Truncatelloidea

Caecum breve, copyright David Kirsh.


Belongs within: Littorinina.
Contains: Lithoglyphinae, Paleorissoininae, Bythinella, Pomatiopsinae, Anabathron (Scrobs), Potamopyrgus, Vitrinella, Bithynia, Amnicolinae, Baicaliinae, Truncatella, Semisalsinae, Garrettiinae, Assimineinae, Ctiloceratinae, Caecum (Caecum), Caecum (Brochina), Caecum (Fartulum), Iravadia, Macromphalina, Torninae, Teinostoma, Pyrgulinae, Belgrandiella, Horatia, Belgrandiinae, Hydrobiinae.

The Truncatelloidea are a diverse clade of mostly small gastropods united primarily by molecular phylogenetic analysis. Members include the Hydrobiidae which are highly diverse in fresh- and brackish-water environments including many subterranean species. The brackish-water and marine Iravadiidae resemble Hydrobiidae but possess a weak to strong anterior channel on the aperture (vs no such channel in most Hydrobiidae; Ponder 1984). The marine Caecidae have a coiled protoconch leading to an uncoiled teleoconch; in the genus Caecum, the protoconch is shed during growth so the adult shell is a simple tube. The Tornidae possess a low-spired shell, usually with a widely open umbilicus. The Vitrinellidae resemble Tornidae in overall shell form and have been synonymised with tornids by some authors but differ in the presence of a conspicuous, elongate osphradium that is not found Tornidae (Bieler & Mikkelsen 1988).

