Rhizoglyphinae

Female Sancassania berlesei, copyright Tom Cameron.


Belongs within: Acaridae.
Contains: Rhizoglyphini.

The Rhizoglyphinae are an ecologically diverse group of astigmatan mites, commonly associated with moist temporary habitats. With the exceptions of the basal genera Acotyledon and Viedebanttia, many rhizoglyphines exhibit male polymorphism with major males developing modifications for fighting. The genus Sancassania includes species found in fungal fruiting bodies, root crops and human habitats; other species live in association with insects such as scarab beetles or ground-nesting bees (OConnor 2001).

Characters (from Baker & Wharton 1952): Inner propodosomal setae shorter than outer; legs stout, the setae in many cases being modified as stout spines; microsense and macrosense setae arising from same base.

<==Rhizoglyphinae [Caloglyphidae]
    |  i. s.: Ewingiidae O01
    |           |--Ewingia O01
    |           |--Askinasia O01
    |           |--Hoogstraalacarus O01
    |           `--Kanekobia potamona O09
    |--Acotyledon [Acotyledonini] O01
    |    `--A. paradoxa O01
    |--Viedebanttia O01
    |    `--V. schmitzi O01
    `--+--Cosmoglyphus O01
       `--+--Rhizoglyphini O01
          `--+--Ctenocolletacarus O01
             `--Sancassania [incl. Caloglyphus; Caloglyphini] O01
                  |--‘Caloglyphus’ anomalus D01
                  |--S. berlesei [=Caloglyphus berlesei] F01
                  |--S. boharti O01
                  |--‘Caloglyphus’ michaeli MH04
                  |--‘Caloglyphus’ moniezi K91
                  |--S. mycophaga ED01 [=Caloglyphus mycophagus DAA91]
                  |--‘Caloglyphus’ oudemansi SH01
                  |--‘Caloglyphus’ polyphyllae K91
                  |--‘Caloglyphus’ rhizoglyphoides C91
                  |--‘Caloglyphus’ rodionovi WP99
                  `--‘Caloglyphus’ rodriguezi K91

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

Baker, E. W., & G. W. Wharton. 1952. An Introduction to Acarology. The MacMillan Company: New York.

[C91] Chmielewski, W. 1991. Stored products mites (Acaroidea) in Polish bee hives. In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 615-619. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[D01] Desch, C. E. 2001. Anatomy and ultrastructure of the female reproductive system of Sarcoptes scabiei (Acari: Sarcoptidae). In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 203-212. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[DAA91] Desch, C. E., J. R. H. Andrews & L. G. Arlian. 1991. The digestive system of Sarcoptes scabiei (L.): light and electron microscope study. In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 271-279. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[ED01] Ehrnsberger, R., & J. Dabert. 2001. Population dynamics of acarid mites in two different types of poultry raising systems in Germany. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 576-582. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[F01] Fashing, N. J. 2001. Morphological adaptations associated with mate-guarding behaviour in the genus Hericia (Acari: Algophagidae). In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 176-179. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[K91] Kuwahara, Y. 1991. Pheromone studies on astigmatid mites—alarm, aggregation and sex. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 43-52. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[MH04] Maraun, M., M. Heethoff, K. Schneider, S. Scheu, G. Weigmann, J. Cianciolo, R. H. Thomas & R. A. Norton. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of oribatid mites (Oribatida, Acari): evidence for multiple radiations of parthenogenetic lineages. Experimental and Applied Acarology 33 (3): 183-201.

[O01] OConnor, B. M. 2001. Historical ecology of the Acaridae (Acari): Phylogenetic evidence for host and habitat shifts. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 76-82. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 565-657. Texas Tech University Press.

[SH01] Sumangala, K., & M. A. Haq. 2001. Survey of the mite fauna associated with Apis spp. in Kerala, southern India. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 565-568. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[WP99] Walter, D. E. & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

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