Chrysididae

Hedychrum cf. niemelai, copyright Josef Dvorak.


Belongs within: Aculeata.
Contains: Chrysis, Ellampus.

The Chrysididae, cuckoo wasps, are a group of parasitoid and cleptoparasitic wasps in which the terminal metasomal segments form a telescopic tube that is usually concealed by the preceding six or fewer terga (Naumann 1991). Many chrysidids are heavily sclerotised and brightly metallic in coloration.

<==Chrysididae [Chrysidides, Cleptidae]
    |  i. s.: Neochrysis panamensis BM76
    |         Trichrysis cyanea BM76
    |         Ceratochrysis BM76
    |         Pseudolopyga BM76
    |         Argochrysis armilla JB13
    |         Holochrysis R70
    |         Loboscelidia [Loboscelidiidae, Loboscelidiinae] N91
    |         Myrmecomimesis [Amiseginae] N91
    |--Cleptinae B03
    |    |--Heterocoelia Dahlb. 1854 B03
    |    |    `--*H. nigriventris B03
    |    `--Cleptes Latreille 1802 PK17, B03
    |         |--*C. semiauratus [=Ichneumon semiauratus] L02
    |         |--C. afra Lucas 1849 E12
    |         |--C. elegans Mocsáry in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901 MS01
    |         `--C. nitidulus MS01
    `--+--+--Parnopes Latreille 1796 PK17, B03 [Parnopinae]
       |  |    |--*P. carnea B03 [=Chrysis carnea L02]
       |  |    |--P. edwardsii BM76
       |  |    |--P. fulvicornis BM76
       |  |    |--P. grandior PK17
       |  |    |--P. popovii MS01
       |  |    `--P. viridis Brullé 1846 B03
       |  `--Chrysidinae [Chrysidini] B03
       |       |--Chrysis PK17
       |       |--Primeuchroeus N91
       |       |--Praestochrysis lusca N91
       |       |--Stilbum Spinola 1806 B03
       |       |    `--*S. cyanurum (Först. 1771) (see below for synonymy) B03
       |       |--Chrysogona Förster 1853 B03
       |       |    |--*C. gracillima B03
       |       |    `--C. pumila Klug 1845 [incl. Chrysis assimilis Dahlb. 1854 (preoc.), Chrysogona assimilis] B03
       |       `--Euchroeus Latr. 1809 B03
       |            |--*E. purpuratus B03
       |            `--E. cupreiventris Cam. 1902 B03
       `--Ellampinae [Elampini] B03
            |--Ellampus PK17
            |--Holophrys B03
            |--Philoctetes B03
            |--Holopyga Dahlb. 1854 B03
            |    |--*H. ventralis B03
            |    |--H. amoenula MS01
            |    |--H. chrysonota BM76
            |    |--H. coriacea MS01
            |    |--H. cupreata Nurse 1902 B03
            |    |--H. gloriosa MS01
            |    |--H. indica Mocsáry 1889 B03
            |    `--H. nursei Bingham 1903 B03
            |--Hedychridium Ab. de Perrin 1879 B03
            |    |--*H. anale B03
            |    |--H. ardens (Coquebert 1801) K08 [=Chrysis ardens B03]
            |    |--H. minutum (Lepel. 1806) [=Hedychrum minutum] B03
            |    |--H. perversum Nurse 1902 B03
            |    |--H. rosae BM76
            |    |--H. rugosum (Smith 1852) [=Hedychrum rugosum, Holopyga rugosa] B03
            |    |--H. selectum Nurse 1902 B03
            |    `--H. wroughtoni du Buysson 1896 B03
            `--Hedychrum Latreille 1802 B03
                 |--*H. nobile B03
                 |--H. chalybeum BM76
                 |--H. coriaceum (Dahlbom 1854) K08
                 |--H. fastuosum Lucas 1849 E12
                 |--H. fellmanni Lucas 1849 E12
                 |--H. flammulatum Smith 1859 B03
                 |--H. gerstaeckeri BM76
                 |    |--H. g. gerstaeckeri BM76
                 |    `--H. g. japonicum BM76
                 |--H. intermedium BM76
                 |--H. lucidulum [=Chrysis lucidula] L02
                 |--H. lugubre Cameron 1897 B03
                 |--H. mauritanicum Lucas 1849 E12
                 |--H. micans Lucas 1849 E12
                 |--H. niemelai Linsenmaier 1959 K08
                 |--H. nigropilosum BM76
                 |--H. numidicum Lucas 1849 E12
                 |--H. parvum BM76
                 |--H. timidum Dahlbom 1854 B03
                 `--H. violaceum BM76

*Stilbum cyanurum (Först. 1771) [=Chrysis cyanura; incl. C. amethystina Fabr. 1775, Stilbum cyanurum var. amethystinum, S. splendidum Spinola 1806, S. cyanurum var. splendidum] B03

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B03] Bingham, C. T. 1903. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera vol. 2. Ants and Cuckoo-Wasps. Taylor and Francis: London.

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[JB13] Johnson, B. R., M. L. Borowiec, J. C. Chiu, E. K. Lee, J. Atallah & P. S. Ward. 2013. Phylogenomics resolves evolutionary relationships among ants, bees, and wasps. Current Biology 23: 2058–2062.

[K08] Klaus, D. 2008. Triungulinus-Aggregationen von Meloë proscarabaeus L.—Beobachtungen aus Sachsen-Anhalt und Sachsen (Insecta, Coleoptera, Meloidae). Mauritiana 20 (2): 371–380.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[N91] Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants, sawflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 916–1000. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[PK17] Peters, R. S., L. Krogmann, C. Mayer, A. Donath, S. Gunkel, K. Meusemann, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, M. Petersen, R. Lanfear, P. A. Diez, J. Heraty, K. M. Kjer, S. Klopfstein, R. Meier, C. Polidori, T. Schmitt, S. Liu, X. Zhou, T. Wappler, J. Rust, B. Misof & O. Niehuis. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27 (7): 1013–1018.

[R70] Riek, E. F. 1970. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 867–959. Melbourne University Press.

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