Truncatelloidea BR17
    |--Calopia Ponder 1999 BR05 [Calopiidae BR17]
    |    `--*C. imitata Ponder 1999 BR17
    |--Clenchiella Abbott 1948 BR05 [Clenchiellidae BR17, Clenchiellinae, Clenchiellini]
    |    `--*C. victoriae Abbott 1948 BR17
    |--Falsicingula Habe 1958 BR05 [Falsicingulidae BR17]
    |    `--*F. kurilensis (Pilsbry 1905) [=Cingula kurilensis] BR17
    |--Helicostoa Lamy 1926 BR05 [Helicostoidae BR17]
    |    `--*H. sinensis Lamy 1926 BR17
    |--Mesocochliopa Yen & Reeside 1946 BR05 [Mesocochliopidae BR17]
    |    `--*M. assiminoides Yen & Reeside 1946 BR17
    |--Hydrococcus Thiele 1928 BR05 [Hydrococcidae BR17, Hydrococcinae]
    |    |--*H. graniformis Thiele 1928 [=Paludina granum Menke 1843 non Say 1822] BR17
    |    `--H. brazieri (Woods 1876) BM88 [=Assiminea brazieri P95]
    |--Lithoglyphidae BR17
    |    |--Lithoglyphinae BR05
    |    `--Benedictiinae [Benedictieae, Benedictiidae, Benedictiini] BR05
    |         |--Benedictia Dybowski 1875 BR05
    |         |    |--*B. (Benedictia) fragilis Dybowski 1875 BR17
    |         |    |--B. andreae [=Paludina andreae] B50
    |         |    |--B. (Baicalocochlea) baicalensis B50
    |         |    `--B. (Dalainoria) limaeoides B50
    |         `--Kobeltocochlea B50
    |              |--K. martensiana B50
    |              `--K. michnoi B50
    |--Palaeorissoinidae BR17
    |    |--Palaeorissoininae GK02
    |    `--Greveniella Harzhauser & Kowalke 2001 [Greveniellinae] GK02
    |         `--*G. mesohellenica Harzhauser & Kowalke 2001 GK02
    |--Elachisinidae BR17
    |    |--Dissochilus lineatus (Briart & Cornet 1887) TTE93
    |    `--Elachisina Dall 1918 BR05
    |         `--*E. grippi Dall 1918 O27
    |--Nematura Benson 1837 [=Stenothyra Benson 1856; Stenothyridae, Stenothyrinae] BR17
    |    |--*N. deltae Benson 1837 [=*Stenothyra deltae] BR17
    |    |--‘Stenothyra’ australis Hedley 1901 H09
    |    `--‘Stenothyra’ pupiformis (Briart & Cornet 1887) TTE93
    |--Bythinellidae BR17
    |    |--Bythinella BR17
    |    `--Terrestribythinella Sitnikova, Starobogatov & Anistratenko 1992 BR17, BR05 [Terrestribythinellidae]
    |         `--*T. baidashnikovi Sitnikova, Starobogatov & Anistratenko 1992 BR17
    |--Pomatiopsidae [Triculidae, Triculinae] BR17
    |    |  i. s.: Prosothenia TTE93
    |    |--Pomatiopsinae BR05
    |    `--Jullienia Crosse & Fischer 1876 BR05 [Jullieniidae, Jullieniinae BR17, Jullieniini]
    |         `--*J. flava (Deshayes 1876) [=Melania flava] BR17
    |--Tomichiidae BR17
    |    |--Tomichia Benson 1851 [Tomichiinae] BR05
    |    |    `--*T. ventricosa (Sowerby 1842) BR17 (see below for synonymy)
    |    `--Coxiella Smith 1894 BR17, BR05 [Coxiellidae]
    |         |--*C. striatula (Menke 1843) [=Truncatella striatula] BR17
    |         `--C. minima Macpherson 1954 M54
    |--Epigrus Hedley 1903 P27 [Epigridae BR17]
    |    |--*E. ischnus (Tate 1899) [=Rissoa ischna] BR17
    |    |--E. dissimilis (Watson 1883) [=Eulima dissimilis] H09
    |    |--E. fossilis P27
    |    |--E. striatus Powell 1927 P27
    |    |--E. verconis (Tate 1899) [=Rissoa verconis] H09
    |    `--E. xanthias (Watson 1886) [=Mucronalia xanthias] H09
    |--Anabathron Frauenfeld 1867 BR05 [Anabathridae BR17, Anabathrinae, Anabathroninae]
    |    |  i. s.: A. ascensum Hedley 1907 H09
    |    |         A. contortum Hedley 1907 H09
    |    |         A. excelsus HS01
    |    |         A. foliatum (Suter 1908) P61
    |    |         A. hedleyi HS01
    |    |         A. rugulosus HS01
    |    |--*A. (Anabathron) contabulata Frauenfeld 1867 BR17
    |    `--A. (Scrobs) TTE93
    |--Moitessieria Bourguignat 1863 BR05 [Moitessieridae, Moitessieriidae BR17, Moitessieriinae, Moitessierioidea]
