Anthocoridae

Orius niger, from Raupach et al. (2014).


Belongs within: Cimicomorpha.

The Anthocoridae, flower bugs, are a group of small bugs that mostly feed on insect eggs or haemolymph from other insects. They are characterised by the presence of a cuneus in the hemelytron, with the hemelytral membrane usually being veinless, the presence of ocelli, and an apparently three-segmented labium (Carver et al. 1991).

<==Anthocoridae
    |  i. s.: Amphiareus YS01
    |         Bilia MM96
    |         Macrotracheliella laevis MM96
    |         Plochiocorella elongata CGW91
    |--Lasiochilus [Lasiochilinae] CGW91
    |    `--L. femoralis CGW91
    |--Lyctocorinae [Dufouriellinae, Lyctocoraria, Lyctocoridae, Xylocoraria] C61
    |    |--Eoanthocoris cretaceus SP02
    |    |--Physopleurella CGW91
    |    |--Lyctocoris C61
    |    |    |--L. campestris (Fabricius 1794) [=Acanthia campestris] C61
    |    |    `--L. subelegans Breddin 1928 C61
    |    |--Xylocoris C61
    |    |    |  i. s.: X. hirsutus Carayon 1961 C61
    |    |    |--X. (Xylocoris) C61
    |    |    |    |--X. (X.) afer (Reuter 1884) [=Piezostethus afer] C61
    |    |    |    |--X. (X.) cursitans (Fallén 1807) [=Anthocoris cursitans] C61
    |    |    |    `--X. (X.) galactinus C61
    |    |    `--X. (Arrostus) flavipes (Reuter 1875) (see below for synonymy) C61
    |    `--Cardiastethus C61
    |         |--C. affinis C61
    |         |--C. capensis Carayon 1961 C61
    |         |--C. fasciiventris C61
    |         |--C. megalophthalmus C61
    |         |--C. poweri WFS04
    |         |--C. pygmaeus C61
    |         `--C. rufescens C61
    `--Anthocorinae C61
         |  i. s.: Wollastoniella bifoveata Carayon 1958 C61
         |--Anthocoris [Anthocorini] C61
         |    |--A. nemoralis C61
         |    |--A. nemorum H01
         |    |--A. pacificus Kirkaldy 1908 K08
         |    |--A. subcruciatus Walker 1872 C61
         |    `--A. sylvestris K08
         |--Scolopini C61
         |    |--Lasiochiloides Champion 1901 C61
         |    `--Blaptostethus Fieber 1860 C61
         |         |--B. africanus (Carayon 1956) [=Lasiochiloides africanus] C61
         |         `--B. pleneti (Carayon 1958) [=Lasiochiloides pleneti] C61
         `--Oriini C61
              |--Lampronannella Poppius 1909 C61
              |--Dokkiocoris Miller 1951 C61
              |--Pseudotriphleps Poppius 1910 [incl. Horniella Poppius 1910 non Raffray 1904] C61
              |--Caffrocoris Carayon 1961 C61
              |    `--*C. brincki Carayon 1961 C61
              |--Bilianella C61
              |    |--B. microscopica C61
              |    `--B. minuta Carvalho 1951 C61
              |--Montandoniola Poppius 1909 [incl. Teisocoris Hiura 1959] C61
              |    |--*M. moraguesi (Puton 1896) [=Montandoniella moraguesi] C61
              |    |--‘Ectemnus’ pictipennis Esaki 1931 [=*Teisocoris pictipennis] C61
              |    `--M. thripodes Bergroth 1916 C61
              `--Orius Wagner 1952 [Oriini] C61
                   |  i. s.: O. armatus CGW91
                   |         O. cocciphagus (Hesse 1947) [=Triphleps cocciphagus] C61
                   |         O. fogoensis Wagner 1957 C61
                   |         O. insidiosus MM96
                   |         O. laevigatus WS07
                   |         O. minutum KU07
                   |         O. tantillus CGW91
                   |         O. tristicolor WT91
                   |--O. (Orius) C61
                   |    |--O. (O.) brunnescens (Poppius 1913) [=Triphleps brunnescens] C61
                   |    |--O. (O.) niger C61
                   |    `--O. (O.) thripoborus (Hesse 1940) [=Triphleps thripoborus] C61
                   `--O. (Dimorphella) lanatus Carayon 1961 C61

Xylocoris (Arrostus) flavipes (Reuter 1875) [=Piezostethus flavipes; incl. Triphleps frumenti Zacher 1922, T. ramae Narayanan & Chatterji 1953, T. sinui Narayanan & Chatterji 1952] C61

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[C61] Carayon, J. 1961. Hemiptera (Heteroptera): Anthocoridae. In: Hanström, B., P. Brinck & G. Rudebeck (eds) South African Animal Life: Results of the Lund University Expedition in 1950–1951 vol. 8 pp. 533–557. Almqvist & Wiksell: Uppsala.

[CGW91] Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 429–509. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[H01] Horváth, G. 1901. Hemipterák [Hemiptera]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 245–274. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[KU07] Khanjani, M., & E. A. Ueckermann. 2007. Natural enemies of the walnut pest Aceria tristriatus (Nal.) (Acari: Eriophyidae) in western Iran. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 451–453. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[K08] Kirkaldy, G. W. 1908. A catalogue of the Hemiptera of Fiji. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 345–391, pl. 4.

[MM96] Mound, L. A., & R. Marullo. 1996. The thrips of Central and South America: an introduction (Insecta: Thysanoptera). Memoirs on Entomology, International 6: 1–487.

[SP02] Shcherbakov, D. E., & Yu. A. Popov. 2002. Superorder Cimicidea Laicharting, 1781: Order Hemiptera Linné, 1758. The bugs, cicadas, plantlice, scale insects, etc. [=Cimicida Laicharting, 1781, =Homoptera Leach, 1815+Heteroptera Latreille, 1810). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 143–157. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[WS07] Walzer, A., & P. Schausberger. 2007. Key factors of intraguild predation among Phytoseiulus persimilis, Neoseiulus californicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae) and Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 645–648. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[WT91] Wilson, L. T., P. J. Trichilo, D. L. Flaherty, R. Hanna & A. Corbett. 1991. Natural enemy-spider mite interactions: comments on implications for population assessment. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 167–173. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[WFS04] Winks, C. J., S. V. Fowler & L. A. Smith. 2004. Invertebrate fauna of boneseed, Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (L.) T. Norl. (Asteraceae: Calenduleae), an invasive weed in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 61–72.

[YS01] Yoshizawa, K., & T. Saigusa. 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of paraneopteran orders (Insecta: Neoptera) based on forewing base structure with comments on monophyly of Auchenorrhycha (Hemiptera). Systematic Entomology 26: 1–13.

2 comments:

  1. I worked for the late Tom Woodward as a research assistant on Anthocoridae. Why don't you list any of his (and Tony Postle's) papers or species like Orius heterorioides Woodward & Postle, 1986 or Australmeida derricki (Gross, 1954)?

    ReplyDelete
  2. I simply wouldn't have gotten to them yet; thanks for bringing them to my attention. I do update these pages over time; keep an eye on the "Recently Updated Posts" list to the right.

    ReplyDelete

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