Delphacidae

Delphax collina, copyright Gernot Kunz.


Belongs within: Fulgoromorpha.

The Delphacidae are a group of planthoppers, characterised by the presence of a large movable spur at the apex of the hind tibia, that mostly feed on monocots (Carver et al. 1991).

<==Delphacidae [Araeopidae, Asiracidae]
    |--Asiraca Latreille 1802 L02 [Asiracinae CGW91]
    |    |--A. clavicornis [=Delphax clavicornis] L02
    |    |--A. crassicornis [=Delphax crassicornis] L02
    |    `--A. longicornis [=Delphax longicornis] L02
    `--Delphacini [Delphacinae] GF13
         |--Toya MC13
         |--Sardia MC13
         |    |--S. pluto (Kirkaldy 1906) K08 [=Hadeodelphax pluto K08, S. rostrata pluto MC13]
         |    `--S. rostrata MC13
         `--Delphax H01
              |--D. collina H01
              |--D. disonymos Kirkaldy 1907 K08
              |--D. dryope Kirkaldy 1907 K08
              |--D. eupompe Kirkaldy 1907 K08
              |--D. flaveola H01
              |--D. matanitu Kirkaldy 1907 K08
              |--D. ochrias Kirkaldy 1907 K08
              |--D. pellucida H01
              |--D. puella K08
              `--D. striatella H01

Delphacidae incertae sedis:
  Conomelus anceps A71
  Neopunana saba E02
  Eumetopina flavipes MHG04
  Notuchus larvalis RH88
  Nesodyne O94
  Sogata BM76
    |--S. furcifera BM76
    `--S. orizicola AS07
  Sulix M83
    |--S. insecutor M83
    `--S. tasmani (Muir 1923) H82
  Alohini F62
    |--Nesothoe F62
    |--Nesodryas laocoon F62
    `--Nesorthia Fennah 1962 F62
         `--*N. paronychiae Fennah 1962 F62
  Nilaparvata lugens K91
  Javesella K91
    |--J. dubia K91
    `--J. pellucida K91
  Sogatella K91
    |--S. furcifera K91
    `--S. kolophon K91
  Ugyops K08
    |--U. kinbergi E02
    `--U. vitiensis Kirkaldy 1907 K08
  Melanesia pacifica Kirkaldy 1907 [incl. M. pacifica var. strigata Kirkaldy 1907] K08
  Peregrinus maidis K08
  Dicranotropis K08
    |--D. anderida Kirkaldy 1907 K08
    |--D. flavipes H01
    |--D. koebelei Kirkaldy 1906 K08
    `--D. muiri A71
  Perkinsiella K08
    |--P. pseudomaidis Kirkaldy 1906 K08
    |--P. saccharicida N91
    |--P. vastatrix B88
    `--P. vitiensis Kirkaldy 1906 K08
  Stenocranus pacificus Kirkaldy 1907 K08
  Megamelus proserpina Kirkaldy 1907 K08
  Delphacodes striatella WEE70

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AS07] Almaguel, L, A. Santos, P. de la Torre, J. Hernández, I. Cáceres, A. Ginarte, E. Botta & E. G. Estrada-Venegas. 2007. Population dynamics and ecological indicators of Steneotarsonemus spinki (Acari: Tarsonemidae) on irrigated rice in Cuba. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 397–405. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[CGW91] Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 429–509. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[E02] Emeljanov, A. F. 2002. Contribution to classification and phylogeny of the family Cixiidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha). Denisia 2002: 103–112.

[F62] Fennah, R. G. 1962. A new alohine delphacid from San Ambrosio I. (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 177–180.

[GF13] Gopurenko, D., M. Fletcher, H. Löcker & A. Mitchell. 2013. Morphological and DNA barcode species identifications of leafhoppers, planthoppers and treehoppers (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha) at Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 253–285.

[H82] Helmore, D. W. 1982. Drawings of New Zealand insects. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of New Zealand 8: 1–52.

[H01] Horváth, G. 1901. Hemipterák [Hemiptera]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 245–274. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[K91] Kathirithamby, J. 1991. Strepsiptera. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 684–695. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[K08] Kirkaldy, G. W. 1908. A catalogue of the Hemiptera of Fiji. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 345–391, pl. 4.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1–98.

[MHG04] Maynard, G. V., J. G. Hamilton & J. F. Grimshaw. 2004. Quarantine—phytosanitary, sanitary and incursion management: an Australian entomological perspective. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 318–328.

[N91] Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants, sawflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 916–1000. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[O94] Otte, D. 1994. The Crickets of Hawaii: origin, systematics and evolution. The Orthopterists' Society: The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

[RH88] Remane, R., & H. Hoch. 1988. Cave-dwelling Fulguroidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha) from the Canary Islands. Journal of Natural History 22: 403–412.

[WEE70] Woodward, T. E., J. W. Evans & V. F. Eastop. 1970. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 387–457. Melbourne University Press.

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