    |    |--*M. simoniana (Saint-Simon 1848) [=Paludina simoniana] BR17
    |    |    |--M. s. simoniana BV86
    |    |    `--M. s. lescherae Boeters 1981 BV86
    |    |--M. juvenisanguis Boeters & Gittenberger 1980 BV86
    |    |--M. lineolata Coutagne 1881 BV86
    |    |--M. locardi Coutagne 1883 BV86
    |    |--M. olleri BV86
    |    |--M. rhodani Coutagne 1883 BV86
    |    `--M. rollandiana Bourguignat 1863 BV86
    |--Tateidae [Tateinae, Tateoidea] BR17
    |    |--Potamopyrgus BR05
    |    |--Tatea Tenison-Woods 1879 BR05
    |    |    |--*T. huonensis (Tenison-Woods 1876) BR17 [=Bythinia huonensis BR17, Bythinella huonensis L79]
    |    |    `--T. rufilabris H15
    |    |--Hemistomia Crose 1872 [Hemistomiidae, Hemistomiinae] BR05
    |    |    |--*H. caledonica Crosse 1872 BR17
    |    |    `--H. minutissima Ponder 1982 BV86
    |    `--Pyrgophorus Ancey 1888 PB27
    |         |--*P. spinosus [=Pyrgulopsis spinosa] PB27
    |         `--P. reevei (Frauenfeld 1863) BV86
    |--Vitrinellidae BR17
    |    |--Vitrinella BR05
    |    |--Cenomanella Cossmann 1918 TTTE93, KC60
    |    |    `--*C. archiaciana (Orbigny 1847) KC60, TTE93 [=Rotella archiaciana KC60]
    |    |--Circulus Jeffreys 1865 BR17, BR05 [Circulidae, Circulinae]
    |    |    |--C. striatus (Philippi 1836) (see below for synonymy) BM88
    |    |    |--C. cosmius Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |    |--C. inornatus Marshall 1919 F27a
    |    |    |--C. liratus J65
    |    |    |--C. philippii (Cantraine 1842) [=Solarium philippii] KC60
    |    |    |--C. rossellinus Dall 1919 O27
    |    |    `--C. texanus (Moore 1965) [=Vitrinella texana, Vitridomus texana] BM88
    |    `--Solariorbis M65
    |         |--S. blakei M65
    |         `--S. semipunctus Moore 1965 M65
    |--Bithyniidae [Bithiniadae, Bithynioidea, Bulimidae, Buliminae, Bythiniae] BR17
    |    |--Tylopoma G88
    |    |--Bithynia BR05
    |    |--Fossarulus Neumayr 1869 [Fossarulinae] BR05
    |    |    `--*F. stachei Neumayr 1869 BR17
    |    |--Parafossarulus Annandale 1924 [Parafossarulinae] BR05
    |    |    `--*P. striatulus (Benson 1842) [=Paludina striatula] BR17
    |    |--Alocinma Annandale & Prashad 1919 PB27
    |    |    `--*A. sistanica [=Amnicola sistanica] PB27
    |    `--Mysorella Godwin-Austen 1919 BR05 [=Mysoria Godwin-Austen 1919 non Watson 1893 BR17; Mysorellinae]
    |         |--*M. curta (Nevill 1884) BR17 (see below for synonymy)
    |         `--M. multisulcata (Bourguignat 1888) [=Bythinia multisulcata] PB27
    |--Amnicolidae [Amnicolae, Amnicoleae] BR17
    |    |  i. s.: Blanfordia Adams 1863 PB27, BC01
    |    |           |--B. formosana PB27
    |    |           |--B. nosophora (Robson 1915) [=Katayama nosophora] PB27
    |    |           `--B. viridescens (Pease 1861) [=Cyclostoma viridescens] BC01
    |    |         Peringia PB27
    |    |--Amnicolinae BR05
    |    `--Baicaliinae BR05
    |--Emmericiidae BR17
    |    |--Emmericiinae [Emmericieae] BR05
    |    |    |--Pyrgidium Tournouër 1869 non Nylander 1867 (ICBN) [Pyrgidiidae] BR05
    |    |    |    `--*P. nodotianum (Tournouër 1866) [=Pyrgula nodotiana] BR17
    |    |    `--Emmericia Brusina 1870 BR05
    |    |         `--E. ventricosa Brusina 1870 BV86
    |    `--Fontigens Pilsbry 1933 [=Stimpsonia Clessin 1878 non Bate & Westwood 1863; Fontigentinae] BR17
    |         |--*F. nickliniana (Lea 1838) [=Paludina nickliniana, *Stimpsonia nickliniana] BR17
    |         |--F. aldrichi (Call & Beecher 1886) BV86
    |         |--F. cryptica Hubricht 1962 BV86
    |         |--F. holsingeri Hubricht 1976 BV86
    |         |--F. orolibas Hubricht 1957 BV86
    |         |--F. tartarea Hubricht 1962 BV86
    |         `--F. turritella Hubricht 1976 BV86
    |--Truncatellidae BR17
