Swampfish Chologaster cornuta, from

Belongs within: Acanthomorphata.
Contains: Zeiformes, Gadiformes.

The Paracanthomorphacea are a clade of spiny-finned fishes united on the basis of molecular data.

Paracanthomorphacea B-RB13
    |--Zeiogadaria [Zeioigadiformes] B-RB13
    |    |--Zeiformes B-RB13
    |    `--Gadariae B-RB13
    |         |--Gadiformes B-RB13
    |         `--Stylephorus [Stylephoridae, Stylephoriformes, Stylephoroidei] NE12
    |              `--S. chordatus Shaw 1791 O99
    `--Percopsiformes [Percopsaria, Salmopercae] B-RB13
         |--Sphenocephalus P93 [Sphenocephalidae, Sphenocephaloidei B96]
         |    `--S. fissicaudus Agassiz 1839 P93
         |--Percopsidae [Erismatopteridae, Percopsoidei] NE12
         |    |--Massamorichthys wilsoni NE12
         |    |--Amphiplaga brachyptera Cope 1877 P93
         |    |--Erismatopterus NE12
         |    |--Lateopisciculus NE12
         |    `--Percopsis NE12
         |         |--P. omiscomaycus NE12
         |         `--P. transmontana B96
         `--Aphredoderoidei B96
              |--Aphredoderidae NE12
              |    |--Aphredoderus sayanus (Gilliams 1824) LD09 [=Scolopsis sayanus BS93]
              |    |    |--A. s. sayanus BS93
              |    |    `--A. s. gibbosus LeSueur 1833 BS93
              |    `--Trichophanes NE12
              |         |--T. foliarum NE12
              |         `--T. hians Cope 1872 P93
              `--Amblyopsidae [Amblyopsoidei] B96
                   |--Typhlichthys Girard 1859 TP86
                   |    `--T. subterraneus Girard 1859 TP86
                   |--Speoplatyrhinus Cooper & Kuehne 1974 TP86
                   |    `--S. poulsoni Cooper & Kuehne 1974 TP86
                   |--Amblyopsis de Kay 1842 TP86
                   |    |--A. rosae (Eigenmann 1898) TP86
                   |    `--A. spelaea de Kay 1842 TP86
                   `--Chologaster TP86
                        |--C. agassizi TP86
                        `--C. cornuta NE12

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B-RB13] Betancur-R., R., R. E. Broughton, E. O. Wiley, K. Carpenter, A. López, C. Li, N. I. Holcroft, D. Arcila, M. Sanciangco, J. C. Cureton, II, F. Zhang, T. Buser, M. A. Campbell, J. A. Ballesteros, A. Roa-Varon, S. Willis, W. C. Borden, T. Rowley, P. C. Reneau, D. J. Hough, G. Lu, T. Grande, G. Arratia & G. Ortí. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLoS Currents Tree of Life April 18 2013. doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288.

[BS93] Boltz, J. M., & J. R. Stauffer Jr. 1993. Systematics of Aphredoderus sayanus (Teleostei: Aphredoderidae). Copeia 1993: 81–98.

[B96] Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of Fishes 2nd ed. Saunders College Publishing: Fort Worth.

[LD09] Li, B., A. Dettaï, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, M. Desoutter-Meniger & G. Lecointre. 2009. RNF213, a new nuclear marker for acanthomorph phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50: 345–363.

[NE12] Near, T. J., R. I. Eytan, A. Dornburg, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, M. P. Davis, P. C. Wainwright, M. Friedman & W. L. Smith. 2012. Resolution of ray-finned fish phylogeny and timing of diversification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 109 (34): 13698–13703.

[O99] Olney, J. E. 1999. Stylephoridae. Tube-eyes. In: Carpenter, K. E., & V. H. Niem (eds) The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae) pp. 1969. FAO: Rome.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[TP86] Thinès, G., & G. Proudlove. 1986. Pisces. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 709–733. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

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