Cimicidae

Common bed bug Cimex lectularius, photographed by Piotr Naskrecki.


Belongs within: Cimicomorpha.

The Cimicidae, bed bugs, are a group of flightless, flattened bugs that feed on blood from mammals and birds.

Characters (from Carver et al. 1991): Body oval, flattened; clypeus apically expanded; pronotum anterolaterally and laterally expanded; forewings reduced to transverse scales.

<==Cimicidae
    |--Bucimex A71
    |--Propicimex A71
    |--Cacodmus A71
    |--Aphrania A71
    |--Stricticimex brevispinosus CGW91
    |--Primicimex A71
    |--Loxaspis A71
    |--Crassicimex A71
    |--Leptocimex boueti A71
    |--Afrocimex A71
    |--Latrocimex A71
    |--Oeciacus A71
    |--Paracimex A71
    |--Ornithocoris A71
    |--Hesperocimex A71
    |--Cimexopsis A71
    |--Synxenoderus A71
    |--Haematosiphon A71
    |--Psitticimex A71
    |--Caminicimex A71
    |--Triphleps nigra H01
    |--Canthecona cyanacantha Stal 1870 K08
    |--Pegala biguttula Haglund 1868 K08
    |--Lamprophara bifasciata [incl. L. bifasciata var. quadrifera] K08
    |--Ctenoneurus K08
    |    |--C. bergrothianus Kirkaldy 1908 K08
    |    |--C. fungicola Kirkaldy 1908 K08
    |    `--C. hochstetteri K08
    `--Cimex Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. abietis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. acantharis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. aegyptius Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. andreae Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. annulatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. arabs Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. arenarius Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. ater Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. baccarum Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. betulae Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. bidens Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. biguttatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. bimaculatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. bipunctatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. bipustulatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. caeruleus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. calcaratus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. campestris Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. cardui Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. clavicornis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. columbarius A71
         |--C. corticalis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. coryli Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. crassicornis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. dolabratus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. dumosus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. erosus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. erraticus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. ferus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. filicis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. gothicus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. griseus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. haemorrhoidalis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. hemipterus A71
         |--C. histrio Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. hyoscyami Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. indus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. interstinctus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. juniperinus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. kalmii Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. kermesinus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. lacustris Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. laevigatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. lectularius Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. leucocephalus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. lineatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. lineola Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. littoralis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. marginatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. minutus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. mutabilis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. nigripes Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. oleraceus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. ornatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. peregrinator Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. personatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. pini Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. populi Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. pratensis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. punctatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. quattuorspinosus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. rolandri Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. rotundatus H74
         |--C. ruber Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. rufipes Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. rugosus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. saltatorius Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. serratus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. stockerus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. stolidus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. striatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. sylvestris Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. ulmi Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. umbratilis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. vagabundus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. valgus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--C. variolosus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         `--C. ypsilon Linnaeus 1758 L58

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[CGW91] Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 429–509. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[H74] Helson, G. A. H. 1974. Insect Pests: Identification, life history, and control of pests of farms, horticulture, gardens, and public health. A. R. Shearer, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[H01] Horváth, G. 1901. Hemipterák [Hemiptera]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 245–274. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[K08] Kirkaldy, G. W. 1908. A catalogue of the Hemiptera of Fiji. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 345–391, pl. 4.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

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