    |    |--Truncatella BR05
    |    |--Blandiella Guppy 1871 BC01
    |    |    `--B. reclusa Guppy 1871 BC01
    |    |--Taheitia Adams & Adams 1863 BC01
    |    |    `--T. whitneyi Clench 1958 BC01
    |    `--Geomelania Pfeiffer 1845 [Geomelaniidae, Geomelaniinae] BR05
    |         |  i. s.: G. affinis Adams 1850 BC01
    |         |         G. minor Adams 1849 BC01
    |         |--G. (Geomelania) BC01
    |         |    |--*G. (G.) jamaicensis Pfeiffer 1845 BR17 (see below for synonymy)
    |         |    `--G. (G.) typica Adams 1850 [incl. G. vicina Adams 1850] BC01
    |         `--G. (Merrilliana Clench & Turner 1948) BC01
    |              |--G. (*M.) elegans Adams 1849 BC01
    |              |--G. (M.) lirata (Poey 1858) [=Truncatella lirata] BC01
    |              `--G. (M.) pygmaea (Adams 1845) [=Cylindrella pygmaea] BC01
    |--Cochliopidae BR17
    |    |--Semisalsinae BR05
    |    |--Littoridininae [Littoridineae, Littoridinidae, Littoridinini, Littoridinoidea] BR05
    |    |    |--Littoridina Souleyet 1852 BR05
    |    |    |    `--*L. gaudichaudii Souleyet 1852 BR17
    |    |    `--Cochliopina Morrison 1946 T84
    |    |         `--C. compacta (Pilsbry 1910) BV86
    |    `--Cochliopinae [Mexithaumatidae, Mexithaumatinae] BR05
    |         |--Potamolithoides GS75
    |         |--Lithococcus GS75
    |         |--Cochliopa Stimpson 1865 [Cochliopini] BR05
    |         |    `--*C. rowellii (Tryon 1863) [=Amnicola rowellii] BR17
    |         |--Mexithauma Taylor 1966 BR05
    |         |    `--*M. quadripaludium Taylor 1966 BR17
    |         `--Paludiscala Taylor 1966 [Paludiscalinae] BR05
    |              `--*P. caramba Taylor 1966 BR17
    |--Assimineidae [Assemaniidae, Assimineidae, Assimineoidea, Assiminiidae, Schistopelmata] BR17
    |    |  i. s.: Nesopoma BC01
    |    |           |--N. eyerdami Clench 1958 BC01
    |    |           `--N. galathea Clench 1958 BC01
    |    |         Setaepoma mayri Clench 1958 BC01
    |    |         Cryptassiminea PC08
    |    |         Ditropisena whitei (Brazier 1874) SS10
    |    |         Limborelia Iredale 1944 SS10
    |    |           |--*L. exquisita (Pfeiffer 1855) (see below for synonymy) SS10
    |    |           `--L. innesi Iredale 1944 [incl. L. innesi adjuncta Iredale 1944] SS10
    |    |         Opinorelia Iredale 1944 SS10
    |    |           `--*O. howeinsulae Iredale 1944 SS10
    |    |         Duritropis Iredale 1944 SS10
    |    |           `--D. albocarinata (Mousson 1873) (see below for synonymy) SS10
    |    |         Telmosena Iredale 1944 SS10
    |    |           `--*T. suteri (Sykes 1900) [=Omphalotropis suteri] SS10
    |    |         ‘Cyclostoma’ brazieri Cox 1870 G78
    |    |         Suterilla Thiele 1927 P61
    |    |           `--*S. neozelanica (Murdoch 1899) [=Cirsonella neozelanica] P61
    |    |         Turbacmella europaea Hrubesch 1965 TTE93
    |    |--Garrettiinae BR17
    |    |--Assimineinae BR05
    |    `--Ekadantinae BR05
    |         |--Ekadanta Rao 1928 BR05
    |         |    `--*E. shanensis Rao 1928 BR17
    |         |--Paludinella Pfeiffer 1841 [Paludinellidae] BR05
    |         |    `--*P. globularis (Hanley in Thorpe 1844) [=Cingula globularis] BR17
    |         `--Cyclotropis Tapparone-Canefri 1883 [Cyclotropidae] BR05
    |              `--*C. papuensis Tapparone Canefri 1883 BR17
    |--Caecidae [Caecoidea] BR17
    |    |--Ctiloceratinae BR05
    |    |--Strebloceras Carpenter 1859 [Strebloceratinae, Streblocerinae] BR05
    |    |    `--*S. cornuoides Carpenter 1859 BR17
    |    `--Caecum Fleming 1813 BR05 [incl. Odontidium Philippi 1836 APS-P86; Caecinae]
    |         |  i. s.: C. angustum de Folin 1886 H09
    |         |         C. californicum Dall 1885 [=C. cooperi Carpenter 1864 non Smith 1862] O27
