Salvin's spiny pocket mouse Liomys salvini, from Laguna de Apoyo.

Belongs within: Castorimorpha.
Contains: Perognathinae, Dipodomys.

The Heteromyidae are a group of rodents found in North America, including the pocket mice, kangaroo mice and kangaroo rats. They share with their close relatives, the Geomyidae (pocket gophers), the presence of externally opening, fur-liked cheek pouches, but they are epigean in habits in contrast to the fossorial geomyids (Hafner & Hafner 1983). Members of the Dipodomyinae, kangaroo mice and kangaroo rats, have developed a ricochetal mode of locomotion, whereas the Perognathinae, pocket mice, and Heteromyinae, spiny pocket mice, retain a plesiomorphic mouse-like appearance.

<==Heteromyidae [Saccomyidae]
    |  i. s.: Prodipodomys tiheni (Hibbard 1943) MH03
    |         Proheteromys MJ11
    |--+--Perognathinae HH83
    |  `--Dipodomyinae HH83
    |       |--Cupidinimus HH83
    |       |--Dipodomys HH83
    |       `--Microdipodops Merriam 1891 HH83
    |            |--M. megacephalus HH83
    |            |    |--M. m. megacephalus HD41
    |            |    |--M. m. dickeyi HD37
    |            |    |--M. m. leucotis Hall & Durrant 1941 HD41
    |            |    |--M. m. lucidus HD37
    |            |    `--M. m. paululus Hall & Durrant 1941 HD41
    |            `--M. pallidus HH83
    |                 |--M. p. pallidus HD37
    |                 `--M. p. albiventer Hall & Durrant 1937 HD37
    `--Heteromyinae HH83
         |--Heteromys Desmarest 1817 [incl. Saccomys Cuvier 1823] HH83
         |    |--H. anomalus (Thompson 1815) QV01
         |    |--H. australis Thomas 1901 QV01
         |    |--H. desmarestianus Gray 1868 (see below for synonymy) HH83
         |    |    |--H. d. desmarestianus G69
         |    |    `--H. d. griseus G69
         |    |--H. gaumeri Alen & Chapman 189 QV01
         |    |--H. goldmani Merriam 1902 QV01
         |    |--H. nelsoni Merriam 1902 QV01
         |    `--H. oresterus Harris 1932 QV01
         `--Liomys Merriam 1902 HH83
              |--L. adspersus IT07
              |--L. annectens G69
              |--L. irroratus MB86
              |    |--L. i. irroratus [incl. L. i. yautepecus Goodwin 1956] G69
              |    |--L. i. alleni (Coues 1881) MB86
              |    |--L. i. jaliscensis (Allen 1906) MB86
              |    |--L. i. minor G69
              |    `--L. i. torridus G69
              |--L. pictus HH83
              |    |--L. p. pictus MB86
              |    |--L. p. hispidus (Allen 1897) MB86
              |    |--L. p. isthmius G69
              |    |--L. p. phaeurus G69
              |    `--L. p. veraecrucis G69
              |--L. rostratus G69
              |--L. salvini IT07
              `--L. spectabilis IT07

Heteromys desmarestianus Gray 1868 [incl. H. lepturus Merriam 1902, H. longicaudatus Gray 1868, H. nigricaudatus Goodwin 1956, H. temporalis Goldman 1911] HH83

*Type species of generic name indicated


[G69] Goodwin, G. G. 1969. Mammals from the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, in the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 141 (1): 1–269, 40 pls.

[HH83] Hafner, J. C., & M. S. Hafner. 1983. Evolutionary relationships of heteromyid rodents. In: Biology of Desert Rodents. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs 7: 3–29.

[HD37] Hall, E. R., & S. D. Durrant. 1937. A new kangaroo mouse (Microdipodops) of Utah and Nevada. Journal of Mammalogy 18 (3): 357–359.

[HD41] Hall, E. R., & S. D. Durrant. 1941. Two new kangaroo-mice from Utah. The Murrelet 22 (1): 5–7.

[IT07] Isaac, N. J. B., S. T. Turvey, B. Collen, C. Waterman & J. E. M. Baillie. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PloS One 2 (3): e296.

[MH03] Martin, R. A., R. T. Hurt, J. G. Honey & P. Peláez-Campomanes. 2003. Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene rodents fom the northern Borchers Badlands (Meade County, Kansas), with comments on the Blancan-Irvingtonian boundary in the Meade Basin. Journal of Paleontology 77 (5): 985–1001.

[MB86] Matson, J. O. & R. H. Baker. 1986. Mammals of Zacatecas. Special Publications, Museum of Texas Tech University 24: 1–88.

[MJ11] Meredith, R. W., J. E. Janečka, J. Gatesy, O. A. Ryder, C. A. Fisher, E. C. Teeling, A. Goodbla, E. Eizirik, T. L. L. Simão, T. Stadler, D. L. Rabosky, R. L. Honeycutt, J. J. Flynn, C. M. Ingram, C. Steiner, T. L. Williams, T. J. Robinson, A. Burk-Herrick, M. Westerman, N. A. Ayoub, M. S. Springer & W. J. Murphy. 2011. Impacts of the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification. Science 334: 521–524.

[QV01] Quintero, M. M. T., M. Vargas, B. S. Hernández, P García & N. J. Otero. 2001. Ectoparasitic mites on Heteromys gaumeri in the south of Yucatan, Mexico. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 583–585. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

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