Cape hare Lepus capensis, photographed by Arno Meintjes.

Belongs within: Leporidae.

The clade Oryctolagini includes the European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus and the Lepus hares of Eurasia, Africa and North America. Hares are long-eared and -legged lagomorphs adapted for fast running.

Synapomorphies (from Averianov 1999): Postorbital processes well developed, with both anterior and posterior projections; neural spines of anterior thoracic vertebrae long, more than three times length of vertebra centrum.

    |--Oryctolagus Lilljeborg 1874 A99
    |    `--O. cuniculus (Linnaeus 1758) K92
    `--Leporini A99
         |--Indolagus Gureev 1964 A99
         `--Lepus Linnaeus 1758 A99
              |--L. aegyptiacus T66
              |--L. alleni IT07
              |--L. americanus B75
              |    |--L. a. americanus B75
              |    `--L. a. phaeonotus Allen 1899 B75
              |--L. arcticus IT07
              |--L. brachyurus Temminck 1845 M76
              |--L. californicus MB86
              |    |--L. c. californicus MB86
              |    |--L. c. asellus Miller 1899 MB86
              |    |--L. c. melanotis Mearns 1890 B75
              |    `--L. c. texianus MB86
              |--L. callotis Wagler 1830 MB86 [incl. L. mexicanus Lichtenstein 1830 G69]
              |--L. capensis IT07
              |--L. castroviejoi IT07
              |--L. comus IT07
              |--L. coreanus IT07
              |--L. corsicanus IT07
              |--L. crawshayi PC06
              |--L. cuniculus T66
              |--L. europaeus AA02
              |--L. fagani IT07
              |--L. flavigularis G69
              |--L. floridanus S69
              |    |--L. f. floridanus S69
              |    `--L. f. sanctidiegi Miller 1899 S69
              |--L. granatensis IT07
              |--L. hainanus IT07
              |--L. insularis IT07
              |--L. isabellinus [incl. L. aethiopicus] T66
              |--L. mandshuricus IT07
              |--L. nigricollis IT07
              |--L. oiostolus IT07
              |--L. othus IT07
              |--L. peguensis IT07
              |--L. saxatilis IT07
              |--L. sinaiticus T66
              |--L. sinensis IT07
              |--L. starcki IT07
              |--L. syriacus T66
              |--L. timidus IT07
              |--L. tolai IT07
              |--L. townsendii B75
              |    |--L. t. townsendii B75
              |    `--L. t. campanius Hollister 1915 [=L. campestris Bachman 1837 non Meyer 1790] B75
              |--L. victoriae IT07
              |--L. whytei BF01
              `--L. yarkandensis IT07

Inorganic: Lepus brachyurus minilorientalus Okamura 1987 O87
           Oryctolagus cuniculus minilorientalus Okamura 1987 O87

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AA02] Arnason, U., J. A. Adegoke, K. Bodin, E. W. Born, Y. B. Esa, A. Gullberg, M. Nilsson, R. V. Short, X. Xu & A. Janke. 2002. Mammalian mitogenomic relationships and the root of the eutherian tree. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 99 (12): 8151–8156.

[A99] Averianov, A. O. 1999. Phylogeny and classification of Leporidae (Mammalia, Lagomorpha). Vestnik Zoologii 33 (1–2): 41–48.

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[B75] Bowles, J. B. 1975. Distribution and biogeography of mammals of Iowa. Special Publications, The Museum, Texas Tech University 9: 1–184.

[G69] Goodwin, G. G. 1969. Mammals from the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, in the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 141 (1): 1–269, 40 pls.

[IT07] Isaac, N. J. B., S. T. Turvey, B. Collen, C. Waterman & J. E. M. Baillie. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PloS One 2 (3): e296.

[K92] Klompen, J. S. H. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships in the mite family Sarcoptidae (Acari: Astigmata). Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 180: i–vi, 1–154.

[M76] Masui, M. 1976. Nihon no Doobutsu. Kogakukan: Tokyo.

[MB86] Matson, J. O. & R. H. Baker. 1986. Mammals of Zacatecas. Special Publications, Museum of Texas Tech University 24: 1–88.

[O87] Okamura, C. 1987. New facts: Homo and all Vertebrata were born simultaneously in the former Paleozoic in Japan. Original Report of the Okamura Fossil Laboratory 15: 347–573.

[PC06] Poux, C., P. Chevret, D. Huchon, W. W. de Jong & E. J. P. Douzery. 2006. Arrival and diversification of caviomorph rodents and platyrrhine primates in South America. Systematic Biology 55 (2): 228–244.

[S69] Steyskal, G. C. 1969. The mistreatment of the Latin genitive case in forming names of parasites. Systematic Zoology 18 (3): 339–342.

[T66] Tristram, H. B. 1866. Report on the mammals of Palestine. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 84–93.

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