    |         |         C. clathratum C64
    |         |         C. cooperi Smith 1862 O27
    |         |         C. dalli Bartsch 1920 O27
    |         |         C. diegense Bartsch 1920 O27
    |         |         C. ‘eburneum’ de Folin 1886 non Adams 1852 H09
    |         |         C. grippi Bartsch 1920 O27
    |         |         C. imbricatum HC79
    |         |         C. insularum Moore 1970 BC01
    |         |         C. licalum Bartsch 1920 O27
    |         |         C. lilianum Hedley 1903 H09
    |         |         C. liratocinctum C64
    |         |         C. microcyclus de Folin 1879 H09
    |         |         C. pulchellum WE63
    |         |         C. semilaeve C64
    |         |         C. subflavum de Folin 1879 H09
    |         |         C. subimpressum C64
    |         |         C. succineum de Folin 1879 H09
    |         |         C. undatum C64
    |         |--C. (Caecum) APS-P86
    |         |--C. (Brochina) APS-P86
    |         |--C. (Elephantulum Carpenter 1857) [incl. Elephantanellum Bartsch 1920, Quadrulata Folin 1867] APS-P86
    |         |    |--C. (*E.) hexagonum O27
    |         |    |--C. (E.) abbreviatum Folin in Folin & Périer 1870 APS-P86
    |         |    |--C. (E.) bicinctum Folin in Folin & Périer 1870 APS-P86
    |         |    |--C. (E.) breve Folin 1867 APS-P86
    |         |    |--‘Elephantulum’ carpenteri Bartsch 1920 O27
    |         |    `--C. (E.) clava Folin 1867 APS-P86
    |         |--C. (Fartulum) APS-P86
    |         `--C. (Meioceras Carpenter 1857) APS-P86
    |              |--C. (M.) cubitatum Folin in Folin & Périer 1868 [incl. C. tenerum Folin 1869] APS-P86
    |              |--C. (M.) sandwichensis Folin 1881 APS-P86
    |              `--C. (M.) subinflexum Folin in Folin & Périer 1869 APS-P86
    |--Iravadiidae [Fairbankiidae, Fairbankiinae] BR17
    |    |--Iravadia P84
    |    |--Rehderiella Brandt 1974 [Rehderiellidae, Rehderiellinae, Rehderielloidea] BR05
    |    |    `--*R. parva (Lea 1856) [=Pachychilus parvus] BR17
    |    |--Hyala Adams & Adams 1852 BR05
    |    |    |--*H. vitrea (Montagu 1803) [=Turbo vitreus; incl. H. mediterranea Nordsieck 1972] P84
    |    |    |--H. adamsi Golikov & Kussakin 1971 P84
    |    |    `--H. rotundata C64
    |    |--Liroceratia Ponder 1984 P84
    |    |    |--*L. sulcata (Boettger 1893) [=Cingula sulcata; incl. Pellamora minatura Laseron 1956] P84
    |    |    `--‘Rissoa’ truncata Garrett 1873 P84
    |    |--Acliceratia Ponder 1984 P84
    |    |    |--*A. beddomei (Dautzenberg 1912) [=Aclis beddomei] P84
    |    |    `--A. carinata (Smith 1871) P84 [=Aclis carinata P84, A. walleri var. carinata N79]
    |    |--Rhombostoma Seguenza 1876 [=Eulimopsis Brugnone 1881] P84
    |    |    |--*R. carmelae (Brugnone 1873) [=Eulima carmelae, *Eulimopsis carmelae] P84
    |    |    |--R. imperforatum (Sacco 1892) [=Ondina imperforata; incl. O. pliobliqua Sacco 1892] P84
    |    |    `--R. striatum (Hörnes 1856) [=Chemnitzia striata] P84
    |    |--Ceratia Adams & Adams 1852 [incl. Hebetaclis Pilsbry 1922] P84
    |    |    |--*C. proxima Alder in Forbes & Hanley 1850 [incl. Rissoa striatuls Jeffreys 1847 (preoc.)] P84
    |    |    |--C. alta (Gabb 1873) [=Auriculina alta, *Hebetaclis alta] P84
    |    |    `--C. minutissima Cossmann 1888 P84
    |    |--Rissopsis Garrett 1873 P84
    |    |    |--*R. typica Garrett 1873 P84
    |    |    |--R. prolongata (Turton 1932) [=Rissopsis prolongata; incl. R. ligula Kilburn 1975] P84
    |    |    `--R. tuba Kilburn 1977 P84
    |    |--Chevallieria Cossmann 1888 [incl. Nanadoma Laseron 1956] P84
    |    |    |--*C. labrosa Cossmann 1888 P84
    |    |    |--C. australis Ponder 1984 P84
