Fauna Buruana. Acari. Treubia 7 (Suppl. 2): 37–100.

[P90] Philips, J. R. 1990. Acarina: Astigmata (Acaridida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 757–778. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[V25] Vitzthum, H. 1925. Fauna sumatrensis. (Beitrag no. 5). Acarinae. Supplementa Entomologica 11: 1–79.

[W07] Wirth, S. 2007. Phylogeny and character transformations of the Histiostomatidae. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 607–615. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

Last updated: 10 May 2019.

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