Indochinese flying squirrel Hylopetes phayrei, photographed by Varawut Varaguttanonda.

Belongs within: Sciuridae.

The Pteromyinae include the flying squirrels, characterised by the presence of a gliding patagium between the fore and hind legs. The majority of species are found in northern and eastern Eurasia, with the genus Glaucomys found in North America. The genus Petaurista includes the largest flying squirrels, and indeed some of the largest of all squirrels.

<==Pteromyini [Petauristinae, Pteromyinae]
    |  i. s.: Biswamoyopterus biswasi MR03, IT07
    |         Pliopetaurista Kretzoi 1962 P04
    |           |--P. dehneli (Sulimski 1964) [=Pliosciuropterus dehneli] P04
    |           |--P. moldaviensis Baranova & Konkova 1974 P04
    |           |--P. pliocaenica (DepĂ©ret 1897) P04
    |           `--P. schaubi (Sulimski 1964) P04
    |--+--Petaurista MR03
    |  |    |--P. alborufus MR03
    |  |    |--P. elegans IT07
    |  |    |--P. leucogenys Temminck 1827 M76
    |  |    |--P. magnificus IT07
    |  |    |--P. nobilis IT07
    |  |    |--P. petaurista IT07
    |  |    |--P. philippensis IT07
    |  |    `--P. xanthotis IT07
    |  `--+--Pteromys MR03
    |     |    |--P. momonga Temminck 1845 M76
    |     |    `--P. volans MR03
    |     `--+--+--Eupetaurus cinereus MR03
    |        |  `--Aeromys MR03
    |        |       |--A. tephromelas MR03
    |        |       `--A. thomasi IT07
    |        `--+--Pteromyscus pulverulentus MR03
    |           `--+--Belomys pearsonii MR03
    |              `--+--Aeretes melanopterus MR03
    |                 `--Trogopterus xanthipes MR03
    `--+--Eoglaucomys fimbriatus MR03
       `--+--Glaucomys MR03
          |    |--G. sabrinus IT07
          |    |    |--G. s. sabrinus BP87
          |    |    |--G. s. bangsi M61
          |    |    |--G. s. coloratus BP87
          |    |    |--G. s. fuscus BP87
          |    |    |--G. s. lucifugus M61
          |    |    `--G. s. murinauralis Musser 1961 M61
          |    `--G. volans (Linnaeus 1758) [=Mus volans] B75
          |         |--G. v. volans G69
          |         |--G. v. chontali Goodwin 1961 G69
          |         |--G. v. herreranus G69
          |         |--G. v. oaxacensis Goodwin 1961 G69
          |         `--G. v. querceti B49
          `--+--Iomys MR03
             |    |--I. horsfieldi MR03
             |    `--I. sipora IT07
             `--+--Petinomys MR03
                |    |--P. bartelsi BP87
                |    |--P. crinitus IT07
                |    |--P. fuscocapillus IT07
                |    |--P. genibarbis IT07
                |    |--P. hageni IT07
                |    |--P. lugens IT07
                |    |--P. sagitta IT07
                |    |--P. setosus MR03
                |    `--P. vordermanni IT07
                `--+--Petaurillus MR03
                   |    |--P. emiliae IT07
                   |    |--P. hosei IT07
                   |    `--P. kinlochii MR03
                   `--Hylopetes MR03
                        |--H. alboniger IT07
                        |--H. baberi IT07
                        |--H. bartelsi IT07
                        |--H. fimbriatus IT07
                        |--H. lepidus IT07
                        |--H. mindanensis BP87
                        |--H. nigripes IT07
                        |--H. phayrei MR03
                        |--H. sipora IT07
                        |--H. spadiceus IT07
                        `--H. winstoni IT07

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B49] Baker, E. W. 1949. A review of the mites of the family Cheyletidae in the United States National Museum. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 99 (3238): 267–320.

[B75] Bowles, J. B. 1975. Distribution and biogeography of mammals of Iowa. Special Publications, The Museum, Texas Tech University 9: 1–184.

[BP87] Burton, J. A., & B. Pearson. 1987. Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Collins: London.

[G69] Goodwin, G. G. 1969. Mammals from the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, in the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 141 (1): 1–269, 40 pls.

[IT07] Isaac, N. J. B., S. T. Turvey, B. Collen, C. Waterman & J. E. M. Baillie. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PloS One 2 (3): e296.

[M76] Masui, M. 1976. Nihon no Doobutsu. Kogakukan: Tokyo.

[MR03] Mercer, J. M., & V. L. Roth. 2003. The effects of Cenozoic global change on squirrel phylogeny. Science 299: 1568–1572.

[M61] Musser, G. G. 1961. A new subspecies of flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus) from southwestern Utah. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 74: 119–126.

[P04] Popov, V. V. 2004. Pliocene small mammals (Mammalia, Lipotyphla, Chiroptera, Lagomorpha, Rodentia) from Muselievo (north Bulgaria). Geodiversitas 26 (3): 403–491.

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