    |    |    |--C. balcombensis Ponder 1984 P84
    |    |    |--C. columen (Melvill 1904) [=Rissoina columen; incl. R. (Scrobs) elspethae Melvill 1910] P84
    |    |    |--C. cylindroides Cossmann 1907 P84
    |    |    |--C. gippslandica Ponder 1984 P84
    |    |    `--C. imitoris (Laseron 1956) [=*Nanadoma imitoris] P84
    |    `--Nozeba Iredale 1915 (see below for synonymy) P84
    |         |--*N. emarginata (Hutton 1885) P84 (see below for synonymy)
    |         |--*Pasithea’ claibornensis Lea 1833 [=*Pasitheola claibornensis] P84
    |         |--N. eulimoides (Cossmann 1888) [=Balanocochlis eulimoides] P84
    |         |--N. gatliffiana (Chapman & Gabriel 1914) [=Rissoa gatliffiana] P84
    |         |--N. globulus (Grateloup 1827) [=Bulimus globulus, *Antinodulus globulus] P84
    |         |--N. guttula (Lea 1833) [=Pasithea guttula] P84
    |         |--N. lucida (Cossmann 1886) [=Amphimelania lucida] P84
    |         |--N. striata Ponder 1984 P84
    |         `--N. topaziaca (Hedley 1908) (see below for synonymy) P84
    |--Tornidae [Tornoidea, Tornoidei] BR17
    |    |  i. s.: ‘Cyclostrema’ bushi Dautzenberg & Fischer 1907 BM88
    |    |         *Pleuromalaxis balesi (Pilsbry & McGinty 1945) BM88
    |    |         Parviturboides interruptus (Adams 1850) BM88
    |    |         Vitridomus Pilsbry & Olsson 1945 BM88
    |    |         Anticlimax decorata Rolán, Fernández-Garcés & Rubio 1997 BC01
    |    |         Vitrinorbis arabscripta Rolán & Rubio 1996 BC01
    |    |         Scissilabra Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |           `--*S. dalli Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |         Pseudoliotia Tate 1898 BM88
    |    |           `--P. clathrata M54
    |    |         Tomura BM88
    |    |           |--*T. bicaudata (Pilsbry & McGinty 1946) BM88
    |    |           `--T. abscondita Rolán & Rubio 1999 BC01
    |    |         Cochliolepis BM88
    |    |           |--*C. parasitica Stimpson 1858 BM88
    |    |           |--C. albicerata Ponder 1966 BM88
    |    |           `--C. reductus Rolán & Rubio 1990 BC01
    |    |         Scrupus Finlay 1927 BM88
    |    |           |--*S. hyalinus (Odhner 1924) [=Fossarus hyalinus] P61
    |    |           |--S. marmoratus (Hedley 1907) [=Cithna marmorata] F27a
    |    |           |--S. minutus (Michaud 1827) F27a, F27b [=Fossarus minutus F27a]
    |    |           `--S. uniliratus Powell 1931 P61
    |    |         Naricava Hedley 1913 P61, F27a [incl. Micreschara F27a]
    |    |           |  i. s.: N. huttoni (Marwick 1924) (see below for synonymy) F27b
    |    |           |--*N. (Naricava) angasi [=Adeorbis angasi] F27b
    |    |           `--N. (Tropidorbis Iredale 1936) P61
    |    |                |--N. (*T.) mendica [=*Tropidorbis mendicus] P61
    |    |                `--N. (T.) neozelanica Powell 1940 P61
    |    |         Cyclostremiscus Pilsbry & Olsson 1945 [incl. Ponocyclus Pilsbry 1953] BM88
    |    |           |--*C. panamensis (Adams 1852) [=Vitrinella panamensis] BM88
    |    |           |--‘Cyclostrema’ angulata Adams 1850 BM88
    |    |           |--C. beauii (Fischer 1857) (see below for synonymy) BM88
    |    |           |--C. gordanus (Hertlein & Strong 1951) [=Cyclostrema gordana] BM88
    |    |           |--C. major Olsson & Smith 1951 BM88
    |    |           `--C. pentagonus (Gabb 1837) [incl. Circulus trilix (Bush 1885)] BM88
    |    |         Macromphalina BC01
    |    |         Pygmaeorota P08
    |    |         Sigaretornus BR17
    |    |--Torninae BR17
    |    `--Teinostoma BR17
    `--Hydrobiidae [Hydrobiae] BR17
         |  i. s.: Fluvidona Iredale 1937 PC96
         |           |--*F. petterdi (Smith 1882) [=Hydrobia petterdi] PC96
         |           `--F. centralia Ponder, Colgan et al. 1996 PC96
