Delta smelt Hypomesus transpacificus, from here.

Belongs within: Osteoglossocephalai.
Contains: Stomiidae, Gonostomatidae, Sternoptychidae.

The Stomiatii are a clade of fishes united by molecular data, uniting the deep-sea Stomiiformes with the freshwater or diadromous Osmeriformes.

Stomiatii B-RB13
    |--Stomiiformes [Phosichthyoidei, Photichthya, Photichthyoidei, Stomiatiformes, Stomiatoidei] B-RB13
    |    |  i. s.: Azemiolestes praevius P05
    |    |--+--Stomiidae ND13
    |    |  `--Gonostomatoidei [Gonostomata] CH02a
    |    |       |--Gonostomatidae ND13
    |    |       `--Sternoptychidae ND13
    |    `--Phosicthyidae [Photichthyidae] CH02b
    |         |--Yarrella blackfordi CH02b
    |         |--Pollichthys mauli (Poll 1853) H99
    |         |--Phosichthys argenteus Hutton 1873 H99
    |         |--Idrissia jubae Arambourg 1954 P93
    |         |--Paravinciguerria praecursor Arambourg 1954 P93
    |         |--Woodsia H99
    |         |    |--W. meyerwaardeni H98
    |         |    `--W. nonsuchae H99
    |         |--Ichthyococcus CH02b
    |         |    |--I. elongatus Imai 1941 H99
    |         |    |--I. intermedius Mukhacheva 1980 H99
    |         |    `--I. ovatus (Cocco 1838) H99
    |         |--Polymetme ND13
    |         |    |--P. corythaeola (Alcock 1898) H99
    |         |    |--P. dartagnan Nolf 1988 P93
    |         |    |--P. elongata (Matsubara 1938) H99
    |         |    |--P. surugaensis (Matsubara 1943) H99
    |         |    `--P. thaeocoryla Parin & Borodulina 1990 CH02b
    |         `--Vinciguerria CH02b
    |              |--V. attenuata (Cocco 1838) H99
    |              |--V. distincta Danil’chenko 1962 P93
    |              |--V. lucetia (Garman 1899) H99
    |              |--V. merklini Z02
    |              |--V. nimbaria (Jordan & Williams 1896) H99
    |              `--V. poweriae (Cocco 1838) H99
    `--Osmeriformes [Osmeroidea, Osmeroidei] B-RB13
         |--Retropinnidae NE12
         |    |--Prototroctes [Prototroctinae] B96
         |    |    |--P. maraena B96
         |    |    `--P. oxyrhynchus WH02
         |    `--Retropinninae B96
         |         |--Stokellia anisodon B96, NE12
         |         `--Retropinna NE12
         |              |--R. retropinna H97
         |              |--R. semoni NE12
         |              `--R. tasmanica AS09
         `--+--+--Plecoglossus [Plecoglossidae] NE12
            |  |    `--P. altivelis NE12
            |  |         |--P. a. altivelis I92
            |  |         `--P. a. ryukyuensis Nishida 1988 I92
            |  `--Salangidae B-RB13
            |       |--Salangichthys microdon B96
            |       |--Salanx NE12
            |       |    |--S. ariakensis Kishinouye 1902 I92
            |       |    `--S. cuvieri NE12
            |       `--Neosalanx I92
            |            |--N. jordani NE12
            |            `--N. reganius Wakiya & Takahasi 1937 I92
            `--Osmeridae K-M02
                 |  i. s.: Spirinchus H98
                 |           |--S. dilatus H98
                 |           `--S. lanceolatus T90
                 |         Enoplophthalmus G88
                 |         Speirsaenigma lindoei Wilson & Williams 1991 P93
                 |         Osmeridarum tricrenulatus (Stinton 1965) P93
                 |--Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) NE12, K-M02 [incl. M. villosus catervarius K-M02]
                 `--+--Hypomesus NE12
                    |    |--H. olidus AS09
                    |    |--H. pretiosus NE12
                    |    |    |--H. p. pretiosus T90
                    |    |    `--H. p. japonicus T90
                    |    `--H. transpacificus T90
                    |         |--H. t. transpacificus T90
                    |         `--H. t. nipponensis T90
                    `--+--Thaleichthys pacificus NE12
                       `--Osmerus NE12
                            |--O. eperlanus K-M02
                            |--O. mordax (Mitchill 1814) [incl. O. mordax dentex] K-M02
                            |--O. relictus S92
                            `--O. spirinchus S92

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AS09] Alfaro, M. E., F. Santini, C. Brock, H. Alamillo, A. Dornburg, D. L. Rabosky, G. Carnevale & L. J. Harmon. 2009. Nine exceptional radiations plus high turnover explain species diversity in jawed vertebrates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (32): 13410–13414.

[B-RB13] Betancur-R., R., R. E. Broughton, E. O. Wiley, K. Carpenter, A. López, C. Li, N. I. Holcroft, D. Arcila, M. Sanciangco, J. C. Cureton, II, F. Zhang, T. Buser, M. A. Campbell, J. A. Ballesteros, A. Roa-Varon, S. Willis, W. C. Borden, T. Rowley, P. C. Reneau, D. J. Hough, G. Lu, T. Grande, G. Arratia & G. Ortí. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLoS Currents Tree of Life April 18 2013. doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288.

[B96] Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of Fishes 2nd ed. Saunders College Publishing: Fort Worth.

[CH02a] Craddock, J. E., & K. E. Hartel. 2002a. Bristlemouths. Family Gonostomatidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 181–184. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[CH02b] Craddock, J. E., & K. E. Hartel. 2002b. Lightfishes. Family Phosichthyidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 190–191. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[G88] Gray, J. 1988. Evolution of the freshwater ecosystem: the fossil record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 62: 1–214.

[H98] Harold, A. S. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships of the Gonostomatidae (Teleostei: Stomiiformes). Bulletin of Marine Science 62: 715–741.

[H99] Harold, A. S. 1999. Order Stomiiformes. In: Carpenter, K., & V. H. Niem (eds) Western Central Pacific Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes pp. 1897–1917. FAO Species Identification and Data Programme.

[H97] Hicks, B. J. 1997. Food webs in forest and pasture streams in the Waikato region, New Zealand: a study based on analyses of stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen, and fish gut contents. New Zealand Journal of Freshwater and Marine Research 31: 651–664.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[K-M02] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002. Smelts. Family Osmeridae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 162–170. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[ND13] Near, T. J., A. Dornburg, R. I. Eytan, B. P. Keck, W. L. Smith, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, S. A. Price, F. T. Burbrink, M. Friedman & P. C. Wainwright. 2013. Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-rayed fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110 (31): 12738–12743.

[NE12] Near, T. J., R. I. Eytan, A. Dornburg, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, M. P. Davis, P. C. Wainwright, M. Friedman & W. L. Smith. 2012. Resolution of ray-finned fish phylogeny and timing of diversification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 109 (34): 13698–13703.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[P05] Prokofiev, A. M. 2005. Redescription and relationships of Beckerophotus gracilis (Daniltshenko, 1962) (Teleostei: Myctophiformes: Neoscopelidae) from the Middle Eocene of Georgia. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 2005 (6): 65–72 (transl. Paleontological Journal 39 (6): 639–645).

[S92] Smith, G. R. 1992. Introgression in fishes: significance for paleontology, cladistics, and evolutionary rates. Systematic Biology 41 (1): 41–57.

[T90] Taguchi, S. 1990. Nihon no Sakana. Kogakukan: Tokyo.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

[Z02] Zherikhin, V. V. 2002. Pattern of insect burial and conservation. In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 17–63. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="">FoS</a> = FoS