Field vole Microtus agrestis, photographed by Ernie Janes.

Belongs within: Arvicolidae.
Contains: Microtus (Pitymys), Microtus (Microtus) oeconomus, Microtus (Microtus) pennsylvanicus.

Microtus, the meadow voles, is a Holarctic genus of relatively unspecialised voles found living in grassy areas. Well-known species include the field vole Microtus agrestis, which is found across a large part of northern Eurasia. The long-tailed vole M. longicaudus is found in western North America, and lacks the hip glands found in other Microtus species.

<==Microtus (Microtus) [incl. Tyrrhenicola Major 1905] AC98
    |--M. (M.) agrestis (Linnaeus 1761) M87, KJ08
    |--M. (M.) longicaudus M87
    |    |--M. l. longicaudus A56
    |    |--M. ‘mordax’ macrurus H36
    |    `--M. l. mordax A56
    |--+--M. (M.) californicus (Peale 1848) M87, K92
    |  |    |--M. c. californicus BP87
    |  |    `--M. c. scirpensis BP87
    |  |--M. (Aulacomys) richardsoni [=Arvicola richardsoni] M87
    |  `--+--M. (Pedomys) ochrogaster (Wagner in Schreber 1842) M87, B75 [=Hypudaeus ochrogaster] B75
    |     |    |--M. o. ochrogaster A56
    |     |    |--M. o. haydeni A56
    |     |    |--M. o. ilanensis MH03
    |     |    |--M. o. ludovicianus BP87
    |     |    `--M. o. minor B75
    |     `--M. (Pitymys) M87
    `--+--M. (M.) oeconomus M87
       |--M. (M.) mexicanus M87, G69
       |    |--M. m. mexicanus G69
       |    `--M. m. fulviventer G69
       `--+--+--M. (Chilotus) oregoni [=M. (Microtus) oregoni, M. (Suranomys) oregoni] M87
          |  `--+--M. (M.) canicaudus M87 [=M. montanus canicaudus J68]
          |     `--M. (M.) montanus M87
          |          |--M. m. montanus A56
          |          `--M. m. fusus A56
          `--+--M. (M.) townsendii M87
             |    |--M. t. townsendii H36
             |    |--M. t. cummingi Hall 1936 H36
             |    `--M. t. tetramerus H36
             `--+--M. (M.) breweri M87
                `--M. (M.) pennsylvanicus M87

Microtus incertae sedis:
  M. abbreviatus [=M. miurus abbreviatus] RR75
  M. arvalis (Pallas 1778) KJ08
  M. cabrerae IT07
  M. chrotorrhinus IT07
  M. duodecimcostatus IT07
  M. evoronensis IT07
  M. fortis IT07
  M. gerbei IT07
  M. gregalis MHL03 [=Mus (Stenocranius) gregalis PM61]
  M. guatemalensis IT07
  M. guentheri IT07
  M. henseli (Forsyth Major 1882) [=Arvicola henseli, Tyrrhenicola henseli] AC98
  M. hyperboreus IT07
  M. irani IT07
  M. irene IT07
  M. juldaschi IT07
  M. kermanensis IT07
  M. kirgisorum IT07
  M. leucurus IT07
  M. limnophilus IT07
  M. lusitanicus IT07
  M. majori IT07
  M. maximowiczii IT07
  M. meadensis MH03
  M. melitensis (Bate 1920) [=Arvicola melitensis] AC98
  M. middendorffi IT07
  M. miurus IT07
  M. mongolicus IT07
  M. montebelli IT07
  M. mujanensis IT07
  M. multiplex IT07
  M. nasarovi IT07
  M. nesophilus BP87
  M. (M.) oaxacensis G69
  M. obscurus IT07
  M. paroperarius MH03
  M. pliocaenicus (Kormos 1933) MH03
  M. rossiaemeridionalis IT07
  M. sachalinensis IT07
  M. schelkovnikovi IT07
  M. sikimensis IT07
  M. socialis IT07
  M. subterraneus (de Sélys-Longchamps 1836) KJ08
  M. tatricus IT07
  M. thomasi IT07
  M. transcaspicus Satunin 1905 K92
  M. (Orthriomys) umbrosus G69
  M. xanthognathus IT07

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AC98] Alcover, J. A., X. Campillo, M. Macias & A. Sans. 1998. Mammal species of the world: additional data on insular mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248: 1–29.

[A56] Anderson, S. 1956. Subspeciation in the meadow mouse, Microtus pennsylvanicus, in Wyoming, Colorado, and adjacent areas. University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History 9 (4): 85–104.

[B75] Bowles, J. B. 1975. Distribution and biogeography of mammals of Iowa. Special Publications, The Museum, Texas Tech University 9: 1–184.

[BP87] Burton, J. A., & B. Pearson. 1987. Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Collins: London.

[G69] Goodwin, G. G. 1969. Mammals from the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, in the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 141 (1): 1–269, 40 pls.

[H36] Hall, E. R. 1936. A new meadow mouse from Bowen Island, British Columbia. The Murrelet 17: 15–16.

[IT07] Isaac, N. J. B., S. T. Turvey, B. Collen, C. Waterman & J. E. M. Baillie. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PloS One 2 (3): e296.

[J68] Johnson, M. L. 1968. Application of blood protein electrophoretic studies to problems in mammalian taxonomy. Systematic Zoology 17 (1): 23–30.

[K92] Klompen, J. S. H. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships in the mite family Sarcoptidae (Acari: Astigmata). Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 180: i–vi, 1–154.

[KJ08] Krämer, M. & M. Jentzsch. 2008. Kleinsäuger-Vorkommen aus dem Raum Zeitz—eine vergleichende Studie. Mauritiana 20 (2): 411–427.

[MH03] Martin, R. A., R. T. Hurt, J. G. Honey & P. Peláez-Campomanes. 2003. Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene rodents fom the northern Borchers Badlands (Meade County, Kansas), with comments on the Blancan-Irvingtonian boundary in the Meade Basin. Journal of Paleontology 77 (5): 985–1001.

[MHL03] Meng, J., Y. Hu & C. Li. 2003. The osteology of Rhombomylus (Mammalia, Glires): Implications for phylogeny and evolution of Glires. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 275: 1–247.

[M87] Modi, W. S. 1987. Phylogenetic analyses of chromosomal banding patterns among the Nearctic Arvicolidae (Mammalia: Rodentia). Systematic Zoology 36 (2): 109–136.

[PM61] Paradiso, J. L. & R. H. Manville. 1961. Taxonomic notes on the tundra vole (Microtus oeconomus) in Alaska. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 74: 77–92.

[RR75] Rausch, R. L. & V. R. Rausch. 1975. Relationships of the red-backed vole, Clethrionomys rutilus (Pallas), in North America: karyotypes of the subspecies dawsoni and albiventer. Systematic Zoology 24 (2): 163–170.

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