         |         0--Jardinella PC96
         |         `--+--Fonscochlea Ponder et al. 1989 PC96
         |            `--Dalhousia Ponder, Colgan et al. 1996 PC96
         |                 |--*D. globosa Ponder, Colgan et al. 1996 PC96
         |                 `--D. harrisi Ponder, Colgan et al. 1996 PC96
         |         Islamia Radoman 1973 [Islamiidae, Islamiinae] BR05
         |           |--*I. servaini (Bourguignat 1887) [=Horatia servaini] BR17
         |           `--I. pusilla (Piersanti 1952) [incl. Valvata troglobia Piersanti 1952] BV86
         |         Pseudamnicola Paulucci 1878 [Pseudamnicolinae] BR05
         |           |--*P. macrostoma (Küster 1852) [=Paludina macrostoma] BR17
         |           |--P. acuta Pan 1982 TTE93
         |           |--P. klemmi Boeters 1969 BV86
         |           |--P. likharevi Izzatulaev 1973 BV86
         |           |--P. lindbergi Boettger 1957 BV86
         |           `--P. pallida (Martens 1874) BV86
         |         Pyrgulinae BR05
         |         Mexipyrgus HH88
         |           |--M. carranzae HH88
         |           |--M. churinceanus HH88
         |           |--M. lugoi HH88
         |           `--M. mojarralis HH88
         |         Pyrgulopsis ozarkensis Hinkley 1915 BC01
         |         Soapitia Binder 1961 BC01
         |           `--*S. dageti Binder 1961 BC01
         |         Subcochliopa Morrison 1946 BC01
         |           `--*S. trochus Morrison 1946 BC01
         |         Austropyrgus PC08
         |         Ascorhis PC08
         |         Clessinia variabilis (Eichwald 1841) [=Paludina variabilis] S01
         |         Belgrandiella BR17
         |         Caspia Clessin & Dybowski 1887 [Caspiidae, Caspiinae] BR17
         |           `--*C. baerii Dybowski 1887 BR17
         |         Mercuria Boeters 1971 [Mercuriinae] BR17
         |           `--*M. confusa (Frauenfeld 1863) [=Amnicola confusa] BR17
         |         Horatiinae [Horatiidae] BR17
         |           |--Horatia BR05
         |           |--Tanousia Bourguignat in Servain 1881 (see below for synonymy) BR05
         |           |    |--*T. zrmanjae (Brusina 1866) [=Lymnaea zrmanjae] BR17
         |           |    `--*Lithoglyphulus’ tedanicus Schlickum & Schütt 1971 BR17
         |           |--‘Orientalina’ Radoman 1978 non Kolosnitsyna 1973 (see below for synonymy) BR05
         |           |    |--*O. curta (Kürster 1852) [=Paludina curta, *Orientalia curta] BR17
         |           |    `--O. troglobia (Bole 1961) BV86
         |           `--Sadleriana Clessin 1887 BR17, BR05 [Sadlerianidae, Sadlerianinae]
         |                |--*S. fluminensis (Kuster 1853) BR17 (see below for synonymy)
         |                |--S. bavarica Boeters 1989 SW04
         |                |--S. cavernosa Radoman 1978 SW04
         |                `--S. schmidti (Menke 1849) BV86
         |         Trochidrobia BW04
         |         Cylindrica Clessin 1882 BK20
         |         Antroselates Hubricht 1963 H63a
         |           `--*A. spiralis Hubricht 1963 H63a
         |--Belgrandiinae SW04
         `--+--Hydrobiinae SW04
            `--Nymphophilinae BR05
                 |--Notogillia wetherbyi BR05, H63b
                 |--Marstonia decepta (Baker 1928) DPS84, P88
                 |--Nymphophilus Taylor 1966 [Nymphophilini] BR05
                 |    `--*N. minckleyi Taylor 1966 BR17
                 |--Birgella Baker 1926 T84
                 |    `--*B. subglobosa (Say 1825) (see below for synonymy) T84
                 `--Cincinnatia SW04
                      |--C. cincinnatiensis (Anthony 1840) P88
                      |--C. integra B63
                      `--C. winkleyi (Pilsbry 1912) SW04

Nomen nudum: Littoridina jumandi Bole & Velkovrh 1986 BV86

*Birgella subglobosa (Say 1825) [=Paludina subglobosa, Somatogyrus subglobosus; incl. Melania isogona Say 1829, Birgella subglobosa isogona, Somatogyrus isogona, Paludina pallida Lea 1839] T84

Circulus striatus (Philippi 1836) [=Valvata striata; incl. Delphinula duminyi Requien 1848, *Circulus duminyi, Trochus duminyi] BM88

Cyclostremiscus beauii (Fischer 1857) [=Adeorbis beauii, Cyclostrema beani (l. c.), Cyclostremiscus (*Ponocyclus) beauii, Vitrinella (Solariorbis) beaui; incl. Cyclostrema bicarinata Guppy 1866, Adeorbis beaui var. bicarinata, Circulus bicarinatus, Cyclostremiscus (Ponocyclus) beaui bicarinatus, Ci. stirophorus Smith 1937, Skenea sulcata Bush in Simpson 1887 (n. n.)] BM88

Duritropis albocarinata (Mousson 1873) [incl. Omphalotropis brenchleyi Sykes 1900, *D. brenchleyi, D. fortilirata Iredale 1945] SS10

*Geomelania (Geomelania) jamaicensis Pfeiffer 1845 BR17 [incl. G. expansa Adams 1849 BC01, G. fortis Adams 1850 BC01, G. gracilis Adams 1850 BC01, G. magna Adams 1850 BC01, G. media Adams 1850 BC01]

*Limborelia exquisita (Pfeiffer 1855) [=Hydrocena exquisitor; incl. Omphalotropis pfeifferi Crosse 1868] SS10

*Mysorella curta (Nevill 1884) BR17 [=Bythinia curta BR17, Bithynia costigera var. curta PB27, *Mysoria curta BR17]

Naricava huttoni (Marwick 1924) [=Micreschara (Macromphalina) huttoni, Sigaretus carinatus Hutton 1877 non Münster 1841] F27b

Nozeba Iredale 1915 [incl. Neozeba (l. c.); incl. Antinodulus Cossmann in Cossmann & Peyrot 1919, Pasithea Lea 1833 (n. d.), Pasitheola Cossmann 1896, Syntharella Laseron 1955] P84

*Nozeba emarginata (Hutton 1885) P84 [=Rissoa emarginata P84; incl. Rissoina coulthardi Webster 1908 P84, Nozeba coulthardi P61, N. mica Finlay 1930 P84]

Nozeba topaziaca (Hedley 1908) [=Eulima topaziaca, *Syntharella topaziaca; incl. Estea amblycorymba Cotton 1944] P84

‘Orientalina’ Radoman 1978 non Kolosnitsyna 1973 [incl. Orientalia Radoman 1972 non Bykova 1947; Orientaliidae, Orientalinidae] BR05

*Sadleriana fluminensis (Kuster 1853) BR17 [=Paludina fluminensis BR17, Lithoglyphus (Sadleriana) fluminensis SW04]

Tanousia Bourguignat in Servain 1881 [=Lithoglyphulus Schlickum & Schütt 1971; Lithoglyphulidae, Tanousiidae] BR05

*Tomichia ventricosa (Sowerby 1842) BR17 [=Truncatella ventricosa BR17; incl. Tr. ventricosa var. brevis Krauss 1848 PB27, Tomichia ventricosa var. brevis PB27, Hydrobia caledonensis Chaper 1885 PB27, Truncatella capensis Krauss in Pfeiffer 1846 PB27]

*Type species of generic name indicated

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